Lewis Miller (philanthropist)
"Life-long supporter of the best interests of American labor and industry." - American Economist (March 3, 1899)
December 13, 1829|
|Died||February 17, 1899
New York City, New York
|Cause of death||Kidney disease|
|Education||Subscription school, Plainfield Academy, learned machinist trade in Plainfield, Illinois and Canton, Ohio|
|Occupation||Inventor and industrialist|
|Employer||C. Aultman & Co.
Aultman, Miller & Co.
Buckeye Mower & Reaper Co.
|Known for||Inventor of the Buckeye Mower (1855), Akron Plan architecture for Sunday school buildings (1867), co-founder of the Chautauqua Assembly (1874), philanthropy|
|Title||Partner, Superintendent, and President (c. 1892)|
|Political party||Greenback candidate for Congress (1878)|
|Spouse(s)||Mary Valinda Alexander (m. 1852)|
|Relatives||Thomas Edison (son-in-law)
Emily Huntington Miller (sister-in-law)
Charles Edison (grandson)
Theodore Miller Edison (grandson)
Lewis Miller (July 24, 1829 – February 17, 1899) was an Ohio businessman and philanthropist who made a fortune in the late 19th century as inventor of the first combine (harvester-reaper machine) with the blade mounted efficiently in front of the driver, to the side of the horse(s), rather than pulled behind. His daughter Mina (1865–1947) married fellow Ohio inventor Thomas Alva Edison on Christmas Day 1886.
Miller was born in Greentown, Ohio. He devoted much of his wealth to public service and to charitable causes associated with the Methodist Episcopal Church, and was the inventor of the "Akron Plan" for Sunday schools, a building layout with a central assembly hall surrounded by small classrooms, a configuration Miller conceived with Methodist minister John Heyl Vincent and architect Jacob Snyder. The arrangement accommodated 1) a collective opening exercise for all the children; 2) small radiating classrooms for graded instruction in the uniform lesson of the day; and 3) a general closing exercise in the central assembly area.
John Heyl Vincent collaborating was baptist layman B.F. Jacobs devised a system to encourage Sunday school work, and a committee was established to provide the International Uniform Lesson Curriculum, also known as the "Uniform Lesson Plan". By the 1800s, 80% of all new members were introduced to the church through Sunday school.
In 1874, interested in improving the training of Sunday school teachers for the Uniform Lesson Plan, Miller and Vincent worked together again to found what is now the Chautauqua Institution on the shores of Chautauqua Lake, New York.
- "Sunday School Movement”, Dictionary of Christianity in America, InterVarsity Press, 1990, p 1147
- Vigil, Vicki Blum (2007). Cemeteries of Northeast Ohio: Stones, Symbols & Stories. Cleveland, OH: Gray & Company, Publishers. ISBN 978-1-59851-025-6
- New York Times, February 18, 1899, p12
- Lewis Miller by Ellwood Hendrick, 1925. ISBN 1-567-23121-7. Book, discusses his farm machinery patents as well as his co-founding of the Chautauqua Institution.
- "Theodore W. Miller Rough Rider, his Diary as a soldier together with the story of his life..." by George E Vincent 1899
- Biography at National Inventors Hall of Fame
- Lewis Miller Burial Site, FindAGrave.Com
- His Wife, Mary Valinda Alexander Miller FindAGrave.Com
- 1899 film of a Buckeye Mower (Reaper) harvesting wheat in Queensland Australia