Liatris

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Liatris
Liatris spicata Purple.jpg
Liatris spicata
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Supertribe: Helianthodae
Tribe: Eupatorieae
Subtribe: Liatrinae
Genus: Liatris
Synonyms[1]
Liatris ligulistylis with goldenrod soldier beetles (Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus) on it

Liatris (/lˈætrɪs/[2]) is a genus of flowering plants in the boneset tribe within the sunflower family native to North America (Canada, United States, Mexico and the Bahamas).[3][4][5] Its most common name is blazing star.[5][6] Some species are used as ornamental plants, sometimes in flower bouquets.

They are perennials, surviving the winter in the form of corms.[5]

Liatris species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the flower moths Schinia gloriosa and Schinia sanguinea, both of which feed exclusively on the genus, and Schinia tertia and Schinia trifascia.

Classification[edit]

Liatris is in the tribe Eupatorieae of the aster family. Like other members of this tribe, the flower heads have disc florets and no ray florets. Liatris is in the subtribe Liatrinae along with Trilisa, Carphephorus, and other genera.[7][8] Liatris is closely related to Garberia, a genus with only one species endemic to Florida. The two genera can be distinguished by the shrub form of the latter and by karyotype.[9]

Species[edit]

Species in the genus include:[1][5][6][10][11][12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist Archived 2014-12-17 at Archive.is
  2. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book. 1995. 606–07.
  3. ^ Schreber, Johann Christian Daniel von. 1791. Genera Plantarum 2: 542
  4. ^ "Liatris". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden. 
  5. ^ a b c d Nesom, Guy L. (2006). "Liatris". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee. Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 21. New York and Oxford – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. 
  6. ^ a b "Liatris". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. 
  7. ^ Schmidt, G. J. and E. E. Schilling (2000). "Phylogeny and biogeography of Eupatorium (Asteraceae: Eupatorieae) based on nuclear ITS sequence data". American Journal of Botany. Botanical Society of America. 87 (5): 716–726. doi:10.2307/2656858. JSTOR 2656858. PMID 10811796. 
  8. ^ "Asteraceae subtribe Liatrinae". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). 
  9. ^ Lamont, Eric E. (2006). "Garberia". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee. Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 21. New York and Oxford – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. 
  10. ^ GRIN Species Records of Liatris. GRIN.
  11. ^ "Liatris". County-level distribution maps from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014. 
  12. ^ Turner, B. L. 1997. The Comps of Mexico: A systematic account of the family Asteraceae, vol. 1 – Eupatorieae. Phytologia Memoirs 11: i–iv, 1–272