Lillafüred (Miskolc-Lillafüred) is a town in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, Hungary. Officially it is a part of Miskolc, actually it is almost 12 kilometres away from the city, in the Bükk Mountains. Lillafüred is a tourist resort.
Count András Bethlen, the minister of agriculture, decided in the 1890s to build a holiday resort near Lake Hámori. The resort was named after his niece, Erzsébet (nicknamed: "Lilla") Vay, who was the sister of the then-ispán, or count, of Borsod County, Elemér Vay. The Palace Hotel was built by István Bethlen.
Palace Hotel (Palotaszálló)
The Palace Hotel was designed by Kálmán Lux and was built between 1927 and 1930 in neo-Renaissance style. One of the restaurants of the hotel is a Renaissance restaurant named after King Matthias. Its stained glass windows show the castles of historical Hungary. The hotel is surrounded by a large park with rare plants.
The hanging gardens are below the hotel, between the streams Szinva and Garadna. The highest waterfall in Hungary, at 20 meters in height, can be found here. The waterfall itself is artificial, normal it would run under the cliff built by the water. The internal water tubes formed the "Anna Cave" at the bottom.
There are three natural caves not far from the hotel:
- Anna Cave, with plant fossils preserved in limestone;
- István Cave, a large dripstone cave;
- Szeleta Cave, a cave where many Paleolithic relics were found.
The artificial lake was formed in the early 19th century by the damming of the water of Szinva and Garadna, to supply the iron furnace with water. The lake is 1.5 kilometres long. In the summer, boats and paddle boats can be rented.
Ottó Herman's House
A small museum dedicated to the well-known ornithologist and polyhistor. (Not to be confused with Ottó Herman Museum, which is in the downtown.)
There are two different local legends explaining why is there a crucifix on the top of the rock. According to the more well-known one the daughter of the rich miller and her beloved, the miller's poor apprentice jumped down from the rock because her parents didn't allow them to marry. The other legend says an old miller jumped down the rock when he learned that his young wife is cheating on him. This second version is lesser known, but it was mentioned by the famous author Mór Jókai in one of his books.
The area south from Lillafüred Valley got its name ("marsh of the white stone") after a rock, which provides views of the area, and a nearby marsh. The place is within the Bükk National Park. There is a guest house there, too, which is shown in Vilmos Kondor's novel Budapest Noir.
A trout farm is a few kilometres away from Lillafüred, and from which visitors can buy freshly grilled or smoked trout. The farm is closed on Monday to visitors. The narrow-gauge train that departs from Miskolc makes a stop at the farm on the days it is open. The stop is after the main Lillafüred stop.
Used by rock climbers, climbing competitions are held at Hámor Rock every January.
- Population: 481
- Postal code: 3517
- Distance from downtown Miskolc: 11,6 km
How to get there
- By MVK buses 5 and 15 from Miskolc-Diósgyőr
- By Borsod Volán's bus heading to Bükkszentkereszt
- Narrow-gauge railway from Miskolc-Diósgyőr. (LÁÉV: Lillafüredi Állami Erdei Vasút; Lillafüred Forest State Railway)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lillafüred.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Lillafüred.|