Limes Transalutanus

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Roman Dacia
Limes Transalutanus (red dotted line) shown in modern Romania
Forts on Limes Transalutanus

Limes Transalutanus[1] is the modern name given to a fortified frontier system of the Roman Empire, built on the western edge of Teleorman's forests as part of the Dacian Limes in the Roman province of Dacia, modern-day Romania.

The Limes Transalutanus, of 250 km length,[2] was needed to shorten the line of communication to the strategic fort at Angustia by almost 30 per cent compared to the earlier route via the Limes Alutanus.[3]

The Limes dates from the first half of the 3rd century AD and was in use for probably almost a generation, from the reign of Caracalla to Philip the Arab.[4] Between 244–247, under Philip the Arab, after the Carpian and Getae (or Goths, attacks, the Roman Imperial army abandoned the limes for some time. They returned to the limes, but closed the road to the Rucăr-Bran pass, the same starting from the modern village of Băiculeşti.

The frontier was composed of a road following the border linking military forts and towers, a 3 m high vallum 10–12 m wide reinforced with wooden palisades on stone walls and also a ditch. The Transalutanus limes was 235 km long, parallel to Olt river at a distance varying from 5 to 30 km east of the river.

Later, another limes was built in the area, known as Brazda lui Novac.

Today the vallum is used by the Romanian railroad Curtea de Argeş-Piteşti-Roşiori de Vede-Turnu Măgurele.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Technological challenges on the Limes Transalutanus, Eugen S. Teodor, Dan Ştefan, https://www.antiquity.ac.uk/projgall/teodor342
  2. ^ Măndescu, Dragoş. “Then and Now. The Limes Transalutanus 130 Years after Its Discovery.” BEITRÄGE ZUM WELTERBE LIMES Bayerisches Landesamt für Denkmalpflege · Deutsche Limeskommission Limes XXIII Proceedings of the 23rd International Congress of Roman Frontier Studies Ingolstadt 2015, C. Sebastian Sommer, Suzana Matešic (Hrsg.) · In Kommission: Nünnerich-Asmus Verlag · Mainz (2018)
  3. ^ TEODOR, E.S. 2013. Uriaşul invizibil: Limes Transalutanus. O reevaluare la sud de râul Argeş. Târgovişte: Editura Cetatea de Scaun
  4. ^ C. C. Petolescu, Auxilia dacica. Contribuție la istoria militară a Daciei Roma- ne (Bucharest 2002) p55

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