List of Anglo-Saxon deities

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Anglo-Saxon deities refers to the gods and goddesses worshipped in the religion of Anglo-Saxon paganism, by the Anglo-Saxons, a group of Germanic tribes (the Angles, Saxons and Jutes) who settled in England in the 5th century. Here is a list of deities, in alphabetical order:

Anglo-Saxon Old High German Norse Characteristics & Associations Attestations
Bældæg Balder Baldr god of light, truth, love, peace, and forgiveness
Ēostre *Ôstarâ (putative) none disputed: probably goddess of the dawn Easter; Bede's De Temporum Ratione[1]
Erce *Nerþuz likely Jörð goddess of the earth/the earth itself Tacitus's De Origine et situ Germanorum[2]
Frige Frija Frigg and, possibly, Freyja Friday
Gēat Gausus Gautr Unknown
Hretha none none disputed: possibly goddess of the earth Bede's De Temporum Ratione[3]
Mōna Māne Máni god of the moon Monday
Ing; possibly Frea Yngvi-Freyr Old English Runic Poem
Seaxnēat Saxnôte none presumed founder of the Saxon tribe
Sunne Sigel Sól goddess of the sun Sunday
Þunor Donar Þórr god of the sky and thunder Thursday
Tīw Zîu Týr god of war Tuesday
Wōden Wuotan Óðinn leader of the gods Wednesday
Nine Herbs Charm
Wuldor *Wulþuz Ullr not actually used as the name of any pagan deity in Old English sources; means "glory"; was often used in later times as a name for the Christian God

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bede. De Temporum Ratione 15. translated by Faith Wallis. "Eosturmonath has a name which is now translated "Paschal month", and which was once called after a goddess of theirs named Eostre, in whose honour feasts were celebrated in that month. Now they designate that Paschal season by her name, calling the joys of the new rite by the time-honoured name of the old observance."
  2. ^ Tacitus, Publius Cornelius. De Origine et situ Germanorum. translated by A.R. Birley. "There is nothing especially noteworthy about these states individually, but they are distinguished by a common worship of Nerthus, that is, Mother Earth, and believes that she intervenes in human affairs and rides through their peoples."
  3. ^ Bede. De Temporum Ratione 15. translated by Faith Wallis. "... Hrethmonath is named for their goddess Hretha, to whom they sacrificed at this time."