List of Caribbean aerophones

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List of aerophones used in Caribbean music, including the islands of the Caribbean Sea, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Belize, and Bermuda.

Instrument Tradition Complete classification Description
accordion[1]
Dominican Republic 4 Used in popular merengue, where it replaced the guitar.
accordion[1]
Belize 3 Used in Belizean Brukdown.
bois bourrique See vaccine -
botija[2][3]
botijuela, bunga
Cuba 4 Empty jug, sometimes with a hole on the side, used in rural folk genres like son
botijuela See botija -
bugle[4]
Trinidad and Tobago 4 Original source of the melody in steelpan
bunga See botija -
cayambouque[5]
Haiti 4 Cow horn, used for signalling
clarinet[6]
Trinidad and Tobago 4 Used in traditional calypso
clarinet[7]
Trinidad and Tobago 4 Later addition to the tamboo bamboo ensembles
conchshell[5]
{{{Other names}}}
Garifuna music 423.110 Conch shell horn, used for signalling, trational drumming.
cornet[6]
Trinidad and Tobago 4 Used in traditional calypso
flute[1]
Dominican Republic 4 Used to accompany upper-class merengue in the later 19th century
harmonium[7]
Indo-Caribbean 4 Used in chutney music
kartal[7]
Trinidad and Tobago 4 Harmonium, used in chutney
lambis[5]
Haiti 423.11 Conch shell horn, used for signalling
saxophone[3]
Garifuna music 4 Used in Garifuna Punta
saxophone[1]
Dominican Republic, Cuba, 4 Used in merengue, where it is the main instrumentation for the jaleo. Used in popular Cuban bands.
trumpet[2][3]
Cuba 4 Used in comparsa pre-Easter celebrations
trumpet[7]
Trinidad and Tobago 4 Later addition to the tamboo bamboo ensembles
trumpet[8]
Trinidad and Tobago 4 Used in the Spiritual Baptist musical tradition
vaccine[5]
bois borrique
Haiti 423 Made of bamboo
von-von[5]
Haiti 412.22 Bullroarer, used in Rara ceremonies

References[edit]

  • Manuel, Peter (1988). Popular Musics of the Non-Western World: An Introductory Survey. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-506334-1. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Manuel, pg. 43
  2. ^ a b Courlander, Harold (April 1942). "Musical Instruments of Cuba" (PDF). The Musical Quarterly 28 (2): 227–240. doi:10.1093/mq/XXVIII.2.227. 
  3. ^ a b c Manuel, pg. 30
  4. ^ Brown, Ernest D. (1990). "Carnival, Calypso, and Steelband in Trinidad". The Black Perspective in Music 18 (1/2): 81–100. doi:10.2307/1214859. JSTOR 1214859. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Courlander, Harold (July 1941). "Musical Instruments of Haiti". The Musical Quarterly 27 (3): 371–383. doi:10.1093/mq/XXVII.3.371. 
  6. ^ a b Manuel, pg. 79
  7. ^ a b c d Ramnarine, Tina K. (1998). "Brotherhood of the Boat: Musical Dialogues in a Caribbean Context". British Journal of Ethnomusicology 7: 1–22. doi:10.1080/09681229808567270. JSTOR 3060707. 
  8. ^ Glazier, Stephen D. (Spring–Summer 1997). "Embedded Truths: Creativity and Context in Spiritual Baptist Music". Latin American Music Review / Revista de Música Latinoamericana (University of Texas Press) 18 (1): 44–56. doi:10.2307/780325. JSTOR 780325.