List of Mars analogs
This is list of Mars analogs, which simulate aspects of the conditions human beings could experience during a future mission to Mars.
For example, in the 1960s the Soviets confined three cosmonauts for a year to prepare for longer space missions. Modern examples include an 120-day study in Hawaii to test a space food diet, and equipment tests inside Austrian mountain caves in 2012.
Mars analogs are sometimes chosen for their location, for example, Devon island is at 75°N latitude which provides solar radiance similar to the Martian Equator. Similarly, high altitudes can provide an equivalent to the low pressure of the Mars atmosphere
Among these are:
- Mars-500, simulated a 520-day mission in Moscow.
- Mars Analogue Research Station Program, simulated Mars habitats
- Arctic Mars Analog Svalbard Expedition, annual expeditions to remote sites
- Concordia Station, multi-purpose Arctic base
- HI-SEAS, crewed tests in Hawaiian mountains.
- NEEMO, underwater base.
At about 28 miles (45 km) Earth altitude the pressure starts to be equivalent to Mars.
- Mars analog habitat
- Category:Human spaceflight analogs
- Research stations in Antarctica
- Space station
- Timeline of longest spaceflights
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