List of New York Cosmos (1970–85) seasons
The New York Cosmos were an American soccer club based in New York. The side was originally created in 1971 by brothers Ahmet and Nesuhi Ertegun, with the support of Warner Brothers president Steve Ross. The new team entered the North American Soccer League (NASL), which was in its fourth season. Bankrolled by parent company Warner Communications, the Cosmos became the NASL's most successful side, winning a record five championships in front of the league's largest crowds. The team included international stars signed from European and South American clubs, including Brazilians Pelé and Carlos Alberto, West German Franz Beckenbauer, Italian striker Giorgio Chinaglia and many others.
When the team was sold by Warner in 1983, to a Chinaglia-owned consortium, the Cosmos' financial resources were reduced dramatically, causing the sale of the majority of the team's key players. As a result, on-the-field performance also declined. The Cosmos also entered the Major Indoor Soccer League for the 1984–85 indoor season, but left mid-year after disappointing gates. After the NASL folded in March 1985, the team attempted to operate independently but played its final game in 1985 before folding. A new incarnation of the Cosmos, formed in 2010, is scheduled to make its debut in the new second-tier North American Soccer League (contested since 2011) during the 2013 season.
|Season||Regular season||Play-offs||TC||Top scorer[A]|
In the winter of 1975, the NASL organized a two-tiered, 16 team indoor tournament with four regional winners meeting in a "final-four" style championship. The New York Cosmos won their region at the Rochester War Memorial Arena by virtue of a tie-breaker, but lost both the semi-final and the third-place matches at the Cow Palace to Tampa Bay and Dallas respectively.
|Season||Regular season||Play-offs||Top scorer[A]|
- A. a b The "top scorer" given is the top scorer of points. Goals scored two points, and assists one. These figures include the regular season only.
- B. ^ Starting in 1975, tied games were decided by a shootout.
- C. ^ The NASL's indoor seasons used the games behind system rather than points to rank the teams. The 1983–84 indoor season counted both goals and assists as one point.
- D. ^ The Cosmos did not enter an indoor league for the 1982–83 season.
- E. ^ The Cosmos pulled out of the Major Indoor Soccer League (MISL) after 33 games, citing low attendances. The MISL also used the games behind system, and ranked both goals and assists as one point.
NASL scoring system
Indoor soccer features six players per team as opposed to the standard eleven, and is played without an offside rule on an artificial field of play. The pitch is far smaller than that used in regular soccer, with a regulation size of 200 feet by 85 feet, identical to a North American ice hockey rink. The goals and penalty areas are also scaled down. Instead of two halves of 45 minutes each, matches are divided into four quarters of 15 minutes.
- Newsham, Gavin (2006). Once in a Lifetime: The Incredible Story of the New York Cosmos. New York, New York: Grove Press. ISBN 0-8021-4288-5.
- Background sourced to: Newsham (2006).
- NASL statistics sourced to: Whitney, David. "North American Soccer League". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
- Top scorers sourced to: Litterer, David. "American Soccer History Archives". American Soccer History Archives. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
- MISL statistics sourced to: Litterer, David. "Major Indoor Soccer League I". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
- Trans-Atlantic Cup statistics sourced to: Courtney, Barrie. "Trans-Atlantic Challenge Tournament". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 2011-02-17.
- Lindgren, Hugo (2006-06-25). "Pinup Goalie: Shep Messing". New York Movies. New York, New York: New York Media LLC. Retrieved 2009-06-16.
- Ogden, Mark (2011-01-19). "Eric Cantona's appointment at the New York Cosmos part of battle to restore football to heart of the Big Apple". The Daily Telegraph. London: Telegraph Media Group Ltd. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
- "Soccer Hall of Fame Historian Allaway Pens Book on the New York Cosmos and Bethlehem Steel". Oneonta, New York: Hall of Fame Network. 2009-06-08. Archived from the original on 2010-06-17. Retrieved 2009-06-16.
- "Sports People; Fewer Kicks". The New York Times. New York, New York. 1986-08-01. Retrieved 2010-08-04.
- O'Brien, Seamus (2012-07-12). "New York Cosmos Returns to NASL". nycosmos.com. New York City: New York Cosmos. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
- O'Mard, Marcus Kwesi (2012-07-12). "Report: New York Cosmos Plan to Make NASL Return in 2013". Watertown, Massachusetts: New England Sports Network. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
- Litterer (American Soccer History Archives).
- Litterer (Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation).
- Newsham (2006).