List of Parliaments of Ireland

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This is a list of Parliaments of Ireland to 1801. For subsequent Parliaments, see the list of Parliaments of the United Kingdom. For post-1918 Parliaments, see elections in Ireland. Parliaments before 1264 are not currently listed.

Monarch Sequence Opened Dismissed Commons Speaker (date[n 1]) Sessions General Councils Councils Locations (no. sessions) Notes
Henry III 1 18 June 1264 c.29 September 1269 None 2 Castledermot
Edward I 1 29 September 1276 9 April 1307 19 1 Dublin (13); Kildare (1); Kilkenny (4) "Wogan's Parliament" of 1297 was the first with representatives elected by counties.
Edward II 1 9 February 1310 8 July 1326 14 Dublin (6), Kildare (1), Kilmainham (1), Kilkenny (5).
Edward III 1 10 May 1327 8 January 1377 29 8 9 Dublin (20), Ballydoyle/Cashel (1), Kilkenny (11). The Statutes of Kilkenny were passed by the 1366 session.
Richard II 1 14 January 1378 Summer 1396 13 5 11 Dublin (4), Trim (1), Kilkenny (2), Castledermot (4).
Henry IV 1 Spring 1401 4 February 1412 13 2 5 Dublin (7), New Ross (1), Kilkenny (2) Waterford (2).
Henry VI 1 1425 9 February 1459 32 17 1 Dublin (25), Trim (1), Naas (2), Drogheda (5), Kilkenny (1).
Henry VI 2 7 February 1460 21 July 1460 Drogheda (1), Dublin The parliament was assembled by Richard of York and declared that "the land of Ireland is, and at all times has been, corporate of itself".[1][2] The 1495 statute 10 Henry VII c.23 annulled this parliament.[3]
Edward IV 1 12 June 1461 after 7 February 1483 61 Dublin (31), Bray (1), Trim (2), Naas (5), Limerick (1), Drogheda (15), Connell, County Kildare (1), Wexford (1), Waterford (1)
Richard III 1 19 March 1484 After 1485 6 2 Dublin (3), Naas.
Henry VII 1 14 July 1486 after July 1509 20 1 1 Dublin (9), Castledermot (2), Trim (2), Drogheda (4). Passed Poynings' Law in 1495
Henry VIII 1 25 February 1516 2 October 1516 3 Dublin (3)
Henry VIII 2 4 June 1521 21 March 1522 7 Dublin (7)
Henry VIII 3 15 September 1531 31 October 1531 2 Dublin (1), Drogheda (1)
Henry VIII 4 19 May 1533 after 2 October 1533 3 Dublin (3)
Henry VIII 5 1 May 1536 20 December 1537 At least 9 Dublin (at least 6) Kilkenny (1), Cashel (1), Limerick (1)
Henry VIII 6 13 June 1541 19 November 1543 Sir Thomas Cusack (c. 13 June 1541) 8 Dublin (6), Trim (1), Limerick (1) Passed the Crown of Ireland Act 1542
Mary I 1 1 June 1557 1 March 1558 James Stanihurst 3 Dublin (1), Limerick (1), Drogheda (1)
Elizabeth I 1 12 January 1560 1 February 1560 James Stanihurst 1 Dublin
Elizabeth I 2 17 January 1569 25 April 1571 James Stanihurst 10 Dublin (9), Drogheda (1)
Elizabeth I 3 26 April 1585 14 May 1586 Nicholas Walsh 7
James I 1 18 May 1613 24 October 1615 Sir John Davies 3 First Irish parliament with a Protestant majority, achieved largely (following the Ulster plantation) by the creation of new boroughs by the king, many of which were little more than villages or empty plots of land.[4]
Charles I 1 14 July 1634 18 April 1635 Sir Nathaniel Catelyn 4
Charles I 2 16 March 1639 30 January 1649[5] List Sir Maurice Eustace 6
Interregnum 30 Irish MPs sat at Westminster in the Protectorate Parliament (1653–59)
Charles II 1 8 May 1661 7 August 1666 List Sir Audley Mervyn 4
James II 1 7 May 1689 18 July 1689 List Sir Richard Nagle 1 "Patriot Parliament" convened by Jacobites after the Revolution of 1688. The Irish act 7 Will. 3 c. 3 (1695) annulled all actions of this "pretended Parliament" and ordered its records burnt.[6][7]
William III and Mary II 1 5 October 1692 26 June 1693 List Sir Richard Levinge 1
William III 2 27 August 1695 14 June 1699 List Robert Rochfort 2
Anne 1 21 September 1703 6 May 1713 List Alan Brodrick 6
John Forster (19 May 1710)
Anne 2 25 November 1713 1 August 1714 List Alan Brodrick 1 Dissolved by the death of the Queen
George I 1 12 November 1715 11 June 1727 List William Conolly 6 Dissolved by the death of the King
George II 1 28 November 1727 25 October 1760 List William Conolly 17 Dissolved by the death of the King
Sir Ralph Gore (13 October 1729)
Henry Boyle (4 October 1733)
John Ponsonby (26 April 1756)
George III 1 22 October 1761 28 May 1768 List John Ponsonby 4 The Octennial Act passed in 1768 limited parliaments to a term of 8 years at most
George III 2 17 October 1769 5 April 1776 List John Ponsonby 5
Edmund Sexton Pery (7 March 1771)
George III 3 18 June 1776 25 July 1783 List Edmund Sexton Pery 4 The Constitution of 1782 instigated "Grattan's Parliament"
George III 4 14 October 1783 8 April 1790 List Edmund Sexton Pery 7
John Foster (5 September 1785)
George III 5 2 July 1790 11 July 1797 List John Foster 8
George III 6 9 January 1798 31 December 1800 List John Foster 3 Dissolved by the Acts of Union 1800
  1. ^ Where no date is given, the speaker took the chair at the opening of Parliament

The Kingdoms of Ireland and Great Britain joined on 1 January 1801. For subsequent Parliaments see the list of Parliaments of the United Kingdom.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lydon, James F. (Summer 1995). "'Ireland Corporate of itself' the Parliament of 1460". History Ireland. 3 (2). JSTOR 27724246. 
  2. ^ Curtis, Edmund; McDowell, Robert Brendan (1968). Irish historical documents, 1172-1922. Barnes & Noble. p. 73. Retrieved 20 August 2011. 
  3. ^ Ireland (1765). "Chap. XXIII An Act repealing a Parliament holden at Drogheda, before Robert Prestone, lord of Gormanstowne. Rot. Parl. cap. 40". The Statutes at Large: From the third year of Edward the Second, A.D. 1310, to the eleventh, twelfth and thirteenth years of James the First, A.D. 1612, inclusive. Vol.1. B. Grierson. p. 57. Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  4. ^ Clarke, Aidan (1976). A New History of Ireland, Volume III, Early Modern Ireland, 1534-1691, edited by T. W. Moody, F.X. Martin and F.J. Byrne. Oxford : Clarendon Press. p. 213. 
  5. ^ Dissolved by the King's death
  6. ^ Statutes Passed in the Parliaments Held in Ireland: 1665-1712. George Grierson, printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty. 1794. pp. 241–3. 
  7. ^ Davis, Thomas Osborne. "The Irish Parliament of James II". CELT. University College Cork. p. 54. Retrieved 18 May 2017.