List of provinces of ancient Japan
||It has been suggested that this article be merged into Provinces of Japan. (Discuss) Proposed since August 2016.|
The provinces of ancient Japan (令制国 Ryōseikoku) were in effect from the 7th century until the Meiji Period. The list is based on the Gokishichidō (五畿七道), which includes short-lived provinces. Provinces located within Hokkaidō are listed last. To date, no official order has been issued abolishing the ancient provinces. Nonetheless, today they are considered obsolete. What follows is a list of the individual provinces along with some details.
- 1 Goki (五畿, Five Provinces in Capital Region)
- 2 Shichido (七道, Seven Circuits)
- 3 Hachidō (八道, Eight Circuits)
- 4 Related links
- 5 External links
Goki (五畿 Five Provinces in Capital Region)
- Yamashiro (Jōshū, Sanshū, Yōshū) (山城国 (城州, 山州, 雍州))
- Yamato (Washū) (大和国 (和州))
- Kawachi (Kashū) (河内国 (河州))
- Izumi (Senshū) (和泉国 (泉州)) - Created in 716 from Kawachi Province as Izumi Gen (和泉監). Although occupied by Kawachi Province in 740, in 757 the province divided again from Kawachi Province.
- Settsu (Sesshū) (摂津国 (摂州))
Shichido (七道 Seven Circuits)
- Iga (Ishū) (伊賀国 (伊州)) - Separated from Ise Province in 680.
- Ise (Seishū) (伊勢国 (勢州))
- Shima (Shishū) (志摩国 (志州)) - Separated from Ise Province at the beginning of the 8th century.
- Owari (Bishū) (尾張国 (尾州))
- Mikawa (Sanshū) (三河国 (三州))
- Tōtōmi (Enshū) (遠江国 (遠州))
- Suruga (Sunshū) (駿河国 (駿州))
- Izu (Zushū) (伊豆国 (豆州)) - Separated from Suruga Province in 680.
- Kai (Kōshū) (甲斐国 (甲州))
- Sagami (Sōshū) (相模国 (相州))
- Musashi (Bushū) (武蔵国 (武州)) - Transferred from Tōsandō to Tōkaidō in 771
- Awa (Bōshū, Anshū) (安房国 (房州, 安州)) - Divided from Kazusa Province in 718. Although re-joined to Kazusa Province in 741, Separated from Kazusa Province again in 781.
- Kazusa (Sōshū) (上総国 (総州)) - Divided from Fusa Province (総国) in the 7th century.
- Shimōsa (Sōshū) (下総国 (総州)) - Divided from Fusa Province in the 7th century.
- Hitachi (Jōshū) (常陸国 (常州))
- Ōmi (Gōshū) (近江国 (江州))
- Mino (Nōshū) (美濃国 (濃州))
- Hida (Hishū) (飛騨国 (飛州))
- Shinano (Shinshū) (信濃国 (信州))
- Kōzuke (Jōshū) (上野国 (上州)) - Divided from Keno Province (毛野国) during the 4th century.
- Shimotsuke (Yashū) (下野国 (野州)) - Divided from Keno Province during the 4th century.
- Dewa (Ushū) (出羽国 (羽州)) - Broke Dewa District in Echigo Province and create Dewa Province in 712. On October of the same year, Mogami and Okitama Districts in Mutsu Province merged into Dewa Province.
- Mutsu (Ōshū, Rikushū) (陸奥国 (奥州, 陸州)) - Split off from Hitachi Province in the 7th century.
Hokurikudō (北陸道 North Land Circuit)
- Wakasa (Jakushū) (若狭国 (若州))
- Echizen (Esshū) (越前国 (越州)) - Broke off from Koshi Province (越国) during the end of the 7th century.
- Kaga (Kashū) (加賀国 (加州)) - Divided from Echizen Province in 823.
- Noto (Nōshū) (能登国 (能州)) - Divided from Echizen Province in 718. Although occupied by Etchu Province in 741, Divided from Etchu Province in 757.
- Etchū (Esshū) (越中国 (越州)) - Broke off from Koshi Province during the end of the 7th century.
- Echigo (Esshū) (越後国 (越州)) - Broke off from Koshi Province during the end of the 7th century.
- Sado (Sashū, Toshū) (佐渡国 (佐州, 渡州)) - Although occupied by Echigo in 743, Divided from Echigo in 752.
- Tanba (Tanshū) (丹波国 (丹州))
- Tango (Tanshū) (丹後国 (丹州)) - Divided from Tamba in 713.
- Tajima (Tanshū) (但馬国 (但州))
- Inaba (Inshū) (因幡国 (因州))
- Hōki (Hakushū) (伯耆国 (伯州))
- Izumo (Unshū) (出雲国 (雲州))
- Iwami (Sekishū) (石見国 (石州))
- Oki (Onshū, Inshū) (隠岐国 (隠州))
- Harima (Banshū) (播磨国 (播州))
- Mimasaka (Sakushū) (美作国 (作州)) - Divided from Bizen Province in 713.
- Bizen (Bishū) (備前国 (備州)) - Broke off from Kibi (吉備国) during the 2nd half of the 7th century.
- Bitchū (Bishū) (備中国 (備州)) - Broke off from Kibi Province during the 2nd half of the 7th century.
- Bingo (Bishū) (備後国 (備州)) - Broke off from Kibi Province during the 2nd half of the 7th century.
- Aki (Geishū) (安芸国 (芸州))
- Suō (Bōshū) (周防国 (防州))
- Nagato (Chōshū) (長門国 (長州))
- Kii (Kishū) (紀伊国 (紀州))
- Awaji (Tanshū) (淡路国 (淡州))
- Awa (Ashū) (阿波国 (阿州))
- Sanuki (Sanshū) (讃岐国 (讃州))
- Iyo (Yoshū) (伊予国 (予州))
- Tosa (Doshū) (土佐国 (土州))
Equivalent to Kyushu and its surroundings.
- Buzen (Hōshū) (豊前国 (豊州)) - Broke off from Toyo Province (豊国) at the end of the 7th century.
- Bungo (Hōshū) (豊後国 (豊州)) - Broke off from Toyo Province at the end of the 7th century.
- Chikuzen (Chikushū) (筑前国 (筑州)) - Broke off from Tsukushi Province (筑紫国) until the end of the 7th century.
- Chikugo (Chikushū) (筑後国 (筑州)) - Broke off from Tsukushi Province until the end of the 7th century.
- Hizen (Hishū) (肥前国 (肥州)) - Broke off from Hi Province (火国) until the end of the 7th century.
- Higo (Hishū) (肥後国 (肥州)) - Broke off from Hi Province until the end of the 7th century.
- Hyūga (Nisshū, Kōshū) (日向国 (日州, 向州)) - Renamed Kumaso Province (熊曾国) during 4th to the 7th century.
- Ōsumi (Gūshū) (大隈国 (隈州)) - Divided from Hyūga Province in 713.
- Satsuma (Sasshū) (薩摩国 (薩州)) - Divided from Hyūga Province in 702.
- Iki (Isshū) (壱岐国 (壱州)) - Officially Iki no Shima (壱岐嶋).
- Tsushima (Taishū) (対馬国 (対州)) - Officially Tsushima no Shima (対馬嶋).
Hachidō (八道 Eight Circuits)
- Oshima (渡島国)
- Shiribeshi (後志国)
- Iburi (胆振国)
- Ishikari (石狩国)
- Teshio (天塩国)
- Kitami (北見国)
- Hidaka (日高国)
- Tokachi (十勝国)
- Kushiro (釧路国)
- Nemuro (根室国)
- Chishima (千島国) - After the Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1875), Japan added north of Urup Island and placed Uruppu (得撫郡), Shimushiru (新知郡), and Shumushu (占守郡) Districts.
- Kokushi (officials)
- Provinces of Japan
- Demographics of Japan before Meiji Restoration
- Han (administrative division)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Maps of the former provinces of Japan.|