List of consorts of Holstein-Gottorp

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See Also: Dukes of Holstein-Gottorp

The Duchesses of Holstein-Gottorp were the consorts of the rulers of Holstein-Gottorp.

Duchess consort of Schleswig and Holstein in Gottorp, 1544–1713[edit]

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
Christine de Hesse.jpg Christine of Hesse Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse
29 June 1543 17 December 1564 1 October 1586
husband's death
13 May 1604 Adolf
Augusta de Danemark.jpg Augusta of Denmark Frederick II of Denmark
8 April 1580 30 August 1596 31 March 1616
husband's death
5 February 1639 John Adolf
Marie Elisabeth de Saxe.jpg Marie Elisabeth of Saxony John George I, Elector of Saxony
22 November 1610 21 February 1630 10 August 1659
husband's death
24 October 1684 Frederick III
Frederica Amalia of Denmark.jpg Frederika Amalia of Denmark Frederick III of Denmark
11 April 1649 24 October 1667 6 January 1695
husband's death
30 October 1704 Christian Albert
Hedvig Sofia by a follower of David von Krafft David ( 1655-1724).jpg Hedvig Sophia of Sweden Charles XI of Sweden
26 June 1681 12 May 1698 19 July 1702
husband's death
22 December 1708 Frederick IV

Duchess consort of Holstein-Gottorp, since 1713[edit]

Reigning Duchess consort of Holstein-Gottorp, 1713–1773
Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Duchess Ceased to be Duchess Death Spouse
Anna Petrovna of Russia by L.Caravaque (1725, Tretyakov gallery).jpg Anna Petrovna of Russia Peter I of Russia
27 January 1708 22 November 1724 4 March 1728 Charles Frederick
Antropov Ek Alex.jpg Sophie of Anhalt-Zerbst
Christian August, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst
2 May 1729 21 August 1745 17 July 1762
husband's death
17 November 1796 Charles Peter Ulrich

Titular Duchess consort of Holstein-Gottorp[edit]

Natalia Alexeievna of Russia by A.Roslin (1776, Hermitage).jpg Wilhelmina Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
25 June 1755 29 September 1773 15 April 1776 Paul I
Maria Fedorovna by Voille (1790s, Russian museum).jpg Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg
Friedrich II Eugen, Duke of Württemberg
25 October 1759 26 September 1776 23 March 1801
husband's death
5 November 1828
Empress Elisabeth Alexeievna by Vigee-Le Brun (1795, Castle of Wolfsgarten).jpg Louise of Baden
Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
24 January 1779 28 September 1793 23 March 1801
husband's accession
1 December 1825
husband's death
16 May 1826 Alexander I
Joanna Grudzińska 1.JPG Joanna Grudzińska Antoni Grudziński 17 May 1795 27 May 1820 1 December 1825
husband's accession
27 June 1831
husband's death
17 November 1831 Constantine I
Alexandra Fedorovna in yellow Russian dress (1836, A.Malyukov, Hermitage).jpg Charlotte of Prussia
Frederick William III of Prussia
13 July 1798 13 July 1817 1 December 1825
husband's accession
2 March 1855
husband's death
1 November 1860 Nicholas I
Maria Alexandrovna by Winterhalter (1857, Hermitage).jpg Marie of Hesse and by Rhine
Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse
(Hesse and by Rhine)
8 August 1824 16 April 1841 2 March 1855
husband's accession
8 June 1880 Alexander II
Maria Feodorovna (Dagmar of Denmark).jpg Dagmar of Denmark
Christian IX of Denmark
26 November 1847 9 November 1866 13 March 1881
husband's accession
1 November 1894
husband's death
13 October 1928 Alexander III
Alexandra Fyodorovna LOC 01137u.jpg Alix of Hesse and by Rhine
Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse
(Hesse and by Rhine)
6 June 1872 26 November 1894 17 July 1918
husband's death
minutes after Nicholas II
Vitoria Melita.JPG Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
(Saxe-Coburg and Gotha)
25 November 1876 8 October 1905 17 July 1918
husband's accession
2 March 1936 Cyril I
Leonida Georgievna Bagration-Moukhransky
Prince George Bagration of Mukhrani
23 September 1914 13 August 1948 21 April 1992
husband's accession
- Vladimir I
The usual understanding (sources include: Stair Sainty, Theroff) is that the heir is the non-dynastic son of Grand Duke Dimitri, only son of Grand Duke Paul, himself the youngest brother of Alexander III. This heir is non-dynastic in the Russian sense, but the House of Oldenburg had no full limitations against unequal marriages, and Schleswig, where the (once sovereign) Schloss Gottorf is located, was never part of Holy Roman Empire and under its jurisdiction. These heirs live in USA and have not staked a public claim to titles. If Grand Duke Dmitri's marriage with Audrey Emery is considered unacceptable to Holstein titular succession, the question that arises is which of the various Romanov branches will be accepted. Presumably, marriages with countesses and princesses are at least acceptable, and thus male-line heirs exist. However, if all marriages deemed morganatic by Russian standards are unacceptable in the Gottorp succession, the next in the line of succession is Anton Gunther, Duke of Oldenburg, who is the current head of the branch descending from Christian August, Prince of Holstein-Eutin, the younger brother of Duke Frederick IV. He already holds claim to the defunct Grand Duchy of Oldenburg.
Angelica Philippa Kauffmann - 21 June 1932 1 October 1952 21 April 1992
husband's accession
10 February 2004
husband's death
- Paul II
Martha Murray McDowell - 15 June 1952 22 September 1979 10 February 2004
husband's accession

Duchess consort of Oldenburg-Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp, 1773–1829[edit]


See also[edit]