List of largest infrared telescopes

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List of largest infrared telescopes, by diameter of entrance aperture, oriented towards large observatories dedicated to infrared astronomy.

Overall[edit]

Name Image Effective
aperture
m (in)
Wavelength
Coverage
Site Year Refs
VISTA VISTA at Paranal Eso0704b.tif 4.1 m (161″) 0.85 – 2.3 μm Paranal Obs., Chile 2008 [1]
UKIRT UKIRT at sunset.jpg 3.8 m (150″) Mauna Kea Obs., Hawaii 1978
Herschel Obs. 3.5 m (138″) 60-672 μm Space, Earth L2 2009 [2]
IRTF NASA Infrared Telescope Facility.jpg 3 m (118″) Mauna Kea, Hawaii 1979 [3]
SOFIA SOFIA ED10-0182-01 full.jpg 2.5 m (98.4 in) 747SP; Stratosphere 2010 [4][5]
WIRO WyomingInfraRedObservatory.jpg 2.3 m (90.6 in) Jelm mountain, 9656 ft. (2943m) 1977 [6]

Space telescopes only[edit]

Name Effective
aperture
cm (in)
Wavelength
Coverage
Year Refs
Herschel Obs. 350 cm (138″) 60-672 μm 2009 [2]
Hubble WFC3 240 cm 0.2-1.7 μm 2009
Spitzer 85 cm 3-180 μm 2003 [4]
Akari 68.5 cm 2-200 μm 2006 [4]
ISO 60 cm 2.5-240 μm 1996 [4]
IRAS 57 cm 5-100 μm 1983 [4]
SWAS 44–70 cm 540 - 610 μm 1998
WISE 40 cm 3-25 μm 2010 [4]
MSX 33 cm 4.3-21 μm 1996 [7]
Human Eye* ~1 cm 0.39-0.75 μm -

*For comparison

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Emerson, J.P., Sutherland, W.J., McPherson, A.M., Craig, S.C., Dalton, G.B., Ward, A.K. (2005). The Visible & Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy. The Messenger
  2. ^ a b Amos, Jonathan (14 June 2009). "ESA launches Herschel and Planck space telescopes". BBC. Retrieved 10 November 2011. 
  3. ^ IRTF homepage
  4. ^ a b c d e f JPL: Herschel Space Observatory: Related Missions
  5. ^ Krabbe, Alfred (March 2007). "SOFIA telescope". Proceedings of SPIE: Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation. Munich, Germany: SPIE — The International Society for Optical Engineering. pp. 276–281. arXiv:astro-ph/0004253. 
  6. ^ University of Wyoming 2.3-meter Telescope (WIRO)
  7. ^ Wikipedia - Midcourse Space Experiment - November 29, 2012