List of lightships of the United States

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This is a list of lightships of the United States, listing lightships operated by the United States government. The first US lightship was put in place off of Willoughby Spit in Chesapeake Bay, Virginia, in 1820.[1] Lightships remained in service in the United States until March 29, 1985, when the last ship, the Nantucket I, was decommissioned.[2] During that period, lightships were operated by several branches of the government: by the Lighthouse Establishment from 1820 to 1852, the Lighthouse Board from 1852 to 1910, the Lighthouse Service from 1910 to 1939, and the Coast Guard from 1939 to 1985.

The naming conventions used for lightships are not consistent. Until 1867, there was no uniform method to refer to individual lightships. Lightships in that period generally took the name of the station that they served, but occasionally other names. These names were not permanently assigned to an individual vessel. Rather, whenever a lightship was moved to a new station she took on that name. That made identifying individual ships nearly impossible. Beginning in 1867, lightship numbers (hull numbers) were assigned to ships still in service. These numbers are the primary means of identifying individual lightships across her various stations. In 1938, the Lighthouse Service retroactively allocated letter codes to the unnumbered lightships based on their research of available records, although some ships may have been lost or misidentified.[3] Even with the hull numbers, it is common to refer to a lightship by the name of the station it serves (or Relief, if it is a relief ship) and a few, such as the Nantucket I and Nantucket II have been given individual names.

Lightships[edit]

Lightship LV-1 in 1907.
Lightship LV-2, c.1900.
Lightship LV-3 in 1907.
Lightship LV-71, c.1910.
Lightship LV-82 c.1915 after being raised
Designation Start Year End Year Stations Fate
Lightship A c. 1838 c. 1868 St. Helena Bar (1838 – 1859)
Combahee Bank (1859–1868)
Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship B 1821 1861 Smith Point (1821 – 1861) Sunk by the Confederate States Navy in 1861 [A] [3]
Lightship C 1820 c. 1859 Willoughby's Spit (1820)
Craney Island (1821 – 1859)
Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship D c. 1854 c. 1860 Frying Pan Shoal (1854 – 1860) Sunk or captured by the Confederate States Navy [A] [3]
Lightship E c. 1854 c. 1860 Rattlesnake Shoal (1854 – 1860) Sunk or captured by the Confederate States Navy [A] [3]
Lightship F c. 1849 after 1860 Ship Shoal (1849 – 1859)
Relief (1860 – Unknown)
Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship G c. 1865 1866 Cross Rip (1865 – 1866) Abandoned and sunk by December 30, 1866 [A] [3]
Lightship H c. 1828 1864 Cross Rip (1828 – 1864) Wrecked at Cape Poge, Martha's Vineyard in 1864 [A] [3]
Lightship K c. 1839 c. 1859 Martins Industry (1839 – 1855)
Calibouge Sound (1855 – 1859)
Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship L c. 1835 after 1849 Bartlett Reef (1835 – 1849)
Eel Grass Shoal (1849 – Unknown)
Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship M c. 1826 c. 1855 Wade Point Shoal (1826 – 1855) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship N 1823 c. 1855 Brandywine Shoal (1823 – 1850)
Minots Ledge (1851 – 1854)
Relief (1855)
Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship O c. 1835 1861 Bowlers Rock (1835 – 1861) Sunk or captured by the Confederate States Navy [A] [3]
Lightship P c. 1848 after 1848 Tybee Island Knoll (1848 – Unknown) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship Q 1821 c. 1847 Willoughby's Spit (1821 – 1847) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship R 1847 1867 Willoughby's Spit (1847 – 1867) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship S 1821 after 1821 Wolf Trap Shoal (1821 – Unknown) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship T 1856 1861 Wolf Trap / York Spit (1856 – 1861) Sunk or captured by the Confederate States Navy in 1861 [A] [3]
Lightship U c. 1834 1861 Windmill Point (1834 – 1861) Sunk or captured by the Confederate States Navy in 1861 [A] [3]
Lightship V c. 1863 1864 Fishing Rip (1863 – 1864) Captured during the American Civil War, and commandeered by the United States Navy from July 5, 1863 to March 1864. It is unknown what became of her after the war. [A] [3]
Lightship W c. 1847 1860 Merrills Shell Bank (1847 – 1860) Sunk by the Confederate States Navy in 1860 [A] [3]
Lightship X 1823 c. 1845 Upper Middle Shoal (1823 – 1845) May be Lightship LV-19, which was sunk in 1900 [A] [3]
Lightship Y c. 1857 c. 1861 Dames Point (1857 – 1861) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship Z 1847 c. 1860 Vineyard Sound (1847 – 1860) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship AA c. 1825 c. 1841 Carysfort Reef (1825 – 1841) May have been converted to a bell boat in 1841, but may have been two ships. (The first retired in 1830.) [A] [3]
Lightship BB c. 1841 c. 1852 Carysfort Reef (1841 – 1841) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship DD c. 1825 1861 Lower Cedar Point (1825 – 1861) Sunk or captured by the Confederate States Navy in 1861 [A] [3]
Lightship EE before 1859 c. 1859 Upper Cedar Point (Unknown – 1859) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship FF c. 1831 after 1831 Brant Island Shoal (1831 – Unknown) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship GG c. 1863 c. 1863 Brant Island Shoal (1863) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship HH c. 1828 c. 1862 Neuse River (1828 – 1862) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship JJ c. 1825 1861 Long Shoal (1825 – 1861) Sunk or captured by the Confederate States Navy in 1861 [A] [3]
Lightship KK c. 1864 c. 1867 Long Shoal (1864 – 1867) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship LL c. 1821 after 1821 Upper Cedar Point (1821 – Unknown) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship MM c. 1835 1861 Roanoke River (1835 – 1861) Sunk or captured by the Confederate States Navy in 1861 [A] [3]
Lightship NN c. 1838 c. 1854 Northwest Passage (1838 – 1854) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship PP c. 1846 c. 1853 Sand Key (1846 – 1853) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship QQ c. 1836 1861 Harbor Island (1836 – 1861) Sunk or captured by the Confederate States Navy in 1861 [A] [3]
Lightship RR c. 1835 c. 1861 Roanoke Island (1835 – 1861) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship SS c. 1827 1861 Nine Foot Shoal (1827 – 1859)
Upper Cedar Point (1859 – 1861)
Sunk or captured by the Confederate States Navy in 1861 [A] [3]
Lightship TT c. 1852 c. 1859 Okracoke Channel (1852 – 1859) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship UU c. 1851 c. 1870 Horseshoe Shoal (1851 – 1870) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship VV 1823 c. 1829 Sandy Hook (1823 – 1829) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship WW 1839 c. 1854 Sandy Hook (1839 – 1854) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship XX 1849 c. 1870 Galveston (1849 – c. 1870) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship YY 1832 c. 1851 Mackinaw Straight (1832 – 1851) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship ZZ 1820 c. 1823 Northeast Pass (1820 – 1823) Unknown [A] [3]
Lightship LV-1 1856 1930 Nantucket New South Shoal (1856 – 1892)
Martins Industry (1892 – 1896)
Frying Pan Shoal (1896 – 1911)
Martins Industry (1911 – 1922)
Savannah (1922 – 1930)
Donated to the Sea Scouts in 1930. Later ran aground on the banks of the Merrimack River in a flood that occurred in 1936. [B] [4]
Lightship LV-2 1849 1921 Pollock Rip (1849 – 1875)
Winter Quarter Shoal (1875 – 1876)
Hen and Chickens (1877 – 1907)
Relief (1907 – 1921)
Unknown [B] [5]
Lightship LV-3 1852 1923 Shovelful Shoal (1852 – 1916)
Relief (1916)
Handkerchief Shoal (1916 – 1923)
Unknown [B] [6]
Lightship LV-4 1856 1924 Bishop and Clerks (1856 – 1858)
Handkerchief Shoal (1858 – 1916)
Relief (1916 – 1924)
Unknown [B] [7]
Lightship LV-5 1866 1930 Hen and Chickens (1866 – 1867)
Cross Rip (1867 – 1915)
Relief (1916)
Stonehorse Shoal (1916 – 1923)
Handkerchief Shoal (1923 – 1924)
Relief (1925 – 1930)
Unknown [B] [8]
Lightship LV-6 1862 1918 Succonnesset Shoal (1862 – 1912)
Relief (1912 – 1915)
Cross Rip (1915 – 1918)
Disappeared on February 4, 1918. LV-6 was stuck in moving ice, and presumably sank with all hands. [B] [9]
Lightship LV-7 1854 1909 Minots Ledge (1854 – 1860)
Vineyard Sound (1861 – 1875)
Relief (1875 – 1881)
Wreck of Scotland (1881 – 1902)
Relief (1902 – 1909)
Unknown [B] [10]
Lightship LV-8 1860 1879 Frying Pan Shoal (1860)
Han and Chickens (1867 – 1877)
Relief (1877 – 1879)
Sunk by the Confederate States Navy in 1860 at Cape Fear River. LV-8 was later salvaged by USLHT Iris in 1866, and repaired. It is unknown what became of this ship. [B] [11]
Lightship LV-9 1858 1925 Relief (1858–1915)
Hedge Fence (1915–1925)
Unknown [B] [12]
Lightship LV-10 1887 1902 Grosse Pointe (1887–1902) LV-10 was originally purchased as a construction barge for the Lighthouse Service, then was converted to a lightship in 1887. It is unknown what became of this ship after it left service. [13]
Lightship LV-11 1854 1925 Nantucket New South Shoal (1854–1855)
Brenton Reef (1856–1897)
Relief (1897–1902)
Scotland (1902–1925)
Unknown [B] [14]
Lightship LV-12 c. 1835 1871 Eel Grass Shoal (Unknown–1871) Unknown [C] [15]
Lightship LV-13 1854 1913 Relief (1854 – 1855)
Succonnessett Shoal (1855 – 1862)
Relief (1862 – 1867)
Bartlett Reef (1867 – 1933)
Relief (1933 – 1934)
Unknown [B] [16]
Lightship LV-14 1853 1872 Brenton Reef (1853 – 1856)
Cornfield Point (1856 – 1872)
Relief (1872)
Unknown [B] [17]
Lightship LV-15 1838 1879 Stratford Shoal (1837 – 1877)
Relief (1877 – 1879)
LV-15 was replaced by Stratford Shoal Light in 1877, then was used as a barracks for workers building the Great Beds Light in 1880. She was sold at the end of that year at auction for $1,010. It is unknown what became of this ship after the auction. [B] [18]
Lightship LV-16 1854 1935 Sandy Hook (1854 – 1891)
Relief (1891 – 1935)
Unknown [B] [19]
Lightship LV-17 1848 1891 Bartlett Reef (1848 – 1867)
Relief (1867 – 1877)
Eel Grass Shoal (1877 – 1882)
Relief (1882 – 1891)
Transferred to US Navy in 1891 for use as target practice, and sunk later that year. [B] [20]
Lightship LV-18 1839 1875 Five Fathom Bank (1839 – 1869)
Relief (1869 – 1875)
Transferred to US Navy in 1875 for use as target practice, presumably sunk. [B] [21]
Lightship LV-19 c. 1845 1900 Cross Ledge (1845 – 1875)
Fourteen Foot Bank (1876 – 1886)
Ram Island Reef (1886 – 1894)
Relief (1894 – 1900)
May be the same ship as Lightship X. LV-19 was transferred to US Navy in 1900 for use as target practice, and presumably sank. [B] [22]
Lightship LV-20 1867 1923 Relief (1867 – 1868)
Wreck of Scotland (1868 – 1870)
Relief (1870 – 1876)
Wreck of Scotland (1876 – 1880)
Relief (1880 – 1886)
Wreck of Oregon (1886)
Relief (1886 – 1918)
Cross Rip (1918 – 1922)
Relief (1923)
Sold in 1923 and used by rumrunners during Prohibition. She was eventually grounded, abandoned, and burned near Plymouth, Massachusetts. [B] [23]
Lightship LV-21 1864 1880 Upper Cedar Point (1864 – 1867)
Willoughby Split (1867 – 1868)
Relief (1869 – 1871)
Wreck of Weehawken (1871 – 1872)
Tybee Island Knoll (1872 – 1880)
Unknown [B] [24]
Lightship LV-22 c. 1846 1903 Relief (1846–Unknown)
York Split (1863–1864)
Wolf Trap Shoal (1864–1870)
Eel Grass Shoal (1871–1872)
Cornfield Point (1872–1882)
Relief (1884–1885)
Hog Island Shoal (1885–1901)
Relief (1901–1903)
This was the only lightship to be renumbered (see note C). It is unknown what became of LV-22. [C] [15][25]
Lightship LV-23 1862 1925 Smith Point (1862 – 1868)
Willoughby Split (1868 – 1872)
Relief (1872 – 1874)
Wreck of Scotland (1874 – 1876)
Relief (1876 – 1882)
Cornfield Point (1882 – 1892)
Relief (1892 – 1894)
Ram Island Reef (1894 – 1925)
Originally A. J. W. Applegarth, she was acquired by the Lightship Service in 1862. It is unknown what became of this ship after she left service. [B] [26]
Lightship LV-24 1864 1869 Lower Cedar Point (1864 – 1867)
York Spit (1867 – 1870)
Relief (1870 – 1874)
Winter Quarter Shoal (1874 – 1875)
Relief (1875 – 1889)
Unknown [B] [27]
Lightship LV-25 1827 1884 Hooper Straight (1827 – 1867)
Relief (1867 – 1870)
Choptank River entrance (1870 – 1871)
Eel Grass Shoal (1872 – 1877)
Relief (1877 – 1884)
Unknown [B] [28]
Lightship LV-28 1864 1906 Bowlers Rock (1864 – 1868)
Relief (1868 – 1869)
Galveston (1870 – 1906)
Unknown [B] [29]
Lightship LV-29 1865 1915 Frying Pan Shoal (1865 – 1871)
Martins Industry (1871 – 1875)
Frying Pan Shoal (1875 – 1877)
Relief (1877 – 1880)
Martins Industry (1880 – 1887)
Relief (1887 – 1888)
Frying Pan Shoal (1888 – 1892)
Relief (1893 – 1906)
Martins Industry (1906 – 1911)
Relief (1911 – 1915)
Unknown [B] [30]
Lightship LV-30 1863 1871 Rattlesnake Shoal (1863 – 1871) Unknown [B] [31]
Lightship LV-31 1865 1871 Wreck of Weehawken (1865 – 1871) Formerly James Gray, commissioned in the Confederate States Navy as CSS Lady Davis. Captured by the USN in 1865, stripped, and transferred into lightship service. LV-31 served until 1871 after which her fate is unknown. [B] [32]
Lightship LV-32 1863 1890 Frying Pan Shoal (1863 – 1864)
Martins Industry (1864 – 1871)
Relief (1871 – 1877)
Frying Pan Shoal (1877 – 1883)
Relief (1883 – 1886)
Rattlesnake Shoal (1886 – 1889)
Relief (1889 – 1890)
Unknown [B] [33]
Lightship LV-33 1857 1872 Relief (1857 – 1861)
Martins Industry (1862 – 1864)
Relief (1864 – 1868)
Fishing Rip (1868 – 1869)
Tybee Island Knoll (1869 – 1872)
Unknown [B] [34]
Lightship LV-34 1866 1924 Relief (1866 – 1876)
Frying Pan Shoal (1871 – 1875)
Martins Industry (1876 – 1880)
Rattlesnake Shoal (1880 – 1886)
Martins Industry (1887 – 1892)
Rattlesnake Shoal (1892 – 1894)
Charleston (1894 – 1924)
Unknown [B] [35]
Lightship LV-35 1858 1862 Martins Industry (1858 – 1862) She was originally sunk by the Confederate States Navy in the Savannah River in 1862. Four years later she was raised, and intended to be used for lightship duty as LV-35. Subsequently she was found to be too damaged so she was scrapped. [D] [36]
Lightship LV-37 1869 1893 Five Fathoms Bank (1869 – 1876)
Winter Quarter Shoal (1876 – 1888)
Relief (1888)
Fenwick Island Shoal (1888 – 1892)
Relief (1892 – 1893)
Sank on station on August 4, 1893 with the loss of four crewmen. [E] [37]
Lightship LV-38 1870 1892 Relief (1870 – 1871)
Rattlesnake Shoal (1871 – 1880)
Relief (1881 – 1883)
Frying Pan Shoal (1883 – 1888)
Relief (1888 – 1889)
Rattlesnake Shoal (1889 – 1892)
Unknown [E] [38]
Lightship LV-39 1875 1935 Vineyard Sound (1875 – 1876)
Five Fathom Bank (1876 – 1877)
Relief (1877 – 1897)
Brenton Reef (1897 – 1935)
Sank in 1975 near Beverly, Massachusetts. [39]
Lightship LV-58 1894 1905 Nantucket New South Shoal (1894 – 1896)
Fire Island (1896 – 1897)
Relief (1897 – 1905)
Sank in 1905 due to a gale. [40]
Lightship LV-71 1897 1918 Diamond Shoals (1897 – 1918) Torpedoed, and sank in 1918 [41]
Lightship LV-79 1904 1967 Five Fathom Bank (1904 – 1924)
Relief (1924 – 1926)
Barnegat (1927 – 1942)
Examination Vessel, WWII (1942 – 1945)
Barnegat (1945 – 1967)
Now a museum in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [42]
Lightship LV-82 1912 1936 Buffalo (1912-1913)
Relief (1916-1925)
Eleven Foot (1926-1936)
Scrapped in 1942, or possibly sunk by vandals in 1945. [43]
Lightship LV-83 1905 1960 Blunts Reef (1905 – 1930)
San Francisco (1930 – 1942)
Examination Vessel, WWII (1942 – 1945)
San Francisco (1945 – 1951)
Relief (1951 – 1960)
Now a museum in Seattle, Washington. [44]
Lightship LV-87 1907 1966 Now a museum in New York City, New York.
Lightship LV-97 1895 1918 Bush Bluff (1895 – 1918) Scrapped in 1945. [45]
Lightship LV-100 1929 1971 Blunts Reef (1930 – 1942)
Examination Vessel, WWII (1942 – 1945)
Blunts Reef (1945 – 1959)
Relief (1959 – 1969)
San Francisco (1969 – 1971)
Transferred to the U.S. Navy on August 6, 1971 for further transfer to Vietnam. it is unknown what became of this ship. [F] [46]
Lightship LV-101 1916 1963 Cape Charles (1916 – 1924)
Relief (1925 – 1926)
Overfalls (1926 – 1951)
Stonehorse Shoal (1951 – 1963)
Now a museum in Portsmouth, Virginia. [47]
Lightship LV-103 1921 1970 Relief (1921 – 1923)
Grays Reef (1924 – 1926)
Relief (1927 – 1928)
Grays Reef (1929)
Relief (1929 – 1933)
North Manitou Shoal (1934 – 1935)
Relief (1935)
Lake Huron (1936 – 1970)
Now a museum in Port Huron, Michigan. [48]
Lightship LV-112 1936 1975 Nantucket Shoals (1936 – 1942)
Examination Vessel, WWII (1942 – 1945)
Nantucket Shoals (1945 – 1958)
Relief (1958 – 1960)
Nantucket Shoals (1960 – 1975)
Now a museum in East Boston, Massachusetts. [49]
Lightship LV-113 1930 1968 Swiftsure Bank (1930 – 1942)
Examination Vessel, WWII (1942 – 1945)
Swiftsure Bank (1945 – 1961)
Umatilla Reef (1961)
Relief (1961 – 1968)
Sank on June 16, 1988 while being towed to Ketchikan, Alaska. [F] [50]
Lightship LV-114 1930 1971 Fire Island (1930 – 1942)
Examination Vessel, WWII (1942 – 1945)
Diamond Shoal (1945 – 1947)
Relief (1947 – 1958)
Pollock Rip (1958 – 1969)
Portland (1969 – 1971)
Scrapped in 2007 after sinking (later raised) in New Bedford, Massachusetts. [F] [51]
Lightship LV-115 1930 1965 Frying Pan Shoals (1930 – 1942)
Examination Vessel, WWII (1942 – 1945)
Frying Pan Shoals (1945 – 1964)
Relief (1964 – 1965)
Operational, and available for rent [F] [52]
Lightship LV-116 1930 1970 Fenwick Island Shoal (1930 – 1933)
Chesapeake (1933 – 1942)
Examination Vessel, WWII (1942 – 1945)
Chesapeake (1945 – 1965)
Delaware (1965 – 1970)
Now a museum in Baltimore, Maryland [F] [53]
Lightship LV-117 1931 1934 Nantucket Shoals (1931 – 1934) Sank in 1934 after being struck by the RMS Olympic. [F] [54]
Lightship LV-118 1938 1972 Cornfield Point (1938 – 1957)
Cross Rip (1958 – 1962)
Boston (1962 – 1972)
Now a museum in Lewes, Delaware. [55]
Lightship WLV-604 1951 1979 Columbia River (1951 – 1979) Now a museum in Astoria, Oregon. [56]
Lightship WAL-605 1951 1975 Overfalls (1951 – 1960)
Blunts Reef' (1960 – 1969)
Relief (1969 – 1975)
Now a museum in Oakland, California. [57]
Lightship WLV-612 1950 1985 San Francisco (1951 – 1969)
Blunts Reef (1969 – 1971)
Portland (1971 – 1975)
Nantucket Shoals (1975 – 1983)
Sold to private owner, operational and available for charter. She is the last lightship to be decommissioned by the coast guard. [58]
Lightship WLV-613 1952 1983 Ambrose Channel (1952 – 1967)
Relief (1967 – 1979)
Nantucket Shoals (1979 – 1983)
Sold to private owner. [59]

Notes[edit]

  • ^ A. Name assigned retroactively in 1938. During her years in service, this ship was referred to exclusively by her station name.
  • ^ B. Name/hull number assigned between 1867–70. Previously, she was referred to exclusively by her station name.
  • ^ C. LV-12 was assigned to two ships. From circa 1867 to 1871, LV-12 was the former Guthrie and LV-22 was an unnamed Fifth District relief vessel. In 1871, old LV-12 was decommissioned and LV-22 was renumbered LV-12. For clarity, this list refers to her as LV-22 exclusively.
  • ^ D. Name/hull number assigned between 1867–68 in anticipation of her return to service, but she was found not fit, condemned, and sold.
  • ^ E. Either LV-37 or LV-38 was the first lightship to have launched with a LV designation. Except for the anomalously numbered LV-10 (which would have been 43), all subsequent US lightships were numbered sequentially.
  • ^ F. Six identical vessels: LV 100/WAL 523 (1929), LV 113/WAL 535 (1929) and LV 114 / WAL 536 (1930) built at Albina Iron Works, Portland, Oregon. LV 115 / WAL 537 (1930), LV 116 / WAL 538 (1930) and LV 117 (1930) built at Charleston Drydock & Machine Company, Charleston, South Carolina.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Flint, Willard. A History of U.S. Lightships. p. 2.
  2. ^ Flint, Willard. A History of U.S. Lightships. p. 19.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av "Early U.S. Lightships". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  4. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV1". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  5. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV2". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  6. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV3". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  7. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV4". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  8. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV5". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  9. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV6". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Archived from the original on December 12, 2012. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  10. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV7". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  11. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV8". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  12. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV9". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Archived from the original on December 12, 2012. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  13. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV10". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  14. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV11". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  15. ^ a b "Vessel Designation: LV12". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  16. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV13". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  17. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV14". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  18. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV15". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  19. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV16". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  20. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV17". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  21. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV18". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  22. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV19". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  23. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV20". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  24. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV21". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  25. ^ "Eel Grass Shoal Lightship Station History". United States Coast Guard Lightship Sailors Association. October 23, 2006. Retrieved July 19, 2008.
  26. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV23". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  27. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV24". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  28. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV25". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  29. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV28". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  30. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV29". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  31. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV30". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  32. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV31". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  33. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV32". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  34. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV33". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
  35. ^ "Vessel Designation: LV34". U.S. Coast Guard Lightships. United States Coast Guard. June 18, 2008. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
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Further reading[edit]