List of child music prodigies
||This article may be in need of reorganization to comply with Wikipedia's layout guidelines. (June 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
This is a list of music prodigies, young children (at or under age 12) who displayed a talent in music deemed to make them competitive with skilled adult musicians. The list is sorted by genre and instrument.
- 1 Classical
- 2 Non-classical genres
- 3 Post-war genres
- 4 Indian artists
- 5 See also
- 6 Further reading
- 7 References
In the tables for the classical genre, the oldest entries are Henry Purcell (born 1659) and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (born 1756) while the youngest are Alma Deutscher and Sreya Jayadeep (both born 2005).
|Beverly Sills||1929||12||Won on Major Bowes' Amateur Hour for the week of October 26, 1939, performed Gilbert and Sullivan by 16|
|Julie Andrews||1935||12||Sang at the London Hippodrome.|
|Sujatha Mohan||1963||10||Performed as Baby Sujatha in the 1970s. Regularly sang with K. J. Yesudas in his stage shows. She recorded her first song, "Kannezhuthy Pottuthottu" when she was in the sixth standard. She debuted in Tamil through the song "Kaadhal Oviyam Kandein" from Kavikuyil (1977). She completed more than 2000 stage shows before her 18th age.|
|M. Balamuralikrishna||1930||8||A prodigy vocalist and composer who had composed in all 72 melakartha ragas by the age of fifteen.|
|Aria Tesolin||1993||8||Sang Habanera from Carmen by Bizet and Libiamo ne' lieti calici from La Traviata by Verdi with Canada's Three Tenors at Mel Lastman Square, Toronto, on August 3, 2002|
|Jackie Evancho||2000||10||2nd place on America's Got Talent at age 10, and, still aged 10, the youngest solo artist ever to release a platinum-selling album. At age 11, Evancho also became the youngest artist ever to debut in the UK in the top 5, the youngest person ever to have a special on the PBS Great Performances television series, and the youngest person ever to sing a solo concert at Lincoln Center.|
|Sreya Jayadeep||2005||8||Winner of Surya Super Singer TV reality show. Believed to have started talking at the age of eight months. Learnt Carnatic Music at the age of three, and was just eight when she sang for a film named 'Weeping Boy' and also when winning Surya Super Singer. Within three years, she has become a singing sensation, and she also toured allover the world.|
Piano and organ
|Martha Argerich||1941||Piano||4||Orchestral debut at age six|
|Kit Armstrong||1992||Piano||5||Concerto debut at eight; Morton Gould Young Composer Award for five consecutive years|
|Claudio Arrau||1903||Piano||5||Could read notes before letters|
|Enrique Batiz||1942||Piano||5||Now a conductor|
|Emily Bear||2001||Piano||5||Composed and released her first piano album at age five|
|Vincenzo Bellini||1801||Piano||5||Began studying music theory at two, the piano at three, and by the age of five could apparently play well|
|Georges Bizet||1838||Piano||9||Entered the Paris Conservatory at age nine|
|Victor Borge||1909||Piano||8||Won a full scholarship to the Royal Danish Music Conservatory at age nine|
|Ethan Bortnick||2000||Piano||6||Perfect pitch at age 3, Composing at age 5, First Sold out headline Concert at age 6, Orchestral debut at age 8 with the Naples Philharmonic Orchestra. Youngest PBS National Concert headliner and Certified by Guinness World Records as the Youngest Headline Artist. Coincidentally was born a few hours after the death of Victor Borge and possessing the same humor and comedic timing.|
|Lili Boulanger||1893||Piano, violin, cello, harp||Attended Louis Vierne's organ classes at the Paris Conservatoire at age six|
|Cameron Carpenter||1981||Organ||11||Performed J. S. Bach's complete The Well-Tempered Clavier from memory at age eleven.|
|William Crotch||1775||Organ||3||Became a composer and first Principal of the Royal Academy of Music|
|Georges Cziffra||1921||Piano||Entered the Franz Liszt Academy at age nine, after some four years performing in a traveling circus|
|Per Enflo||1944||Piano||7||Won the Swedish competition for young pianists at age eleven in 1956 (and again in 1961)|
|Richard Farrell||1926||Piano||4||Made his first radio broadcast at age four; at seven played his own composition (a lament on the death of an archbishop) in a public concert with the Wellington Symphony Orchestra|
|Carl Filtsch||1830||Piano||6||Composed concerto at thirteen; died at age fourteen|
|Glenn Gould||1932||Piano||4||Attended The Royal Conservatory of Music (Toronto) at age 10; passing his final Conservatory examination in piano with the "highest marks of any candidate"; attaining "professional standing as a pianist" at age 12|
|Horacio Gutiérrez||1948||Piano||11||First piano recital at age four. Orchestral debut at age 11 with the Havana Symphony.|
|Johana Harris||1912||Piano||8||Composed works as early as age six and began her career as a concert pianist at age eight|
|Margaret Rosezarian Harris||1943||Piano||3||Toured the US between ages 3 and 6; went on to success in adulthood as a conductor and Broadway musical director|
|Felix Hell||1985||Organ||8||Became a church organist at age eight; won competitions at age nine; began recording and touring shortly thereafter|
|Leslie Howard||1948||Piano||5||Perfect pitch, and ability to recall anything by ear, first cited in The Herald, Melbourne, when he was 5 years old. Aged 5, he performed for Fox Movietone News, and at aged 9 on Australian national television. His mature début as a pianist came at the age of 13, with Rachmaninoff's Second Piano Concerto.|
|Helen Huang||1982||Piano||8||Performed with the Philadelphia Orchestra at age eight|
|Evgeny Kissin||1971||Piano||10||Entered music school at age six|
|Elizaveta Klyuchereva||1999||Piano||6||Entered the Moscow Conservatory music school at age six|
|Aimi Kobayashi||1995||Piano||3||Performed concerts at age three and with orchestras at age seven, performed at Carnegie Hall, etc.|
|Lang Lang||1982||Piano||Began playing at age two; entered Beijing Conservatory at age eight; won international competitions at age thirteen|
|Ingmar Lazar||1993||Piano||6||Solo debut at age six at the Salle Gaveau in Paris|
|Evan Le||2011||Piano||4||Appeared at age 4 in the NBC primetime show, "Little Big Shots"|
|Franz Liszt||1811||Piano||9||Performed first major concert at age eleven |
|Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart||1756||Piano, violin||4||One of the most prolific composers of the Classical Era|
|Yukie Nishimura||1967||Piano||5||Composed her first piece at this age, and hence won the competition at the age of 8.|
|Leo Ornstein||1895||Piano||Entered Saint Petersburg Conservatory at age ten|
|Sergei Prokofiev||1891||Piano||Composed an opera at age nine|
|Camille Saint-Saëns||1835||Piano||5||Gave his first public recital at age five|
|Ernest Schelling||1876||Piano||4||Began studies in Europe at age seven|
|Clara Isabella Siegle||2000||Piano||4||Studied under Irish-born mother from age four. Prize-winner in Nurnberg from 2007 to 2015.|
|Dimitris Sgouros||1969||Piano||7||First public recital at age seven; Carnegie Hall debut at age twelve with Rachmaninoff's Third Piano Concerto|
|Ruth Slenczynska||1925||Piano||11||Played with a full orchestra at age eleven; writer of Forbidden Childhood|
|Claudette Sorel||1932||Piano||10||Debuted in recital at New York's Town Hall at age ten, and played with the New York Philharmonic at age eleven. Received a scholarship to Juilliard at age ten and became its youngest graduate up to that time.|
|Conrad Tao||1994||Piano, violin, composing||4||First public recital at four; first concerto at eight|
|Nobuyuki Tsujii||1988||Piano||10||Performed with the Century Orchestra, Osaka, at age 10; first recital at age 12|
|Alicia Witt||1975||Piano||7||Won several piano competitions in the years after her debut Aside from being a music prodigy, "Alicia, possibly started reading at the age of six-and-a-half, seven months". At two years, she was reading college text books.|
|Yuja Wang||1987||Piano||7||Performed in several piano competitions and concerts before moving to Canada at age eleven to study at Mount Royal College.|
|Noah Grey-Cabey||1995||Piano||4||Youngest Person to perform solo in Sydney Opera House|
|Joey Alexander||2003||Piano||6||At the age of six he could play Thelonious Monk by ear.|
|Adrian Romoff||2005||Piano||7||Began learning piano at the age of 4. Played for Ellen DeGeneres at the age of 7, was on America's Got Talent when he was 9 and was accepted into Juilliard at 9. He performed at Carnegie Hall many times, with the first when he was 7.|
|Linda Brava||1970||Violin||11||Worldwide tours at age eight, leader of the prestigious Helsinki Juniorstrings at thirteen|
|Guila Bustabo||1926||Violin||9||Performed with the Chicago Symphony at age 9; made Carnegie Hall debut at age 15|
|Akim Camara||2000||Violin||3||Performed "Schneeflöckchen, Weißröckchen" with the Marzahn Hellersdorf School of Music at age 2; with Andre Rieu at the Waldbühne at age 3; with Andre Rieu at Radio City Music Hall at age 5; with Wolfgang Fischer at age 6 & Richard Clayderman at age 7 (2009).|
|Sarah Chang||1980||Violin||5||Started performing at age 5, auditioned for the Juilliard School at age 6 and professional debut came when she performed Paganini's Violin Concerto No. 1 with the New York Philharmonic at age 8. Recorded her first studio album called "Debut" at age 9. Has performed with most major international orchestras by age 11.|
|Jacqueline du Pré||1945||Cello||8|||
|Ida Haendel||1928||Violin||Prizewinner in Henryk Wieniawski International Violin Competition at age six|
|Brianna Kahane||2002||Violin||3||Performed in her first concert when she was six. Started at New York's Juilliard School at age nine.|
|Koh Gabriel Kameda||1975||Violin||9||Orchestral debut at thirteen performed the violin concerto No. 5 by Henri Vieuxtemps with the Baden-Baden Philharmonic Orchestra|
|Apollinaire de Kontski||1825||Violin||4||Appeared in public at the age of four, playing a concerto by Pierre Rode.|
|Rachel Lee||1988||Violin||8||She has studied at the Juilliard School since age 8|
|Thomas Linley the Younger||1756||Violin||7||Born the same year as Mozart; the two met in Italy and became friends|
|Yo-Yo Ma||1955||Cello||5||Performed for audiences at 5; performed for John F. Kennedy at 7; appeared on TV at 8|
|Anne Akiko Meyers||1970||Violin||7|||
|Maria Milanollo||1832||Violin||6||Learned violin as a toddler with elder sister Teresa. Debuted age 6 and toured Europe as a duo with Teresa. Nicknamed "Madamoiselle Staccato" for her liveliness. Untimely death 1848 (age 16).|
|Teresa Milanollo||1827||Violin||9||Learned violin from age 4, debut age 9. Tutors: Lafont, Habeneck, de Bériot. Admired by Berlioz, Chopin, Johann Strauss the Elder, Liszt, Meyerbeer. Gave scores of acclaimed concerts throughout Europe in major halls and royal courts, both solo and as duo with younger sister Maria, whom she coached. Nicknamed "Mademoiselle Adagio" for her seriousness.|
|Stefan Milenković||1977||Violin||3||First international award at age seven|
|Alma Moodie||1898||Violin||6||Entered Brussels Conservatory at age 9; premiered concertos by Kurt Atterberg, Hans Pfitzner and Ernst Krenek|
|Gregor Piatigorsky||1903||Cello||Entered the Moscow Conservatory at age eleven; headed a quartet at age fifteen|
|Michael Rabin||1936||Violin||10||Could "keep beat" at age one Carnegie Hall debut age 13 |
|Florizel von Reuter||1890||Violin||10||Graduated from Geneva Conservatory at age 11, 1901|
|Ruggiero Ricci||1918||Violin||10||Began international tours at age fourteen|
|Clara Rockmore||1911||Violin, theremin||9||Entered the Imperial Conservatory at age five, the youngest ever student|
|Henriett Seth F.||1980||Contrabass||10||Gave up creative music career altogether at age 13|
|Oscar Shumsky||1917||Violin||4||Began studying the violin at 3. Made his first concerts at 4. Began his orchestral career as a soloist under the baton of Leopold Stokowski at 7. Played for Kreisler his own candenzas to the Beethoven violin concerto after having memorized them by ear while attending two concerts of the Viennese master at 8. Was Leopold Auer's youngest pupil ever (8). Was able to play the piano, violin and viola at a professional level.|
|Esperanza Spalding||1984||Violin||5||Began performing violin and piano with the Chamber Music Society of Oregon at age five; her mother noted her ability when she was able to reproduce Beethoven by ear at age four.|
|Frank Peter Zimmermann||1965||Violin||10|||
|Julian Bliss||1989||Clarinet||4||Began playing the clarinet at the age of 4. Currently a virtuoso touring musician. Has played for British royalty.|
|Raphael Severe||1994||Clarinet||11||Played Mozart clarinet concerto in China only three years after starting to learn the clarinet.|
|Mimi Stillman||1982||Flute||12||Youngest wind player accepted to Curtis Institute of Music; two years after debut in Boston.|
|Georges Gillet||1854||Oboe||12||Was accepted into the Conservatoire de Paris within a year of beginning to play the oboe—graduated with a premier prix at age 15.|
Composing and conducting
|Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga||1806||Composer||11||Composed a two-act opera at age thirteen|
|Samuel Barber||1910||Composer, conductor||7||Attempted an opera at age ten; attended the Curtis Institute of Music at age fourteen|
|Georges Bizet||1838||Composer||Entered the Paris Conservatoire at age ten|
|Frédéric Chopin||1810||Composer||7||Began concerts and polonaises at age seven; attained notability by age fifteen|
|Alma Deutscher||2005||Composer, violinist, pianist||6||Composed Sonata in E-flat by Alma in 2011 followed by her short opera The Sweeper of Dreams in 2012.[better source needed]|
|Morton Gould||1913||Composer, conductor||6|||
|Jay Greenberg||1991||Composer||12||Entered Juilliard School at age ten; composed five symphonies by age twelve|
|Erich Wolfgang Korngold||1897||Composer, conductor||11|||
|Rued Langgaard||1893||Composer, organist||11||Composed his first symphony (60 minutes duration) at the age of 14|
|Frederik Magle||1977||Composer, organist, pianist||7|||
|Felix Mendelssohn||1809||Composer, conductor||12|||
|Gian Carlo Menotti||1911||Composer||7||Composed first opera at age eleven|
|Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart||1756||Composer||4||His first compositions were Andante (K. 1a) and Allegro (K. 1b)|
|Olli Mustonen||1967||Composer||Composed a Divertimento for piano and orchestra at the age of 12, and his piano concerto at the age of 14.|
|Niccolò Paganini||1782||Composer, violinist||7|||
|Alex Prior||1992||Composer, conductor||8|||
|Henry Purcell||1659||Composer, organist, choir master||11||A great composer, unsurpassed in England for 200 years.|
|Josef Rheinberger||1839||Composer||7||Entered the Hochschule für Musik und Theater München at age twelve|
|Nino Rota||1911||Composer||11||Composed an oratorio at the age of 10, conducting performances in Italy and Paris.|
|Wilhelm Stenhammar||1871||Composer, pianist||9||Composed his first piano sonata at the age of 9, the next at 10.|
|Edgard Varèse||1883||Composer, conductor||12||Composed first opera at age 12.|
|Gianni Caccese||2003||Composer. violinist, pianist, and flutist||6||Composed first composition at the age of 6; currently has written over 100 pieces (2017)|
- John Burgess began playing at the age of four before turning professional at the age of sixteen. He was known as the 'King Of The Highland Pipers'.
Country and bluegrass
- LeAnn Rimes: Won two Grammys at the age of fourteen for Best New Artist and Best Female Country Vocal Performance becoming the youngest recipient of a Grammy Award.
- Billy Gilman: Had a hit single and a platinum album at age eleven; was nominated for a Grammy Award against adult competition at age twelve
- Hunter Hayes: a cajun accordionist that began his musical career at age four, making appearances at local performances and on national television.
- Alison Krauss: Won local competitions at age ten and was named the most promising Midwestern fiddler at age twelve 
- Brenda Lee: Debuted at age ten 
- Doug Sahm: Played with Hank Williams at age eleven; released an album by age fourteen; later helped form the rock band Sir Douglas Quintet and the Tejano music related Texas Tornados
- Ricky Skaggs: Mandolin virtuoso; performed with Flatt and Scruggs at age seven 
- Chris Thile: Cofounded Nickel Creek at age eight 
- Earl Scruggs: Banjo virtuoso; created the unique and distinctive three finger roll, a defining component of the bluegrass sound, by age ten. Known as Scruggs style banjo.
Folk and world music
- Areti Ketime: Debuted at age six; performed at the 2004 Summer Olympics at age fourteen 
- Adán Sánchez: Released first album at age eleven 
- Joe Bonamassa: Became proficient at Guitar at age 11, opened for B.B. King at age 13.
- Ray Goren: Piano at 3, songwriting at 5, picked up a guitar at 9, opened for B.B. King, Buddy Guy, Leon Russell at age 12.
- Nathan Cavaleri Played with Mark Knopfler at age 9, proficient Blues Guitarist by age 10, played with B.B. King at age 13.
- Kenny Wayne Shepherd: Began at age seven; performed onstage with professionals at age thirteen
- Quinn Sullivan: Began playing guitar at age 3; has performed onstage with B.B. King and Buddy Guy
- Derek Trucks: Began playing with The Allman Brothers Band at age 11
- Reggie Sears: Began playing guitar seriously at age 11, by age 12 he played with Solomon Burke, Hubert Sumlin and Guitar Shorty, released his debut CD at 14 years old and headlined his first tour by age 15.
- Tallan Noble Latz: Has been performing professionally since age of 6 and has shared the stage with many music legends including Les Paul, Jackson Browne, Hubert Sumlin, Joe Bonamassa to name just a few.
Jazz and jazz-fusion
- Joey Alexander: At the age of six he could play Theolonious Monk by ear on the piano. At age 12, he was nominated for The 58th Grammy Award in best improvised Jazz solo and best Jazz instrumental album categories.
- Shelly Berg: Entered the Cleveland Institute of Music at age six; was a professional musician at age thirteen
- Andy Bey: He played at clubs at 5, By age 12 he performed at the Apollo Theater with Louis Jordan and had his first recording.
- Bix Biederbecke: Self-taught piano and cornet player, learning the first at a particularly young age (playing with his hands overhead while standing). Article written about him in Davenport (Iowa) newspaper at age 7, and went on to great fame before dying probably of alcoholism at age 28.
- Francesco Cafiso: He worked with Franco D'Andrea at age 11 or 12.
- Terri Lyne Carrington: Awarded a full scholarship to Berklee College of Music at age eleven 
- Dennis Chambers: began playing drums at age three, was professional at 9, was an 'in demand' drummer on the NYC music scene at the age of 14, and was a member of Parliament-Funkadelic at the age of 18.
- Cyrus Chestnut: Entered the Peabody Institute at age nine 
- Cy Coleman: Played in Carnegie Hall at age seven 
- Eldar Djangirov: "Discovered" at age nine; became the youngest musician to appear on Piano Jazz at age twelve; released his first CD at age fourteen 
- Taylor Eigsti: Opened for David Benoit at age eight and played with Dave Brubeck at age twelve 
- Herbie Hancock: Performed on piano with the Chicago symphony at age eleven; began playing jazz later in college 
- Biréli Lagrène: Won a Gypsy music festival in Strasbourg at age eight and performed at the Montreux Jazz Festival at thirteen.
- Lucciano Pizzichini: Born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in 2000, Lucciano emigrated with his parents at 11 months. Learned on a one-string guitar at age 2, began reading notes and playing simple folk songs and classical pieces by Carcassi at age 3. By age 4, he was formally reading notation and playing classical guitar pieces. By age 6, Lucciano completed the first guitar method book from the Berklee School of Music, and various classical guitar techniques. Received publicity in Florida while playing many classic rock songs professionally with his father, Adrian Pizzichini, By age 7, Lucciano was playing intricate pieces by Joe Pass and Pat Martino. At age 8, was the youngest musician to be endorsed by Gibson Guitars.
- Buddy Rich: Began playing drums at 18 months old; was a bandleader by age eleven 
- Sugar Chile Robinson: A pianist in the jazz subgenre of boogie-woogie, he had his first public performance at the age of 3; he retired from active performing at age 13.
- Hilton Ruiz: Performed at Carnegie Recital Hall at age eight; played in an accordion symphony at age nine 
- Tony Royster Jr: Began playing drums at the age of 3. He is known for winning the Guitar Center National Drum-Off competition Hollywood in 1995 (at the age of 11). He frequently tours with rapper Jay Z as part of his live band.
- Consuelo Velázquez: Began playing at age four; performed piano concerto at age six; wrote Bésame Mucho at age sixteen
- Mary Lou Williams: Taught herself piano before age five; played professionally by age thirteen 
- Keith Jarrett: Pianist
- Tony Williams: Drummer, performed professionally at age 13, released debut at age 18, performed with Miles Davis at age 17, was a key pioneer in jazz-fusion at age 23.
R&B, soul, and funk
- Michael Jackson: Joined his older siblings in the Jackson 5 at age five; his dancing, singing and performing abilities soon surpassed his older siblings, made his professional recording debut at the age of 9; scored his first number one hit as member of the Jackson 5 at age 11 and his first number one single as a soloist at 13.
- Booker T. Jones: Keyboardist for Booker T and the M.G's was proficient at organ, piano, oboe, saxophone, and trombone by the age of 10. He began playing as a professional session musician at 16.
- Gladys Knight: Began performing at age four; won on the Original Amateur Hour at age seven; toured at age eight 
- Stevie Wonder: Skilled at multiple instruments early; signed to Motown at age eleven; first U.S. number-one hit at age thirteen.
- Bernie Worrell: Originally classically trained; wrote a concerto at age eight.
- Victor Wooten: Bela Fleck's bassist, started playing funk-bass at 3.
- Sugar Chile Robinson: Won talent contests as singer and pianist from age 3, performed and recorded as a child with Lionel Hampton, Count Basie and others
- Billy Preston: Began singing and playing organ in church at the age of 3, played organ for gospel musicians Mahalia Jackson and James Cleveland before he was 10, sang with Nat King Cole on his nationally televised show at 11, appeared in a movie playing a young W.C. Handy in the loosely made biopic, St. Louis Blues at 12, joined Little Richard's group at the age of 15, played on Sam Cooke's album, Night Beat, and released his first major label album at the age of 16.
- Aretha Franklin: Began singing and playing piano and organ in church at age 4, became a soloist at age 10, released her first album at age 14.
- Frankie Lymon: Became lead singer of The Teenagers when he was 12; his first hit single was released when he was 13; became the world's first black teenaged pop star.
- Ethan Bortnick
- Dido: Entered the Guildhall School of Music and Drama at age six.
- Marvin Hamlisch: Became the youngest student ever accepted by the Juilliard School of Music at age seven.
- Cleopatra Stratan: Had a hit single at the age of 3; Youngest artist to win an MTV award
Alternative and rock
- Tori Amos: Attended the Peabody Institute at age five and was expelled from it at 11.
- Björk: Began classical study at age five; released an album at age eleven 
- Alanis Morissette: Released her first song at age ten, which later became an unsuccessful single; became a protege of a local folk musician; had her own record and record producing company at an early age 
- Wolfgang Van Halen: Son of Van Halen guitarist Eddie Van Halen, Wolfgang began playing on-stage with the band at age 13, and was a full member of Van Halen at age 15. He plays guitar, electric bass, drums, and keyboard.
- Steve Winwood: Played organ in the "The Ron Atkinson Band" at age eight; was backing blues legends by age thirteen on United Kingdom tours; became the keyboardist for The Spencer Davis Group at age fifteen 
- Charly Garcia: Played piano at age of three, gifted. He has absolute pitch.
- Vangelis: Was composing and playing at age of three.
- Jason Becker: Gifted electric guitarist afflicted with ALS
- Jordan Rudess: entered the Juilliard School of Music Pre-College Division for classical piano training at age nine. He currently plays keyboards, continuum, and synthesizers in the progressive metal band Dream Theater.
- Yuto Miyazawa: The then 8-year-old child prodigy was named "The Youngest Professional Guitarist" by Guinness Book of World Records in August, 2008.
- Jason Hartless: Drummer that toured and worked with bands such as Mötley Crüe, Godsmack, Ted Nugent, Mountain (band), all from the ages of 10–18 years old.
- Danny Sveinson: Born 1991, a Canadian guitarist, The Rock and Roll Kid, released his debut album in early 2004.
- Ustad Zakir Hussain: A tabla maestro who was touring by the age of twelve.
- Chandrakant Sardeshmukh: A sitar maestro who performed at the age of six and declared child prodigy by world famous Ravi Shankar.
- U. Srinivas: A mandolin player of Carnatic music, started performing at the age of nine.
- Musical Prodigies: Masters at an Early Age by Renee B. Fisher ISBN 0-8096-1854-0
- Musical Prodigies: Perilous Journeys, Remarkable Lives by Claude Kenneson ISBN 1-57467-046-8
- The age at which the musician had their first public performance.
- Spindle, Les. Julie Andrews: A Bio-Bibliography, pp. 1–2, Greenwood Press (1989) ISBN 0-313-26223-3
- A musical colossus, The Hindu, published Jul 6, 2004
- Toronto Life, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-21. Retrieved 2014-03-21.
- Lesnie, Melissa. "The 10 most talented kids in classical music", Limelight Magazine, November 10, 2011
- "Gold & Platinum – March 13, 2011" Archived August 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine., RIAA, accessed March 14, 2011
- Lee, Tiffany. "Watch 11-Year-Old Jackie Evancho's Still-Platinum Pipes Sing 'Nessun Dorma'", Archived 2011-05-09 at the Wayback Machine. Yahoo Music: Maximum Performance, April 27, 2011
- Richardson, Chris. "Jackie Evancho, Greyson Chance following in Justin Bieber's footsteps?" The Christian Science Monitor, May 24, 2011, accessed March 4, 2012
- "Youngest popstars: Jackie Evancho", Virgin Media, accessed February 3, 2012
- Fallick, Alan H. "Fast Chat with singing gem Jackie Evancho", Newsday, November 3, 2011 (subscription required)
- "Martha Argerich Repertoire". Home.swipnet.se. Archived from the original on April 8, 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Kit Armstrong". Freewebs.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Claudio Arrau Biography". Princeton.edu. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Four – Audio Interviews – Daniel Barenboim". BBC. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
-  Archived January 18, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
- http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:mRNAM60NM-gJ:usatoday30.usatoday.com/life/music/news/2010-08-02-ethanbortnick02_ST_N.htm&num=1&hl=en&gl=us&strip=1&vwsrc=0[permanent dead link]
- "Radio 3 – Composer of the Week – 1. Early promise". BBC. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Jachimecki, p. 420.
- "William Crotch". HOASM. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- http://www.casa.co.nz/Friends&Family/Music/Clementi/Farrell/Farrell-by-Thomson.pdf Archived 2012-02-22 at the Wayback Machine.
- Jeffrey Biegel Performer Blog (2006-01-10). "Jeffrey Biegel". Sequenza21.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Stegemann, Michael. "The Story of a Genius". This is Glenn Gould. Sony Music Entertainment. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
June 5, 1938: Gould accompanies his parents on the organ at a church concert
- Bazzana, Kevin (2003). Wondrous strange : the life and art of Glenn Gould. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart. pp. 75–76. ISBN 978-0-7710-1101-6.
- "Horacio Gutiérrez Pittsburg Symphony Orchestra". Retrieved 2011-07-26.
- Anthony Tommasini, "Margaret Rosezarian Harris, Musician and Educator, 56" New York Times (March 22, 2000).
- "PMC ESSAYS: Zakrzewska – Pianists 100 Years Ago (2)". Usc.edu. 2000-08-08. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Helen Huang biography at Chamber Music International
- "Music – Artists". BBC. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Elizaveta Klyuchereva". Vladimir Krainev Moscow International Piano Competition. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
- Rebecca Leung (2005-01-09). "Lang Lang: Piano Prodigy, Chinese Musician May Be Best Pianist Of His Generation – CBS News". Election.cbsnews.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Little Big Shots - Four-Year-Old Piano Prodigy
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-09-29. Retrieved 2006-02-04.
- "Mozart's Vienna". Luxurytraveler.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-01-10. Retrieved 2006-02-04.
- "International Piano Archives at Maryland, UM Libraries". Lib.umd.edu. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-03-23. Retrieved 2006-02-04.
- "Siegle Clara Isabella". Piano Competition. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
- "Biography of Dimitris Sgouros". Sgourosmp3.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Ruth Slenczynska Biography". Siue.edu. 1925-01-15. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "About Us". Sorel Organization. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
- Scholars Archived 2012-05-17 at the Wayback Machine., Presidential Scholars Foundation, accessed November 28, 2011
- , Nobuyuki Tsujii Profile
- Alicia Witt. "Alicia Witt Photos, Gossip, Bio & Reviews". AskMen.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Wendy Jeffries.That's incredible, vol. 4: based on the television series created by Alan Landsburg , pg. 23–25. ISBN 0-441-17271-7.
- Linda Lampenius. "Linda Lampenius Pictures, News, Gossip & Rumours – AskMen.com Canada". Ca.askmen.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20070927003022/http://www.ladybird.se/images/ARTISTS_LINDA_ENGLISH.gif. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved August 18, 2006. Missing or empty
- "Akim Camada". Andrerieufans.com. Archived from the original on 2010-09-29. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- “” (2009-11-29). "Richard Clayderman & Akim Camara – Ave Maria 2009". YouTube. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
-  Archived February 10, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Sony Masterworks – Home". Sonyclassical.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Ryu Goto Official Web Site". Ryugoto.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20070928004308/http://www.wieniawski.pl/en/d559/. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved November 28, 2006. Missing or empty
- "Legendary Violinists. Jascha Heifetz". Thirteen.org. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Brianna Kahane". Classical-Crossover. Retrieved 2015-01-28.
- "Mayuko Kamio, violinist". Yca.org. 2009-05-01. Archived from the original on 2010-04-10. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Grande Musica
- "Yehudi Menuhin (Conductor, Violin) – Short Biography". Bach-cantatas.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "About Anne". Anne Akiko Meyers. Archived from the original on 2012-07-17. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Kay Dreyfus, Alma Moodie and the Landscape of Giftedness, 2002
- "Legendary Violinists. David Oistrakh". Thirteen.org. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "NCPR News – Books: Grisha, Biography of Cellist Gregor Piatigorsky". Northcountrypublicradio.org. 2004-11-11. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Michael Rabin: Information from". Answers.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Page, Tim (2011). Carnegie Hall Treasures. HarperCollins. p. 126. ISBN 9780061703676.
- "boy musical prodigies, Floriel von Reuter". Histclo.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Legendary Violinists. Ruggiero Ricci". Thirteen.org. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- (PDF) https://web.archive.org/web/20060414083659/http://www.thebakken.org/education/scientist-cards/Cards-1-8-Front.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 14, 2006. Retrieved October 25, 2007. Missing or empty
- Barczi Edina http://www.nagybogo.hu/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=83:barczi-edina-palatinne&catid=38:magyarok&Itemid=73 Teacher of Henriett Seth F. on contrabass, Retrieved 1993
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-03. Retrieved 2015-01-25.
- Martins, Chris (January 28, 2016). "Esperanza Spalding on Her Alter Ego and Being Inspired 'By Stuff People in Suits Don't Give a Shit About'". Billboard. Retrieved March 22, 2016.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2012-01-12.
- "Frank Peter Zimmermann (Violin) – Short Biography". Bach-cantatas.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Storch, Laila. "Georges Gillet—Master Teacher and Performer." Journal of the International Double Reed Society 5 (June 1977): 1-19.
- The age at which the composer first composed.
- "Classical musical midi, a good place to read a composers biography and download classical midi files". Classicalmidi.co.uk. 2003-11-12. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Samuel Barber". Schirmer.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Fryderyk Chopin: Poet of the Piano". Web.archive.org. 2008-02-09. Archived from the original on 2008-02-09. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- John Stevens, "Meet Little Miss Mozart: The miniature musician aged seven who has composed her own opera", Mail Online, 21 October 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-23.
- Wright, David (1990/1998). "Ruth Gipps" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-06-12. Check date values in:
- "Morton Gould". Schirmer.com. 1913-12-10. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Font size Print E-mail Share By Rebecca Leung (2004-11-28). "Prodigy, 12, Compared To Mozart – 60 Minutes". CBS News. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "American Composers Orchestra – David Raksin Remembers His Colleagues". Americancomposers.org. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Rued Langgaard – Biographical data 1893–1952". langgaard.dk. Retrieved 2012-01-10.
- "Lorin Maazel (Conductor) – Short Biography". Bach-cantatas.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Cornelius, Else (29 March 1987). "Frederik er en gave". Berlingske Tidende (in Danish).
- "Biography and timeline of Frederik Magle". magle.dk. Retrieved 2012-05-27.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20060110193528/http://www.classicalarchives.com/bios/mendelssohn_bio.html. Archived from the original on January 10, 2006. Retrieved February 4, 2006. Missing or empty
- "Gian Carlo Menotti". Schirmer.com. 1911-07-07. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Cliff Eisen, Stanley Sadie, '(Johann Chrysostom) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart', Grove Music Online ed. L. Macy (Accessed May 9, 2006)
-  Archived February 17, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Legendary Violinists. Niccolo Paganini". Thirteen.org. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Europe | UK teen conducts Moscow ballet". BBC News. 2007-06-19. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Henry Purcell
- "Classical Net – Composers – Rheinberger". Classical.net. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Open Directory – Arts: Music: Composition: Composers: S: Scriabin, Julian:". Dmoz.org. 2007-01-02. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Opera Glass
- Alanna Nash; Paul Kingsbury, eds. (2006). "Ch. 12: Pocketful of Gold". Will the Circle Be Unbroken: Country Music in America. New York, NY: DK Publishing, Inc. p. 334.
- "LeAnn Rimes awards". Country Music Television. Retrieved 2009-02-14.
- [dead link]
- "Billy Gilman : Biography". CMT.com. 1988-05-24. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Thomas, Stephen. "Alison Krauss Biography – Yahoo! Music". Music.yahoo.com. Archived from the original on 2008-01-15. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Brenda Lee | View the Music Artists Biography Online". VH1.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-11-14. Retrieved 2007-05-03.
- “”. "Foggy Mountain Special". YouTube. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- [dead link]
- "Chris Thile : Biography". CMT.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "World Music Central.org". World Music Central.org. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Adan Sanchez Music, Songs, Albums & Discography". Starpulse.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Kenny Wayne Shepherd MP3 Downloads – Kenny Wayne Shepherd Music Downloads – Kenny Wayne Shepherd Music Videos – Kenny Wayne Shepherd Pictures". MP3.com. 2009-06-16. Retrieved 2010-09-20.[permanent dead link]
- Goin' Home: A Tribute to Fats Domino. "B.B. King/Buddy Guy | 02.21.09 | NYC on JamBase". Jambase.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Music – Frequently Asked Questions". BBC. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Andy Bey's 'American Song'". NPR. 2004-02-03. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Lederman, Marsha (2008-06-28). "One-time child star is still winning awards". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Retrieved 2013-06-05.
- "Francesco Cafiso at All About Jazz". Allaboutjazz.com. Archived from the original on 2011-05-25. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "'83 Alums Terri Lyne Carrington and Makoto Ozone Honored; October Gala to Feature Branford Marsalis '80". Allaboutjazz.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Music – Frequently Asked Questions". BBC. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Cy Coleman (1929 – 2004) – Find A Grave Memorial". Findagrave.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Item Not Found — SFGate". Sfgate.com. Archived from the original on June 26, 2009. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Taylor Eigsti and the Prodigy Thing". Allaboutjazz.com. 2004-10-22. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Ginell, Richard S. (1940-04-12). "((( Herbie Hancock > Biography )))". allmusic. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Lucciano Pizzichini". Gibson. Retrieved 2009-02-16.
- "Buddy Rich". Drummerworld. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Jeffrey St. Clair: Hilton Ruiz Needs Your Help". Counterpunch.org. Archived from the original on 2010-11-25. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Renowned Coro Nacional de Cuba Tours Canada " World Music Central.org". Worldmusiccentral.org. Archived from the original on 2010-06-13. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "'Besame Mucho' composer Consuelo Velazaquez dies at 84". Allaboutjazz.com. 2005-01-26. Archived from the original on 2009-06-26. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Institute of jazz studies (1910-05-08). "Early Roots". Newarkwww.rutgers.edu. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- CBS: Pop Icon Looks Back At A "Thriller" Of A Career In New Interview Archived 2008-01-06 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Gladys Knight – Biography on Bio". Thebiographychannel.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2009-09-16. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- allmusic ((( Stevie Wonder > Biography )))
- Bernie Worrell | View the Music Artists Biography Online | VH1.com
- Dido (I) – Biography
- Broadway: The American Musical . Stars Over Broadway . Marvin Hamlisch | PBS
- Pareles, Jon (1998-04-23). "AT LUNCH WITH – Tori Amos – Disclosing Intimacies, Enjoying the Shock Value – Biography – NYTimes.com". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "CNN.com". Transcripts.cnn.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- Huey, Steve (1948-05-12). "((( Steve Winwood > Biography )))". allmusic. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Gloucestershire – People & Places – BBC Introducing". BBC. Retrieved 2010-09-20.