Lizzie Twigg

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Lizzie Twigg
Born1882
Bengal, India
Died3 January 1933
Limerick, Ireland
Pen nameÉilis Ní Chraoibhín
NationalityIrish
GenrePoetry

Lizzie Twigg (born c. 1882 – 1933) was an Irish poet and Gaelic revivalist who was famously known for her appearance in Ulysses by James Joyce.[1][2]

Life and work[edit]

Despite being known as a character in Ulysses, Lizzie Twigg was a real person. Born Eliza Ann Twigg in Bengal, India to British soldier, Sergeant Major William Twigg and his wife Frances.[3][4] He retired to live in Limerick where he worked as a clerk when she was a small child. Twigg was educated in the local Presentation Convent school on Sexton street. She worked in London and Dublin as well as living in Limerick.[5][2]

Twigg was a protégé of George William Russell and an ardent nationalist.[6][2] She wrote poems for the Irish Rosary and the United Irishman in February 1903.[5] Her volume of poems was called Songs and Poems in 1904.[7][8] Although quite well known by her penname Éilis Ní Chraoibhín in Arthur Griffith's paper, she was largely forgotten by the time of her death and today it is her appearance in Ulysses for which she is best remembered.[9][2]

She died after a long illness in Limerick on 3 January 1933.[2][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gerry O'Flaherty (2011). "RTÉ Radio 1 "Reading Ulysses"". RTÉ. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e A.J. O'Halloran (14 January 1933). "A gifted Poetess passes away in Limerick" (PDF). Limerick Leader. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
  3. ^ "National Archives: Census of Ireland 1911". Census.nationalarchives.ie. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
  4. ^ "National Archives: Census of Ireland 1911". Census.nationalarchives.ie. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
  5. ^ a b Bowen, Zack (1969). "Note: Lizzie Twigg: Gone but Not Forgotten". James Joyce Quarterly. 6 (4): 368–370. JSTOR 25486791.
  6. ^ Julián Ríos; Nick Caistor (2010). The House of Ulysses: A Novel. Dalkey Archive Press. pp. 114–. ISBN 978-1-56478-597-8.
  7. ^ "Holdings: Songs and poems /". Catalogue National Library of Ireland. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
  8. ^ "Lizzie Twigg". Ricorso. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
  9. ^ "An Macaomh. Edited by Padraic Pearse. Published at St. Enda's School. Inscribed by Thomas MacDonagh by P.H. Pearse & Thomas MacDonagh". Retrieved November 10, 2016.
  10. ^ "Register of death" (PDF). Retrieved November 10, 2016.