Lockitron

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Lockitron
Lockitron logo.jpg
Lockitron smart lock keypad bridge.jpg
The Lockitron Bolt smart lock, keypad, and bridge
Also known asLockitron
ManufacturerApigy Inc.
Introductory price99 to 179 USD depending on model and accessories
ConnectivityWiFi
Low Energy
Power4AA Batteries, lasting for 6 months
Websitelockitron.com at the Wayback Machine (archived 2018-03-27)

Lockitron is a device which can lock and unlock doors via remote control, typically via a smartphone. Starting with installations in 2010, it is one of the earliest examples of a Smart lock. Lockitron was made by Apigy Inc., a start-up based in Mountain View, California. Apigy was a graduate of the Y Combinator start-up accelerator.[1]

Multiple models of Lockitron were manufactured, including one that fits over the lock control mechanism on the inside of a door, and the door could be unlocked via an app on the phone, or via web page control. Phones with Bluetooth Low Energy could automatically unlock a door when an authenticated device was nearby.[2] A supplied NFC tag could be read to trigger a command to toggle the state of the lock.[3]

Virtual "keys" could be issued to guests or repair contractors etc., allowing access to the home. The virtual keys could be distributed over the internet on demand, and can also be revoked on demand.[4] The door could also be locked or unlocked via an SMS "key" for those without smartphones.[5]

All models of Lockitron allowed for a traditional lock which continues to work with traditional metal keys.[6] When a metal key was used, some models of Lockitron sent a notification to a smartphone.[7]

Lockitron was notable for offering an open, web-accessible API.[8] Lockitron supported integration with the Ring Video Doorbell and its predecessor DoorBot, a doorbell system that sends video and voice from the door to a smartphone.[9][10][11] Other devices that have integrated with the Lockitron API include the Pebble Smartwatch, which allowed you to directly lock and unlock a Lockitron from your wrist, and IFTTT, which connected Lockitron to platforms and devices like Amazon Alexa, Google Home, and Nest.[12]

History[edit]

Early Development[edit]

Beginning in 2010 Apigy installed hand-built Lockitrons in a number of Bay Area startup offices in SOMAcentral including Mashable.[13][14] The lock component was an off-the-shelf electronic lock paired with a SheevaPlug server via a 433mhz remote control. The server was Ethernet connected and would accept commands from a hosted web app allowing remote control from any internet connected location.[15]

In May 2011 Apigy formally launched this first version of Lockitron, garnerning coverage from TechCrunch, The New York Times, Popular Science and other news outlets.[16][17][18][19][20] Lockitron was featured on an episode of DIY Network's "I Want That" in early 2012.[21] Throughout this time all Lockitrons were still assembled by founders Cameron Robertson and Paul Gerhardt. In 2012 they sought to create a mass-manufactured, easy to install model.[6]

Kickstarter Rejection and Crowdfunding[edit]

The 2012 "crowdfunded" Lockitron promised a number of improvements over the original Lockitron deadbolt, the primary feature being that it could be installed over existing door locks. It included built-in WiFi in place of the wired mini-server and built-in auto-unlock technology through Bluetooth Low Energy.[22] The crowdfunded Lockitron was built around an ATMega microprocessor meaning that it is Arduino compatible for other custom behavior.

In late 2012 Robertson and Gerhardt applied to Kickstarter which had recently hosted other significant crowdfunding successes like Pebble, SmartThings and LIFX. As later reported by Robertson and Gerhardt, Lockitron was rejected from Kickstarter due to the platform considering it a "home improvement" project; the rejection coincided with Kickstarter changing its policies regarding hardware funding.[23][24] After their rejection, Apigy built its own crowdfunding website in a matter of days and used it to garner over 1.5 million USD in preorders during the first week of their campaign in October 2012.[25] The independent crowdfunding effort kicked off significant press as it demonstrated that projects didn't need to pay significant fees to platforms like Kickstarter in order to crowdfund.[26][27][24]

Apigy subsequently open-sourced the crowdfunding software as Selfstarter, an alternative crowdfunding site.[28] Selfstarter was used in the successful Tile crowdfunding campaign and later formed the basis of Crowdhoster and CrowdTilt Open.[29][30][31]

Notable Office[edit]

From 2013 to 2016 Apigy leased the building which previously housed the Byte Shop, the store where the first Apple I computers were sold.[32] Apigy hosted a Lockitron open house at the location where several working Apple II computers were set up for attendees to play classic games like TRON and Pacman.[33]

Product Delays and Replacement[edit]

Despite demonstrating the crowdfunded Lockitron at the 2013 Consumer Electronics Show,[34] the product was significantly delayed from its originally anticipated ship date of July 2013.[35] It was considered to be vaporware until finally shipping in small numbers through the end of 2013.[36] By February 2014, the crowdfunded Lockitron had still not yet shipped in substantial numbers prompting coverage by the blog TechCrunch.[37] By the end of 2014 thousands of units had been shipped.[38]

In early 2015, Apigy announced its new product, Lockitron Bolt, as a replacement for the crowdfunded Lockitron and that it had ceased production of the crowdfunded Lockitron due to manufacturing and product issues.[39] Left with significant inventory of Lockitron parts, the company worked with hobby websites SparkFun and Adafruist to offer just the housing and gear trains for purchase.[40][41]

Lockitron Bolt was priced at 99 USD and offered Bluetooth-only connectivity using a Nordic nrf51822 microprocessor in comparison to its predecessor which was priced at 179 USD and offered built-in WiFi.[42][43][44] With limited funding and significant excess components, Apigy re-purposed excess inventory of Electric Imp WiFi modules and BlueGiga BLE112 modules intended for the crowdfunded Lockitron into a new accessory product called Bridge.[45] An optional 79 USD device, Bridge connected Lockitron Bolt to WiFi networks giving it the same remote capabilities as the 2012 Lockitron.

In late 2015 Apigy announced that the first Lockitron Bolt devices would ship November 24th while also announcing an add-on to Lockitron Bolt, Keypad.[46][47]

Acquisition[edit]

Lockitron Bolt was exhibited as a working product at the 2016 Consumer Electronics Show,[48] and a series of updates in late 2016[49] indicated that remaining Lockitron Bolt units owed to backers were produced and all remaining orders for U.S. customers had shipped to customers.[50] In 2016 Lockitron Bolt appeared on an episode of the show All-American Makers where Robertson and Gerhardt demonstrated the product, however, they were not offered investment.[51]

Starting in 2017 Lockitron Bolt was sold through retailers like Target,[52] ultimately garnering a spot in The Wirecutter as the best budget smart lock later that year.[53] Slock.it featured Lockitron Bolt during the development of their early decentralized rental platform that was intended to run on Ethereum.[54][55]

The Chamberlain Group announced in early 2019 that they had acquired Lockitron in order to integrate door locks into their myQ platform.[56]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lockitron: Lockitron makes electronic locks you can control locally from your… | Y Combinator". www.ycombinator.com. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
  2. ^ "Lockitron launches iPhone-controlled keyless lock that pings you when someone knocks (video)". Engadget.
  3. ^ Grove, Jennifer Van. "Use Your Phone To Lock & Unlock Doors From Anywhere in the World". Mashable.
  4. ^ "Tools of Entry, No Need for a Key Chain". The New York Times. 4 July 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-07-04.
  5. ^ "Lockitron: Unlock Your Home With Your Cellphone".
  6. ^ a b Burns, Matt. "YC-Alum Lockitron Is Back With A New Kit That Allows Smartphones To Control Dumb Deadbolts". TechCrunch.
  7. ^ "Nothing found for 2013 01 21 How Houses Are Getting Smarter More Connected". Archived from the original on 2013-02-25. Retrieved 2013-02-19.
  8. ^ "Lockitron". api.lockitron.com. Archived from the original on 2019-09-02. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
  9. ^ "Home Automation Future and Present: WiFi Lightbulbs, Speakers and Doorlocks". 14 February 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-02-14.
  10. ^ NAASEL, KENRYA RANKIN. "DoorBot Lets You Answer The Door When You're Not Home". Fast Company. Retrieved 14 April 2023.
  11. ^ Noe, Rain. "The DoorBot and the Lockitron: Kickstarter Sidesteppers Partnering Up". Core77.
  12. ^ "One Day Left to Reserve Lockitron for $149". Archived from the original on 2012-11-05.
  13. ^ Van Grove, Jennifer. "Use Your Phone To Lock & Unlock Doors From Anywhere in the World". Mashable.
  14. ^ Odio, Daniel. "Lock & unlock your door using your iPhone, with Lockitron".
  15. ^ Odio, Daniel. "Lockitron Demo".
  16. ^ Tsotsis, Alexia. "Lockitron Lets You Unlock Your Door With Your Phone". TechCrunch.
  17. ^ "New Lockitron, the Keyless Lock, Will Message Your iPhone When Someone Knocks". Wall Street Journal.
  18. ^ "The Goods: August 2011's Hottest Gadgets". Popular Science. Archived from the original on 2013-07-06.
  19. ^ "Are House Keys About To Become Obselete?". Business Insider.
  20. ^ Kantra, Suzanne. "Use phone apps to keep tabs on latchkey kids". NBC News.
  21. ^ "LOCKITRON Episode DIWT-108H". DIY Network. Archived from the original on 2012-03-29.
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  23. ^ "Kickstarter Is Not a Store".
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  25. ^ CNBC.com, Erin Horan (8 October 2012). "Lockitron: How a Startup Overcame Kickstarter's Rejection".
  26. ^ "Rejected Kickstarter Projects Build Their Own Success Stories".
  27. ^ Goodman, Michelle. "Crowdfunding Without Kickstarter". Entrepreneur. Retrieved 14 April 2023.
  28. ^ "lockitron/selfstarter".
  29. ^ "Updating Crowdhoster: Building Accessible, Open-Source Crowdfunding". 2013-05-20. Archived from the original on 2016-10-06. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
  30. ^ "Crowdtilt/CrowdtiltOpen". GitHub. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
  31. ^ Lomas, Natasha. "Tile Grabs $2.6M Via Selfstarter For Its Lost Property-Finding Bluetooth Tags Plus App". TechCrunch.
  32. ^ "Transitioning Orders, Lockitron Open House, App Updates". Lockitron Blog. Archived from the original on 2015-02-15. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
  33. ^ "Bridge, Open House and Order Migration". Lockitron Blog. Archived from the original on 2015-03-15. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
  34. ^ Burns, Matt. "Lock Your Door From Your Smartphone With Lockitron | CES 2013".
  35. ^ "Lockitron has a Ship Date". Lockitron Blog. Archived from the original on 2013-06-07. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
  36. ^ "Shipping Update". Lockitron Blog. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
  37. ^ Lomas, Natasha. "Lockitron Still Hasn't Shipped To Most Backers Over A Year After Its $2.2M Crowdfunding Effort". TechCrunch.
  38. ^ "Shipment Updates, iOS App Release and Upcoming Bug Fixes". Lockitron Blog. Archived from the original on 2014-09-21. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
  39. ^ Popper, Ben (2015-01-27). "A crowdfunded startup explains why crowdfunding can be a complete disaster". The Verge. Retrieved 2016-10-03.
  40. ^ "Lockitron Mechanical Assembly". SparkFun.
  41. ^ "NEW PRODUCT – Lockitron Motorized Door Lock Body". Adafruit.
  42. ^ "So long, Lockitron version 1.0, hello Lockitron Bolt". CNET. Retrieved 2016-10-03.
  43. ^ Russell, Kyle. "Lockitron Announces The $99 Bolt, A Deadbolt You Can Unlock With Your Phone". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2016-10-03.
  44. ^ Higginbotham, Stacey (2015-01-27). "Lockitron revamps its smart lock with a price cut and new design". Gigaom. Archived from the original on 2015-04-04. Retrieved 2016-10-03.
  45. ^ Wu, Sylvia. "Special Edition Teardown: Lockitron Bolt with Paul Gerhardt".
  46. ^ Matney, Lucas. "Lockitron Releases 3rd Gen $99 Connected Door Lock, Aims To Improve Product Accessibility". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
  47. ^ "Shipping November 24th, Finishes and Bolt Keypad". Lockitron Blog. Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2016-10-03.
  48. ^ "Bluetooth-enabled Smart Lock from Lockitron, Nordic inside". YouTube. Nordic Semiconductor.
  49. ^ "All Backer Units Complete Production, Keypad, Tips and Tricks". Lockitron Blog. Archived from the original on 2016-11-25. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
  50. ^ "Remaining Bolts for US Backers Head Out Monday". Lockitron Blog. Archived from the original on 2016-12-24. Retrieved 2016-12-23.
  51. ^ "Dog Lovers Dream". IMDB. All-American Makers.
  52. ^ Wong, Venus. "What 6 Interior Designers Would Buy With $100 At Target". Refinery29.
  53. ^ Chase, Jon. "The Best Smart Lock". The Wirecutter. Archived from the original on 2017-11-03.
  54. ^ "Slock.it — Decentralizing the Emerging Sharing Economy". Medium.
  55. ^ "Pleased to have received yet another amazing smart object to connect to the Universal Sharing Network!". Twitter.
  56. ^ Shu, Catherine. "Chamberlain Group acquires Lockitron and Tend for its myQ smart garage hub". TechCrunch. Retrieved 15 February 2019.

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