Loehle Spad XIII

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Role Ultralight aircraft
National origin United States
Manufacturer Loehle Aircraft
Status In production
Number built 16 (2011)
Unit cost
US$17,995 (2011 kit cost, less engine)[1]

The Loehle SPAD XIII is a family of American single-seat, biplane, conventional landing gear, single engine, ultralight aircraft produced in kit form by Loehle Aircraft for amateur construction. The aircraft meets the requirements of the US FAR 103 Ultralight Vehicles regulations when equipped with a lightweight engine.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11]

Design and development[edit]

The SPAD XIII is built predominantly from riveted aluminum tubing and stainless steel gussets and stamped aluminum wing ribs, all covered in doped aircraft fabric. The landing gear is of conventional configuration, with a tail skid. For scale requirements the cockpit is only 18 in (46 cm) wide.[2][3][4][10]

The standard engine recommended for the design is the out-of-production 28 hp (21 kW) Rotax 277, with the also out-of-production 35 hp (26 kW) Rotax 377 as an option. Other recommended engines include the 40 hp (30 kW) Rotax 447 and 2si powerplants. Kit options include brakes and a long-range fuel tank.[2][3][4][10]

The initial aircraft in the line is a scale replica of the First World War SPAD XIII. The same basic airframe has been developed, though the use of different rudders, wingtips, cowlings and other minor cosmetic differences, into replicas of other First World War fighter aircraft.[2][3][4][10]

Reviewer Andre Cliche says about the SPAD XIII, that it "looks like a museum piece. But imagine that you can fly this museum piece and feel what the WWI pilots felt when they flew their war machines."[2]

Reviewers Roy Beisswenger and Marino Boric wrote in a 2015 review, "the kit is very complete and builder-friendly, leaving you only the fabric covering, the paintwork and the fitting of the engine and instruments before you take off for your dawn patrol."[12]


Version as a replica of the SPAD XIII, with six flying by the end of 2011.[1][2][3][4][10][11]
Version as a replica of the SE5a, with seven flying by the end of 2011.[1][2][3][4][10][11]
Fokker DVII
Version as a replica of the Fokker D.VII, with three flying by the end of 2011.[1][2][3][4][10][11]

Specifications (SPAD XIII)[edit]

Data from Kitplanes[4] and Loehle[3]

General characteristics

  • Crew: one
  • Length: 16 ft 5 in (5.00 m)
  • Wingspan: 24 ft 0 in (7.32 m)
  • Height: 6 ft 8 in (2.03 m)
  • Wing area: 168 sq ft (15.6 m2)
  • Empty weight: 250 lb (113 kg)
  • Gross weight: 525 lb (238 kg)
  • Fuel capacity: 5 US gallons (38 litres)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Rotax 277 twin-cylinder, two-stroke aircraft engine, 28 hp (21 kW)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed wooden


  • Maximum speed: 63 mph (101 km/h; 55 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 53 mph (85 km/h; 46 kn)
  • Stall speed: 20 mph (32 km/h; 17 kn)
  • Never exceed speed: 85 mph (137 km/h; 74 kn)
  • Range: 85 mi (74 nmi; 137 km)
  • Service ceiling: 12,500 ft (3,800 m)
  • g limits: +4/-2
  • Rate of climb: 1,000 ft/min (5.1 m/s)


  1. ^ a b c d Bayerl, Robby; Martin Berkemeier; et al: World Directory of Leisure Aviation 2011-12, page 108. WDLA UK, Lancaster UK, 2011. ISSN 1368-485X
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Cliche, Andre: Ultralight Aircraft Shopper's Guide 8th Edition, page B-44. Cybair Limited Publishing, 2001. ISBN 0-9680628-1-4
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Loehle Aircraft (n.d.). "Loehle SPAD XIII". Retrieved 12 August 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Downey, Julia: 1999 Kit Aircraft Directory, Kitplanes, Volume 15, Number 12, December 1998, page 56. Primedia Publications. ISSN 0891-1851
  5. ^ Downey, Julia: 2001 Kit Aircraft Directory, Kitplanes, Volume 17, Number 12, December 2000, page 60. Kitplanes Acquisition Company. ISSN 0891-1851
  6. ^ Downey, Julia: 2002 Kit Aircraft Directory, Kitplanes, Volume 18, Number 12, December 2001, page 52. Kitplanes Acquisition Company. ISSN 0891-1851
  7. ^ Newby-Gonzalez, Tori: 2004 Kit Aircraft Directory, Kitplanes, Volume 20, Number 12, December 2003, page 66. Belvoir Publications. ISSN 0891-1851
  8. ^ Downey, Julia: 2005 Kit Aircraft Directory, Kitplanes, Volume 21, Number 12, December 2004, page 69. Belvoir Publications. ISSN 0891-1851
  9. ^ Downey, Julia: 2008 Kit Aircraft Directory, Kitplanes, Volume 24, Number 12, December 2007, page 61. Primedia Publications. ISSN 0891-1851
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Purdy, Don: AeroCrafter - Homebuilt Aircraft Sourcebook, page 203. BAI Communications. ISBN 0-9636409-4-1
  11. ^ a b c d Vandermeullen, Richard: 2012 Kit Aircraft Buyer's Guide, Kitplanes, Volume 28, Number 12, December 2011, page 60. Belvoir Publications. ISSN 0891-1851
  12. ^ Tacke, Willi; Marino Boric; et al: World Directory of Light Aviation 2015-16, page 115. Flying Pages Europe SARL, 2015. ISSN 1368-485X

External links[edit]