Logarithmically concave sequence
In mathematics, a sequence a = (a0, a1, ..., an) of nonnegative real numbers is called a logarithmically concave sequence, or a log-concave sequence for short, if ai2 ≥ ai−1ai+1 holds for 0 < i < n .
Remark: some authors (explicitly or not) add two further hypotheses in the definition of log-concave sequences:
- a is non-negative
- a has no internal zeros; in other words, the support of a is an interval of Z.
These hypotheses mirror the ones required for log-concave functions.
Sequences that fulfill the three conditions are also called Pòlya Frequency sequences of order 2 (PF2 sequences). Refer to chapter 2 of  for a discussion on the two notions. For instance, the sequence (1,1,0,0,1) checks the concavity inequalities but not the internal zeros condition.
- Brenti, F. (1989). Unimodal Log-Concave and Pòlya Frequency Sequences in Combinatorics. American Mathematical Society.
- Stanley, R. P. (December 1989). "Log-Concave and Unimodal Sequences in Algebra, Combinatorics, and Geometry". Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 576: 500–535. doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.1989.tb16434.x.
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