Lomatium dissectum

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Lomatium dissectum
Lomatium dissectum 4248.JPG
In Wenas Wildlife Area
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Lomatium
Species:
L. dissectum
Binomial name
Lomatium dissectum

Lomatium dissectum is a species of flowering plant in the carrot family known by the common names fernleaf biscuitroot and fernleaf desert parsley.[1] It is native to much of western North America, where it grows in varied habitat. It is found in the eastern slopes of the Cascade Range, Rocky Mountains, Klamath Mountains, eastern Transverse Ranges and the Sierra Nevada in California.

Lomatium dissectum is a perennial herb reaching up to 1.2 metres (3 ft 11 in) tall,[1] growing from a thick taproot. The leaves are mostly attached near the base of the plant,[1] spreading with petioles up to 30 centimetres (12 in) long and large blades divided into many small,[1] narrow segments. The inflorescence is an umbel of many small yellow or reddish flowers, each cluster on a leafless stem[1] up to 10 cm long. The fruits resemble pumpkin seeds.

There are two varieties of Lomatium dissectum, both of which can be either yellow or purple in color when in bloom, but are distinguished by longer or shorter stalks on the fruit.[2]

A Lomatium dissectum root extract completely inhibited the cytopathic effects of rotavirus.[3] It also showed antibiotic activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis and M. avium.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Taylor, Ronald J. (1994) [1992]. Sagebrush Country: A Wildflower Sanctuary (rev. ed.). Missoula, MT: Mountain Press Pub. Co. p. 94. ISBN 0-87842-280-3. OCLC 25708726.
  2. ^ "No Atlas Page Present".
  3. ^ McCutcheon A.R., Roberts T.E., Gibbons E., Ellis S.M., Babiuk L.A., Hancock R.E.W., Towers G.H.N (1995), "Antiviral screening of British Columbian medicinal plants", Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 49 (2): 101–110, doi:10.1016/0378-8741(95)90037-3, PMC 7131204, PMID 8847882{{citation}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  4. ^ McCutcheon A.R., Stokes W.R., Thorson L.M., Ellis S.M., Hancock R.E.W., Towers G.H.N. (1997), "Anti-mycobacterial screening of British Columbian medicinal plants", International Journal of Pharmacognosy, 35 (2): 77–83, doi:10.1076/phbi.35.2.77.13284{{citation}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)

External links[edit]