Lonicera canadensis (American fly honeysuckle or Canadian fly honeysuckle) is a flowering deciduous, perennial, phanerophytic shrub which is monoclinous and grows 1–2 m (3 ft 3 in–6 ft 7 in) tall. It is the only member of its genus with hairless leaf structures. It typically flowers from the last week of April until the third or fourth week of May. Fruit appears approximately the first week of June until the first week of August. The fruit is feed upon by a variety of avian frugivores including the Robin (Turdus migratorius) and Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis).
- Habitat: Dry to moist upland woods, occasionally found in coniferous swamps and growing along streams.
- Stems: The main stems are light brown round, fibrous or furrowed bark not exfoliating, ascending or erect. The branches grow ascending or horizontal.
- Distribution: Native to northeastern North America.
United States—CT, GA, IA, IL, IN?, KY?, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV
Canada—NB, NS, ON, PE, QC
- Rarity Status Global Conservation Status Rank—G5
Threatened and Endangered Information: Lonicera canadensis Bartram ex Marsh.
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
- Indiana: American fly-honeysuckle, Extirpated
- Maryland: Canada honeysuckle, Endangered
- New Jersey: American fly-honeysuckle, Endangered
- Tennessee: American fly-honeysuckle, Special Concern
Wetland Indicator Status: FACU (Facultative Upland) Usually occurs in non-wetlands (estimated probability 67%-99%), but occasionally found on wetlands (estimated probability 1%-33%).
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