Lonicera canadensis

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Lonicera canadensis
Fly honeysuckle (Whitefish I) 1.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Dipsacales
Family: Caprifoliaceae
Genus: Lonicera
L. canadensis
Binomial name
Lonicera canadensis
Bartram ex Marsh
Lonicera canadensis distribution USDA map.png

Lonicera canadensis (American fly honeysuckle or Canada fly honeysuckle) is a flowering deciduous, perennial, phanerophytic shrub which is monoclinous and grows 1–2 m (3 ft 3 in–6 ft 7 in) tall. It is the only member of its genus with hairless leaf structures. It typically flowers from the last week of April until the third or fourth week of May. Fruit appears approximately the first week of June until the first week of August. The fruit is fed upon by a variety of avian frugivores including the American Robin (Turdus migratorius) and Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis).[1][2]

The seeds can remain viable after being maintained for several years in dry storage at room temperature.[3]

  • Habitat: Dry to moist upland woods, occasionally found in coniferous swamps and growing along streams.
  • Stems: The main stems are light brown round, fibrous or furrowed bark not exfoliating, ascending or erect. The branches grow ascending or horizontal.
  • Distribution: Native to northeastern North America.

United States—CT, GA, IA, IL, IN?, KY?, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV

Canada—NB, NS, ON, PE, QC

Threatened and Endangered Information: Lonicera canadensis Bartram ex Marsh.

This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.

  • Indiana: American fly-honeysuckle, Extirpated
  • Maryland: Canada honeysuckle, Endangered
  • New Jersey: American fly-honeysuckle, Endangered
  • Tennessee: American fly-honeysuckle, Special Concern

Wetland Indicator Status: FACU (Facultative Upland) Usually occurs in non-wetlands (estimated probability 67%–99%), but occasionally found on wetlands (estimated probability 1%-33%).


  1. ^ "Lonicera canadensis Species Page". Brooklyn Botanic Garden New York Metropolitan Flora Project (NYMF).
  2. ^ "Virginia Tech Tree ID". Archived from the original on 2009-12-08.
  3. ^ Brinkman, K.A. (1974). Lonicera L. In Seeds of Woody Plants in the United States. Agriculture Handbook No 450. Washington DC: Forest Service, USDA. pp. 515–519.

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