|Location||Killarney, County Kerry|
|Surface area||4,700 acres (19 km2)|
Lough Leane (//; from Irish Loch Léin 'lake of Léan', a personal name) is the largest of the three lakes of Killarney, in County Kerry. The River Laune flows from the lake into the Dingle Bay to the northwest.
Etymology and history
Although the lake's name has been misinterpreted as meaning the "lake of learning" in reference to the monastery on Innisfallen, an island in the lake that was a centre of scholarship in the early Middle Ages, there is no linguistic evidence to support this belief. The lake takes its name from Léan Línfhiaclach, a character mentioned in the dindshenchas or place-lore tradition.
Another historic site, the tower house Ross Castle sits on Ross Island in the lake. Ross Island is rich in copper. Archaeological evidence suggests the island has been mined since the time of the Bronze Age Beaker People.
Lough Leane is approximately 19 square kilometres (4,700 acres) in size. It is also the largest body of fresh water in the region. It has become eutrophic as a result of phosphates from agricultural and domestic pollution entering Lough Leane Reedbed, an important habitat on the edge of Lough Leane. This nutrient enrichment has caused several algal blooms in recent years. The blooms have not yet had a severe effect on the lake's ecosystem. To prevent further pollution causing a permanent change in the lake's ecosystem, a review of land use in the catchment area is being carried out. Water quality in the lake appears to have improved since phosphates were removed from sewage in 1985.
- "Placenames Database of Ireland". Logainm.
- Stokes, Whitley (1894). 'The prose tales in the Rennes dindshenchas' in Revue Celtique 15. p. 451.
- "Ross Island". nuigalway.ie. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
- J. P. N. Northover, W. O'Brien and S. Stos. "Lead Isotopes and Metal Circulation In Beaker/Early Bronze Age Ireland." The Journal of Irish Archaeology Vol. 10, (2001), pp. 25-47. Wordwell Ltd. Stable URL: https://www.jstor.org/stable/30001669
- Dúchas. "The Lakes". Archived from the original on 15 June 2007. Retrieved 1 July 2007.
- The Department of the Environment and Local Government. "Living with Nature: The Designation of Nature Conservation Sites in Ireland" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 1 July 2007.
- National Parks and Wildlife Service (5 December 2005). "Killarney National Park, Macgillycuddy's Reeks and Caragh River Catchment Site Synopsis" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 November 2007. Retrieved 1 July 2007.