Louis Georges Gouy
Louis Georges Gouy was a French physicist who was born at Vals-les-Bains, Ardèche in 1854 and died January 27 1926. He is the namesake of the Gouy balance, the Gouy-Chapman electric double layer model (which is a relatively successful albeit limited model that describes the electrical double-layer which finds applications in vast areas of studies from physical chemistry to biophysics) and the Gouy phase.
He became a correspondent of the Académie des sciences in 1901, and a member in 1913.
His principal scientific work was related to the following subjects:
- The propagation velocity of light waves in dispersive media.
- Propagation of spherical waves of small radius.
- Distant diffraction (angles of dispersion reaching 150°)
- Electrostatics: Inductive capacity of dielectrics
- Surface charge
- Effect of the magnetic field on the discharge in rarefied gases
- Emission capacity of absorbent of the coloured flames
- Brownian motion
- Measurement of magnetic susceptibility of transition metal complexes with Gouy balance
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