Lunar terrane

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Thorium concentrations on the Moon. The large area of high concentration on the Near Side (left) corresponds to the Procellarum KREEP Terrane, and the smaller area on the Far Side (right) to the South Pole–Aitken Terrane. The large purple area to the north of this includes the Felspathic Highlands Terrane, which is not reflected in thorium concentrations.

The Moon is composed of two major geologic provinces that have a unique origin, composition, and thermal evolution. The Procellarum KREEP Terrane is a large province on the near side of the Moon that has high abundances of KREEP. The Felspathic Highlands Terrane, in contrast is composed predominantly of ancient anorthositic materials. A third terrane, the South Pole–Aitken Terrane, may simply represent deep crustal materials of the feldspathic highlands terrane.


  • Bradley Jolliff; Jeffrey Gillis; Larry Haskin; Randy Korotev & Mark Wieczorek (2000). "Major lunar crustal terranes". J. Geophys. Res.: 4197–4216. Bibcode:2000JGR...105.4197J. doi:10.1029/1999je001103.
  • G. Jeffrey Taylor (August 31, 2000). "A New Moon for the Twenty-First Century". Planetary Science Research Discoveries.