Luria lurida

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Luria lurida
Cypraeidae - Luria lurida - Sicily-1.JPG
A shell of Luria lurida from Sicily, anterior end towards the right
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
(unranked):
Superfamily:
Family:
Genus:
Species:
L. lurida
Binomial name
Luria lurida
Synonyms[1]

See list

Luria lurida is a species of sea snail, a cowry, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Cypraeidae, the cowries.[1]

Description[edit]

The shells of Luria lurida reach on average 40–48 millimetres (1.6–1.9 in)of length, with a minimum size of 14 millimetres (0.55 in) and a maximum size of 66 millimetres (2.6 in). The dorsum surface of these elongated, smooth and shiny shells is mainly pale brown or reddish, with three transversal darker bands alternating with narrower clearer bands. At the extremities of the shell there are two separate dark brown spots. The aperture is wide, with several teeth. In the living cowries the mantle is dark brown and may cover the entire shell. The male is usually smaller and elongated than the female.

A shell of Luria lurida from Sicily, lateral view, anterior end towards the right
Dorsal view of a shell of Luria lurida from Sicily, dorsal view, anterior end towards the right

Distribution[edit]

This common species is distributed in Mediterranean Sea and in the seas along Cape Verde, Azores, Canaries and West Africa, mainly in Senegal and Angola.

Habitat[edit]

As they fear the light, during the day usually they hide themselves in small caves, crevices or under rocks up to about 40 metres (130 ft)of depth. They live on rocky seabed and corals, feeding during the night mainly on sponges of Verongia aerophoba, Aiplysina aerophoba, Chondrilla nucula and Tethya aurantium.

Subspecies[edit]

Three subspecies have been recognized :[1]

  • Luria lurida lurida (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Luria lurida minima (Dunker, 1853) (taxon inquirendum)
  • Luria lurida oceanica (Schilder, 1930)
  • Luria lurida pulchroides Alvardo & Alvarez, 1964 (taxon inquirendum)

Synonyms[edit]

  • Cypraea amethistina Costa O.G., 1830
  • Cypraea aurora Monterosato, 1897
  • Cypraea kunthii Audouin, 1826
  • Cypraea leucogaster Gmelin, 1791
  • Cypraea lurida Linnaeus, 1758 (original combination)
  • Cypraea lurida congiunta Settepassi, 1977 (not available, published in a work which does not consistently use binominal nomenclature (ICZN art. 11.4))
  • Cypraea lurida elongata Settepassi, 1977 (not available, published in a work which does not consistently use binominal nomenclature (ICZN art. 11.4))
  • Cypraea lurida immaculata Settepassi, 1977 (not available, published in a work which does not consistently use binominal nomenclature (ICZN art. 11.4))
  • Cypraea lurida oceanica Schilder, 1930
  • Cypraea lurida var. albida Costa O.G., 1829
  • Cypraea lurida var. brunnea Monterosato, 1897
  • Cypraea lurida var. caerulescens Mollerat, 1890
  • Cypraea lurida var. cinerea Monterosato, 1897
  • Cypraea lurida var. concolor Kobelt, 1906
  • Cypraea lurida var. curta Mollerat, 1890
  • Cypraea lurida var. cylindrica Mollerat, 1890
  • Cypraea lurida var. fasciata Monterosato, 1897
  • Cypraea lurida var. fulva Mollerat, 1890
  • Cypraea lurida var. major Pallary, 1900
  • Cypraea lurida var. maxima Monterosato, 1897
  • Cypraea lurida var. media Monterosato, 1897
  • Cypraea lurida var. minima Dunker, 1853
  • Cypraea lurida var. monochroa Mollerat, 1890
  • Cypraea lurida var. monstrosa Gray J.E., 1828
  • Cypraea lurida var. nebulosa Monterosato, 1897
  • Cypraea lurida var. normalis Monterosato, 1897
  • Cypraea lurida var. pubescens Monterosato, 1897
  • Cypraea lurida var. rufescens Costa O.G., 1829
  • Cypraea lurida var. rufofulva Kobelt, 1906
  • Cypraea lurida var. turdicula Monterosato, 1897
  • Cypraea lurida var. ventricosa Mollerat, 1890
  • Cypraea lurida var. virescens Costa O.G., 1829
  • Cypraea lurida var. zonata Mollerat, 1890
  • Luria lurida lurida (Linnaeus, 1758)· accepted, alternate representation
  • Luria lurida var. badia Coen, 1949
  • Luria lurida var. incrassata Coen, 1933
  • Luria lurida var. liburnica Coen, 1933
  • Luria lurida var. obstructa Coen, 1933
  • Luria lurida var. onycina Coen, 1933
  • Lurida lurida (Linnaeus, 1758) (misspelling)
  • Voluta pumilio Brusina, 1865
Lateral view of a shell of Luria lurida pulchroides, anterior end to the right
Lateral view of a shell of Luria lurida lurida, anterior end to the right

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758). Gofas, S. (2009). Luria lurida (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through the World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=139499 on 17 October 2010 .
  • Monterosato T. A. (di) (1897 (1 luglio)). Sur les Cypraea de la Méditerranée. Journal de Conchyliologie 45 (3): 153-165, Tab VI
  • Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180–213
  • Rolán E., 2005. Malacological Fauna From The Cape Verde Archipelago. Part 1, Polyplacophora and Gastropoda
  • Repetto G., Orlando F. & Arduino G. (2005): Conchiglie del Mediterraneo, Amici del Museo "Federico Eusebio", Alba, Italy [as Luria lurida (Linné, 1758)]
  • Prats Pi, L. (2002): Gastròpodes marins de la cala de Binissafúller, Menorca (Illes Balears) Molluscat, Spira, 1(2): 21-24 [as Lurida lurida (Linnaeus, 1758)]
  • Doneddu M. 1999. Some notes about range, habitat and ecology of the Mediterranean species of Cypraeidae. The Festivus 31 ( 8 ): 87-91. San Diego
  • Coen G. (1933). Saggio di una Sylloge Molluscorum Adriaticorum. Memorie del Regio Comitato Talassografico Italiano 192: pp. i-vii, 1-186
  • Coen G. (1949). Nota su alcune forme nuove di Cypreacea. Hist. Natur 3 (1): 13-18
  • Settepassi F. (1977). Atlante Malacologico. I molluschi marini viventi nel Mediterraneo, volume II. 304 pp. Museo di Zoologia, Roma
  • Rolán E., 2005. Malacological Fauna From The Cape Verde Archipelago. Part 1, Polyplacophora and Gastropoda.

External links[edit]