Lyudmila Chernykh

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Minor planets discovered: 267 [1]
see § List of discovered minor planets

Lyudmila Ivanovna Chernykh (Ukrainian: Людмила Іванівна Черних, Russian: Людми́ла Ива́новна Черны́х, born June 13, 1935, Shuya, Ivanovo Oblast) is a Russian-born Soviet astronomer, wife and colleague of Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh, and a prolific discoverer of minor planets.[2]

In 1959 she graduated from Irkutsk State Pedagogical University. Between 1959 and 1963 she worked in the 'Time and Frequency Laboratory' of the All-Union Research Institute of Physico-Technical and Radiotechnical Measurements in Irkutsk, where she did astrometrical observations for the Time Service.

Between 1964 and 1998 she was the Scientific Worker for the Institute of Theoretical Astronomy of the USSR Academy of Sciences (Russian Academy of Science since 1991), working in the observation base of the institute at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory (CrAO) in Nauchny settlement, on the Crimean peninsula. Since 1998 she has been the Scientific Worker for the CrAO. The Minor Planet Center credits her with the discovery of 267 numbered minor planets, which she made at CrAO, Nauchny, from the 1960s to 1980s.[1] Several of these discoveries she made in collaboration with her husband and with Tamara Smirnova.

The asteroid 2325 Chernykh, discovered in 1979 by Czech astronomer Antonín Mrkos, was named in her and her husband's honour.[2] Naming citation was published on 1 June 1981 (M.P.C. 6060).[3]

List of discovered minor planets[edit]

Some of her notable discoveries include 2127 Tanya – named after Russian child diarist Tanya Savicheva, and 2212 Hephaistos, a near-Earth object of the Apollo group of asteroids.

1737 Severny October 13, 1966
1771 Makover January 24, 1968
1772 Gagarin February 6, 1968
1789 Dobrovolsky August 19, 1966
1790 Volkov March 9, 1967
1792 Reni January 24, 1968
1805 Dirikis April 1, 1970
1828 Kashirina August 14, 1966
1832 Mrkos August 11, 1969
1833 Shmakova August 11, 1969
1855 Korolev October 8, 1969
1856 Růžena October 8, 1969
1889 Pakhmutova January 24, 1968
1890 Konoshenkova February 6, 1968
1956 Artek October 8, 1969
1957 Angara April 1, 1970
1975 Pikelner August 11, 1969
1976 Kaverin April 1, 1970
2008 Konstitutsiya September 27, 1973
2030 Belyaev October 8, 1969
2031 BAM October 8, 1969
2092 Sumiana October 16, 1969
2127 Tanya May 29, 1971
2132 Zhukov October 3, 1975
2142 Landau April 3, 1972
2144 Marietta January 18, 1975
2186 Keldysh September 27, 1973
2205 Glinka September 27, 1973
2212 Hephaistos September 27, 1978
2245 Hekatostos January 24, 1968
2266 Tchaikovsky November 12, 1974
2273 Yarilo March 6, 1975
2279 Barto February 25, 1968
2296 Kugultinov January 18, 1975
2341 Aoluta December 16, 1976
2352 Kurchatov September 10, 1969
2354 Lavrov[A] August 9, 1978
2385 Mustel November 11, 1969
2386 Nikonov September 19, 1974
2419 Moldavia September 19, 1974
2446 Lunacharsky October 14, 1971
2448 Sholokhov January 18, 1975
2457 Rublyov October 3, 1975
2467 Kollontai August 14, 1966
2468 Repin October 8, 1969
2480 Papanov December 16, 1976
2489 Suvorov July 11, 1975
2530 Shipka July 9, 1978
2540 Blok October 13, 1971
2551 Decabrina December 16, 1976
2561 Margolin October 8, 1969
2609 Kiril-Metodi[A] August 9, 1978
2669 Shostakovich December 16, 1976
2692 Chkalov December 16, 1976
2699 Kalinin December 16, 1976
2755 Avicenna September 26, 1973
2756 Dzhangar September 19, 1974
2807 Karl Marx October 15, 1969
2833 Radishchev[A] August 9, 1978
2837 Griboedov October 13, 1971
2877 Likhachev October 8, 1969
2894 Kakhovka September 27, 1978
2907 Nekrasov October 3, 1975
2931 Mayakovsky October 16, 1969
2948 Amosov October 8, 1969
2965 Surikov January 18, 1975
2977 Chivilikhin September 19, 1974
2998 Berendeya October 3, 1975
3010 Ushakov September 27, 1978
3052 Herzen December 16, 1976
3126 Davydov October 8, 1969
3127 Bagration September 27, 1973
3147 Samantha December 16, 1976
3232 Brest September 19, 1974
3273 Drukar October 3, 1975
3321 Dasha October 3, 1975
3332 Raksha July 4, 1978
3384 Daliya September 19, 1974
3429 Chuvaev September 19, 1974
3441 Pochaina October 8, 1969
3483 Svetlov December 16, 1976
3523 Arina October 3, 1975
3577 Putilin October 7, 1969
3588 Kirik October 8, 1981
3608 Kataev September 27, 1978
3659 Bellingshausen October 8, 1969
3681 Boyan August 27, 1974
3702 Trubetskaya July 3, 1970
3703 Volkonskaya August 9, 1978
3719 Karamzin December 16, 1976
3747 Belinskij November 5, 1975
3770 Nizami August 24, 1974
3804 Drunina October 8, 1969
3890 Bunin December 18, 1976
3963 Paradzhanov October 8, 1969
3967 Shekhtelia December 16, 1976
3968 Koptelov October 8, 1978
4022 Nonna October 8, 1981
4135 Svetlanov[B] August 14, 1966
4164 Shilov October 16, 1969
4174 Pikulia September 16, 1982
4184 Berdyayev October 8, 1969
4195 Esambaev September 19, 1982
4196 Shuya September 16, 1982
4229 Plevitskaya January 22, 1971
4235 Tatishchev September 27, 1978
4244 Zakharchenko October 7, 1981
4286 Rubtsov August 8, 1988
4304 Geichenko September 27, 1973
4361 Nezhdanova October 9, 1977
4371 Fyodorov April 10, 1983
4426 Roerich October 15, 1969
4437 Yaroshenko April 10, 1983
4449 Sobinov September 3, 1987
4485 Radonezhskij August 27, 1987
4537 Valgrirasp September 2, 1987
4560 Klyuchevskij December 16, 1976
4594 Dashkova May 17, 1980
4605 Nikitin September 18, 1987
4616 Batalov January 17, 1975
4622 Solovjova November 16, 1979
4623 Obraztsova October 24, 1981
4681 Ermak October 8, 1969
4682 Bykov September 27, 1973
4758 Hermitage September 27, 1978
4762 Dobrynya September 16, 1982
4810 Ruslanova April 14, 1972
4869 Piotrovsky October 26, 1989
4879 Zykina November 12, 1974
4880 Tovstonogov October 14, 1975
4915 Solzhenitsyn October 8, 1969
4918 Rostropovich August 24, 1974
4919 Vishnevskaya September 19, 1974
4926 Smoktunovskij September 16, 1982
4944 Kozlovskij September 2, 1987
4980 Magomaev September 19, 1974
4981 Sinyavskaya November 12, 1974
5014 Gorchakov September 19, 1974
5043 Zadornov September 19, 1974
5055 Opekushin August 13, 1986
5076 Lebedev-Kumach September 26, 1973
5078 Solovjev-Sedoj September 19, 1974
5091 Isakovskij September 25, 1981
5104 Skripnichenko September 7, 1986
5154 Leonov October 8, 1969
5158 Ogarev December 16, 1976
5300 Sats September 19, 1974
5315 Bal'mont September 16, 1982
5359 Markzakharov August 24, 1974
5361 Goncharov December 16, 1976
5385 Kamenka October 3, 1975
5483 Cherkashin October 17, 1990
5612 Nevskij October 3, 1975
5613 Donskoj December 16, 1976
5675 Evgenilebedev September 7, 1986
5711 Eneev September 27, 1978
5795 Roshchina September 27, 1978
5807 Mshatka August 30, 1986
5827 Letunov November 15, 1990
5857 Neglinka October 3, 1975
5858 Borovitskia September 28, 1978
5940 Feliksobolev October 8, 1981
5955 Khromchenko September 2, 1987
6110 Kazak July 4, 1978
6113 Tsap September 16, 1982
6121 Plachinda September 2, 1987
6161 Vojno-Yasenetsky October 14, 1971
6166 Univsima September 27, 1978
6180 Bystritskaya August 8, 1986
6232 Zubitskia[A] September 19, 1985
6355 Univermoscow October 15, 1969
6374 Beslan August 8, 1986
6432 Temirkanov October 3, 1975
6511 Furmanov August 27, 1987
6538 Muraviov September 25, 1981
6547 Vasilkarazin September 2, 1987
6573 Magnitskij September 19, 1974
6589 Jankovich[A] September 19, 1985
6591 Sabinin September 7, 1986
6619 Kolya September 27, 1973
6679 Gurzhij October 16, 1969
6755 Solov'yanenko December 16, 1976
6764 Kirillavrov October 7, 1981
6783 Gulyaev September 24, 1990
6784 Bogatikov October 28, 1990
6890 Savinykh September 3, 1975
6942 Yurigulyaev December 16, 1976
7370 Krasnogolovets September 27, 1978
7457 Veselov September 16, 1982
7468 Anfimov October 17, 1990
7469 Krikalev November 15, 1990
7726 Olegbykov August 27, 1974
7730 Sergerasimov July 4, 1978
7869 Pradun September 2, 1987
7924 Simbirsk[A] August 6, 1986
7978 Niknesterov September 27, 1978
8132 Vitginzburg December 18, 1976
8244 Mikolaichuk October 3, 1975
8444 Popovich October 8, 1969
8608 Chelomey December 16, 1976
8839 Novichkova October 24, 1989
8985 Tula[A] August 9, 1978
9146 Tulikov December 16, 1976
9150 Zavolokin September 27, 1978
9154 Kol'tsovo September 16, 1982
9167 Kharkiv September 18, 1987
9168 Sarov September 18, 1987
9176 Struchkova November 15, 1990
9516 Inasan December 16, 1976
9549 Akplatonov[A] September 19, 1985
9565 Tikhonov September 18, 1987
9566 Rykhlova September 18, 1987
9609 Ponomarevalya August 26, 1992
9718 Gerbefremov December 16, 1976
9733 Valtikhonov [A] September 19, 1985
9933 Alekseev[A] September 19, 1985
10001 Palermo October 8, 1969
10002 Bagdasarian October 8, 1969
10007 Malytheatre December 16, 1976
10010 Rudruna[A] August 9, 1978
10015 Valenlebedev September 27, 1978
10023 Vladifedorov November 17, 1979
10054 Solomin September 17, 1987
10262 Samoilov October 3, 1975
10286 Shnollia September 16, 1982
10459 Vladichaika September 27, 1978
10992 Veryuslaviya September 19, 1974
11016 Borisov September 16, 1982
11027 Astaf'ev September 7, 1986
11480 Velikij Ustyug September 7, 1986
11782 Nikolajivanov October 8, 1969
11824 Alpaidze September 16, 1982
12190 Sarkisov September 27, 1978
12219 Grigor'ev September 19, 1982
12664 Sonisenia September 27, 1978
13477 Utkin November 5, 1975
13479 Vet October 8, 1977
13480 Potapov[A] August 9, 1978
13904 Univinnitsa October 3, 1975
13922 Kremenia[A] September 19, 1985
14339 Knorre April 10, 1983
14789 GAISH October 8, 1969
14834 Isaev September 17, 1987
15199 Rodnyanskaya September 19, 1974
15212 Yaroslavl' November 17, 1979
15669 Pshenichner September 19, 1974
15675 Goloseevo September 27, 1978
15676 Almoisheev October 8, 1978
15702 Olegkotov September 2, 1987
16395 Ioannpravednyj October 23, 1981
16407 Oiunskij[A] September 19, 1985
16515 Usman'grad November 15, 1990
16516 Efremlevitan November 15, 1990
17358 Lozino-Lozinskij September 27, 1978
18285 Vladplatonov April 14, 1972
18287 Verkin October 3, 1975
18293 Pilyugin September 27, 1978
18294 Rudenko September 27, 1978
19919 Pogorelov October 8, 1977
19962 Martynenko September 7, 1986
23402 Turchina October 8, 1969
24604 Vasilermakov September 27, 1973
24648 Evpatoria[A] September 19, 1985
24649 Balaklava[A] September 19, 1985
29081 Krymradio September 27, 1978
32735 Strekalov September 27, 1978
43783 Svyatitelpyotr October 24, 1989
Legend to co-discoverers:
A with Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh
B with Tamara Mikhailovna Smirnova

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Minor Planet Discoverers (by number)". Minor Planet Center. 20 June 2016. Retrieved 9 August 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (2325) Chernykh. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 189. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 9 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 9 August 2016. 

External links[edit]