MIT Mystery Hunt
The MIT Mystery Hunt is an annual puzzlehunt competition at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. It is one of the oldest and most complex puzzlehunts in the world and attracts roughly 120 teams and 3,000 contestants (with about 2,000 on campus) annually in teams of 5 to 150 people. It has inspired similar competitions at Microsoft, Stanford University, Melbourne University, University of South Carolina, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign and University of Aveiro (Portugal) as well as in the Seattle, San Francisco, Miami, Washington, D.C., Indianapolis and Columbus, Ohio metropolitan areas. Because the puzzle solutions often require knowledge of esoteric and eclectic topics, the hunt is sometimes used to exemplify popular stereotypes of MIT students.
The hunt begins at noon on the Friday before Martin Luther King Jr. Day, when the teams assemble to receive the first puzzles. It concludes with a puzzle-guided journey (a "runaround") to find a "coin" hidden on MIT's campus. Each puzzlehunt is created and organized by the winning team of the previous year, which can lead to substantial differences in the rules and structure. While early hunts involved a few dozen linear puzzles, recent hunts have increased in complexity, some involving as many as 160 distinct puzzles arranged in rounds, hidden rounds, and metapuzzles. Recent hunts have also revolved around themes introduced as a skit by organizers at the opening ceremony.
The objective of the hunt is to solve a set of puzzles in order to locate a coin hidden on the MIT campus. Participants can organize into teams of any size and are not required to be physically present. In recent years, team sizes have grown to around 200 solvers for the largest teams. The proportion of hunters who participate remotely has grown over time, as well.
The hunt and its puzzles are organized and created by the team that won the event the previous year, ensuring that no hunt will be won (or run) consecutively by the same people; each year's writers are free to change any aspects of the internal structure of the Hunt. At noon on the Friday before Martin Luther King Jr. Day the teams gather at MIT, where organizers present a skit revealing the hunt's theme and the initial round of puzzles, as well as announcing rules and other administrative matters. The teams can locate their headquarters anywhere and, over the course of the Hunt, check in with the organizers to verify the answers to individual puzzles. Some teams make extensive use of remote solvers—players who are located beyond the MIT campus. After the Hunt concludes, the organizers typically hold a wrap-up meeting at which the solutions to all the metapuzzles and the overall structure of the Hunt are revealed. Since 2009, hunts have been run for a fixed duration regardless of when the coin is first found, allowing more than one team to complete it (the record for most teams to complete a hunt is the 2017 Hunt: 17 teams completed it, the winners took only 18 hours).
While the puzzles in early hunts were either linear (after solving one puzzle, a new puzzle would be revealed) or released en masse, since 1998 the puzzles have been released in rounds. Successive rounds can be released at predetermined times, based upon completing a requisite number of puzzles in a previous round, or based on another metric entirely. The distinguishing feature of the present-day Mystery Hunt is employing the solutions to all the puzzles in a round to solve a metapuzzle, usually lacking any instructions. Once a team has solved all the metapuzzles, it may begin the "runaround" phase to find the hidden coin: the team follows a series of clues or puzzles that leads them from one location on the MIT campus to another until reaching the location where the coin is hidden. The entire hunt usually lasts approximately 48 hours, although the 2003, 2013, and 2023 hunts all required over 60 hours for the winning team, ending on Monday. Although the hidden prize is always called "the coin", a variety of items have been used as the "coin", including a compact disc, a fragment of a meteorite, a snowglobe, and a wooden cube.
The mystery hunt employs a wide range of puzzles including crosswords, cryptic crosswords, logic puzzles, jigsaw puzzles, anagrams, connect-the-dots, ciphers, riddles, paint by numbers, sudokus, and word searches. Solutions to these classic puzzles are further complicated by employing arcane or esoteric topics like quantum computing, stereoisomers, ancient Greek, Klingon, Bach cantatas, coinage of Africa, and Barbie dolls. Puzzles might also employ pictures, audio files, video games, physical objects, and/or locations within MIT or the Boston area. The hunt also assumes extensive familiarity with MIT's campus, culture, and lore.
The Mystery Hunt was started in 1981 by then-graduate student Brad Schaefer. The first Hunt consisted of 12 subclues on a single sheet of paper including a Vigenere cipher, a short runaround, and an integral. The answers to the subclues detailed the location of an Indian Head penny hidden on campus. The individuals who found the coin were allowed to take their pick of a $20 gift certificate to the school bookstore, a $50 donation to the charity of their choice, and a keg of beer. The hunt was organized for the next two years by Brad Schaefer and after he graduated, the winners were given the honor of writing the hunt the next year.
Over the next several years the hunt became longer and more involved as the number of participants increased. The earliest recorded theme is Captain Red Herring's Mystery Island in 1992. The 1984 Hunt had 22 clues, and the 1987 Hunt had 19 clues and a final runaround. The Mystery Hunt has continued to grow, with the 2014 Hunt containing 115 puzzles, 10 metapuzzles, 5 events, a 24-puzzle mid-hunt runaround, and a 5-puzzle final runaround.
Though metapuzzles have existed in some form for many Mystery Hunts, the structure regarding how the puzzles combine into metapuzzles and how puzzles are released varies. For example, in the 2006 Hunt, "antepuzzles" provided access to new rounds, whose answers were derived from pieces of information attached to the round puzzles, but otherwise irrelevant to them (for example, the colors in which the puzzle titles were printed); in the 2009 Hunt, apart from the shorter introductory rounds, each main round had a unique structure and way of releasing new puzzles. In some Hunts, such as 1999's and 2008's, solvers are not told which sets of puzzles must be combined to create metapuzzles; figuring out the correct groupings is part of the puzzle.
While the hunt is hosted on MIT's campus, puzzles are generally delivered through a website that tracks team progress on puzzles that updates when puzzles are solved. Puzzles may also involve physical components to be solved on campus. In 2021 and 2022, the Mystery Hunt was held entirely remotely, due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
List of Hunts
|2023||teammate||The Team Formerly Known as the Team Formerly Known as the Team Formerly Known as the Team Formerly Known as the Team Formerly Known as the Team to Be Named Later||Exploring a museum, discovering and reactivating AIs created to write the hunt|
|2022||Palindrome||teammate||Literary genres, and books in general|
|2021||✈✈✈ Galactic Trendsetters ✈✈✈||Palindrome (Not So Boston)||Exploring an alternate-universe version of MIT through a massively multiplayer online game|
|2020||Left Out||✈✈✈ Galactic Trendsetters ✈✈✈||“Penny Park”, a fictional amusement park|
|2019||Setec Astronomy||Left Out||Holidays, the Great Molasses Flood of 1919, and the movie The Nightmare Before Christmas|
|2018||Life and Order (formerly Death and Mayhem)||Setec Astronomy||The 2015 movie Inside Out|
|2017||Setec Astronomy||Death and Mayhem||A role-playing game similar to Dungeons And Dragons|
|2016||Luck, I Am Your Father||Setec Astronomy||The movie Inception, and sleep in general|
|2015||One Fish Two Fish Random Fish Blue Fish||Luck, I Am Your Father||The exploration of the ocean|
|2014||Alice Shrugged (formerly the entire text of Atlas Shrugged)||One Fish Two Fish Random Fish Blue Fish||Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland|
|2013||Manic Sages||The entire text of Atlas Shrugged||A bank heist|
|2012||Codex||Manic Sages||The movie and musical The Producers, and musical theatre in general|
|2011||Metaphysical Plant||Codex||Video games, especially Super Mario Brothers and Portal|
|2010||Beginner's Luck||Metaphysical Plant||Alternate history and the (mostly fictional) history of the Mystery Hunt itself|
|2009||The Evil Midnight Bombers What Bomb At Midnight||Beginner's Luck||A sci-fi themed hunt based around Escape from Zyzzlvaria, an invented science fiction board game|
|2008||Palindrome (Dr. Awkward)||The Evil Midnight Bombers What Bomb At Midnight||A whodunit murder mystery|
|2007||The Evil Midnight Bombers What Bomb At Midnight||Palindrome (Dr. Awkward)||Hell and the Seven Deadly Sins|
|2006||Physical Plant||The Evil Midnight Bombers What Bomb At Midnight||The espionage genre|
|2005||Setec Astronomy||Physical Plant||Superhero powers|
|2004||The French Armada (formerly Kappa Sig)||Setec Astronomy||The movie Time Bandits|
|2003||Acme||Kappa Sig||The movie The Matrix|
|2002||Setec Astronomy||Acme||The game Monopoly|
|2001||Palindrome (PAINTTTNIAP)||Setec Astronomy||The horror genre|
|2000||Setec Astronomy||Palindrome (PAINTTTNIAP)||The movie The Wizard of Oz|
|1999||Acme||Setec Astronomy||Carmen Sandiego|
|1998||Palindrome (Ainamania)||Acme||Getting a college degree in Enigmatology|
|1997||Mark Gottlieb||Palindrome (Ainamania)||Elvis Presley|
|1996||Richard Garfield, Skaff Elias, et al||Chaos (Mark Gottlieb)||The book Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid by Douglas Hofstadter|
|1995||Mark Gottlieb||The Spanish Inquisition||The game Clue|
|1994||Eric Albert, Julian West, and others||The cyberpunk genre|
|1993||A search for the Holy Grail|
|1992||"Captain Red Herring's Mystery Island"|
|1991||Jan Maessen and Stephen Rinehart|
|1989||The Black Seven|
|1988||Eric Albert||The Black Seven|
|1985||JIM and DKS|
|1983||Brad Schaefer||Holman Reactionary Army (Jean-Joseph Coté)|
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- ^ "Melbourne University Mathematics and Statistics Society: Puzzle Hunt". Retrieved 2013-06-04.
- ^ "MIT IAP Mystery Hunt Puzzle Page: Related Links". MIT Mystery Hunt. Retrieved 2007-09-04.
- ^ a b Miliard, Mike (January 14, 2005). "Flex your head". Boston Phoenix. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-17.
- ^ Dowling, Claudia Glenn (June 5, 2005). "MIT Nerds". Discover Magazine. Retrieved 2007-08-17.
- ^ Bridges, Mary (2005-01-23). "Her Mystery achievement: to boldly scavenge at MIT". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2007-01-16.
- ^ a b c "MIT IAP Mystery Hunt: Introduction". MIT Mystery Hunt. Retrieved 2007-09-04.
- ^ "2006 Mystery Hunt". Retrieved 2007-09-04.
- ^ a b "2001 Mystery Hunt". Retrieved 2007-09-04.
- ^ "2006 Mystery Hunt:Sacred and Profane". Retrieved 2007-09-04.
- ^ "2004 Mystery Hunt". Retrieved 2007-09-04.
- ^ "2004 Mystery Hunt". Retrieved 2007-09-04.
- ^ "MIT Mystery Hunt Puzzle Index: Category Data Colleges, MIT, and Mystery Hunt". devjoe.appspot.com. Retrieved 2021-01-21.
- ^ Marcott, Amy. "Happy 30…er…29th Birthday, Mystery Hunt!". Slice of MIT. MIT Alumni. Archived from the original on 28 August 2011. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- ^ a b c d e f Albert, Eric (July 1991). "The Great Annual MIT Mystery Hunt". Games. Retrieved 2007-08-16.
- ^ "MIT Mystery Hunt 2014 Puzzle Overview". Team Overview in 2014 MIT Mystery Hunt. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
- ^ "2006 MIT Mystery Hunt: Kuala Lumpur ante solution". Web.mit.edu. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
- ^ "Mystery Hunt Archive". Web.mit.edu. Retrieved 2021-08-12.
- ^ The name "Escape from Zyzzlvaria" was introduced in a puzzle in the 2002 hunt
- ^ a b Gottlieb, Mark (1998). "Secrets of the MIT mystery hunt : an exploration of the theory underlying the construction of a multi-puzzle contest". Secrets of the MIT mystery hunt : An exploration of the theory underlying the construction of a multi-puzzle contest (Thesis). Massachusetts Institute of Technology. hdl:1721.1/43725.
- ^ Marcott, Amy. "Where Have All The Coins Been Hidden?". MIT Alumni. Archived from the original on 7 September 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
- ^ "1991 Mystery Hunt" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-02-08.
- ^ "1989 Mystery Hunt" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-01-31.
- ^ "1985 Mystery Hunt" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-01-31.
- ^ "1984 Mystery Hunt" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-01-31.
- Official Mystery Hunt website
- "Quiz Show". This American Life. February 16, 2007. Available online.
- Brown, Sasha (January 24, 2005). "Sleepless in Cambridge, they hunt the mystery coin". MIT News Office. Retrieved 2007-09-04.
- Short Radio Piece About the Hunt on Weekend America
- Short video piece about the 2009 Hunt on G4's Attack of the Show!