MS Anthi Marina

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from MS Spirit of Free Enterprise)
Jump to: navigation, search
AnthiMarina Milena Dimitroula PAgiasou in Piraeus.jpg
History
Name:
  • Spirit of Free Enterprise (1979-1987)
  • Pride of Kent (1987-1999)
  • P&OSL Kent (1999-2002)
  • PO Kent (2002-2003)
  • Anthi Marina (2003-2011)
Owner:
  • Townsend Thoresen (1979-1987)
  • P&O European Ferries (1987-2003)
  • GA Ferries (2003 Onwards)
Operator:
Port of registry: Piraeus, Greece
Ordered: 1979
Launched: 1979
Maiden voyage: 1980
In service: 1980
Out of service: 2012
Identification: IMO number: 7820473
Fate: Scrapped in 2012
General characteristics
Tonnage: 7,950 GRT
Length: 131.91 m (432 ft 9 in)
Beam: 23.19 m (76 ft 1 in)
Draught: 5.72 m (18 ft 9 in)
Speed: 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph)
Capacity: 1,300 passengers

MS Anthi Marina was the first of a class of three roll-on/roll-off (RORO) ferries built for Townsend Thoresen at the end of the 1970s. Her two sister ships were MS Pride of Free Enterprise and MS Herald of Free Enterprise.

As Spirit of Free Enterprise[edit]

Spirit of Free Enterprise operated reliably and successfully on Townsend's routes from her delivery in 1980 until the company was bought by P&O in 1987. In the same year, her identical sister ship Herald of Free Enterprise capsized while leaving Zeebrugge. The design of the ship was not found to be at fault, and after fitting of cameras to allow monitoring of the bow doors from the bridge she continued in service.

As Pride of Kent[edit]

In the aftermath of the sinking of Herald of Free Enterprise, P&O moved to change the appearance of the fleet. The Townsend red and white hull with light blue funnels was replaced with the P&O darker blue and white, and the old Townsend "Free Enterprise" names were replaced. Spirit of Free Enterprise became Pride of Kent in late 1987.

In 1991 Pride of Kent was extended in a process often known as "Jumboisation". The ship was cut in half and a new hull and superstructure section 31 metres in length was inserted amidships, raising her passenger capacity to 1,825 and her car capacity to 460. The work cost £20m and took six months.

In 1998 she was renamed P&OSL Kent following the merger of P&O European Ferries and Stena Line on the DoverCalais route, and later "P O Kent" in August 2002 (following P&O's buyout of Stena Line's 40% share in the joint venture).

In the spring of 2003 the ship was sold by P&O after a brief lay-up period in Dunkerque. She has been replaced by another ship again named Pride of Kent, an extensive rebuild of a former freight ferry.

As Anthi Marina[edit]

In 2006 she was named Anthi Marina and operated by GA Ferries between Piraeus, Kos and Rhodes. In addition to the jumboising carried out by P&O she then had a more conventionally shaped bow in place of her original clamshell doors, and an internal ramp to enable her upper car deck to be used in ports without double-deck linkspans. As most Greek ports lack the linkspans found elsewhere, the ship was usually docked stern-on to the quayside and vehicles loaded via a ramp mounted on the ship. She was laid-up in 2009 due to her owner's financial difficulties and she was scrapped in 2012.

Sister ships[edit]

Three ships were originally built for Townsend Thoresen for the services between Europe and the UK: Herald of Free Enterprise, Spirit of Free Enterprise and Pride of Free Enterprise.
Herald of Free Enterprise was scrapped in 1988 after the capsizing at Zeebrugge as Flushing Range.

Pride of Free Enterprise was broken up in late 2015.

This ship, Spirit of Free Enterprise sailed under a range of names on both English Channel as well as between the Greek islands. She was scrapped in September 2012 as MS Anthi Marina.