Aliağa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Aliağa
A view of Aliağa
A view of Aliağa
Aliağa is located in Turkey
Aliağa
Aliağa
Coordinates: 38°48′03″N 26°58′22″E / 38.80083°N 26.97278°E / 38.80083; 26.97278Coordinates: 38°48′03″N 26°58′22″E / 38.80083°N 26.97278°E / 38.80083; 26.97278
CountryTurkey
Provinceİzmir
Government
 • MayorSerkan Acar (MHP)
 • KaymakamIbrahim Keklik
Area
 • District274.22 km2 (105.88 sq mi)
Elevation
2 m (7 ft)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • Urban
59,124
 • District
76,598
 • District density280/km2 (720/sq mi)
Websitewww.aliaga.bel.tr

Aliağa, is a town and a district of Izmir Province in the Aegean Region of Turkey. The town is situated at about 50 km (31 mi) north of Izmir. Aliağa has a large port, mainly for oil and bulk cargo. Its economic activity is based on tourism, shipbreaking, and an oil refinery.

Overview and history[edit]

Aliağa lies in the heart of ancient Aeolia. The town was named after a member of the influential Karaosmanoğulları ayan family, Karaosmanoğlu Ali Ağa, who owned an estate here. It was a township in Menemen district in 1937 and became a municipality in 1952. It finally separated from Menemen and became a district on 21 January 1982.

The remains of the ancient city of Myrina are within the boundaries of the district, located at about fifteen km north of Aliağa center. Another ancient site is the yet unexplored Gryneion, near Şakran township on the peninsula, to the south of the center town, also at a distance of 15 km (9 mi). Visitors also often use the road from Aliağa to visit the remains of Aigai in Yuntdağı in Manisa Province.

In 2021, a monastery and floor mosaic have been found during an illegal excavation. Archaeologists believe that the monastery was used in the 4th century to the 14th century.[3]

Economy and geography[edit]

The D.550 roadway runs through the city, between Muğla-Edirne and also to İzmir. Aliağa is also connected to İzmir by İZBAN, a commuter railway operating around İzmir. İZBAN operates 15 daily trains from Aliağa Railway Station to Alsancak Terminal in İzmir. ESHOT operates the 740 bus line to İzmir as well.

Ship-breaking[edit]

There are several facilities for dismantling and scrapping ships.[4][5] The 2020 COVID-19 pandemic sped up the process of ship recycling because owners of idled cruise ships looked to stem the red ink.[6]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^ Monastery, mosaic found in illegal digs
  4. ^ "Turkey". August 16, 2018.
  5. ^ "Carnival Cruise Line's Carnival Imagination is the 3rd to be scrapped". Cruise Mapper. August 26, 2020. Retrieved August 27, 2020. The 2,056-guest Carnival Imagination filed a cruise plan for Aliaga, Turkey, the spot of a major ship scrapping operation that became the final resting place for notable vessels like Princess Cruises‘ Pacific Princess - the “Love Boat.
  6. ^ "Turkey, the place where idled cruise ships go to die". National Post, a division of Postmedia Network Inc. Bloomberg News. 29 October 2020.