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Paradise fish female and male 02.jpg
A pair of Macropodus opercularis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Anabantiformes
Family: Osphronemidae
Subfamily: Macropodusinae
Genus: Macropodus
Lacépède, 1801
Type species
Macropodus viridiauratus
Lacépède, 1801
  • Polyacanthus G. Cuvier, 1829
  • Pedites Gistel, 1848

Macropodus is a genus of small to medium-sized labyrinth fish native to freshwater habitats in eastern Asia.[1] Most species are restricted to southern China (including Hong Kong and Taiwan) and Vietnam, but M. opercularis occurs as far north as the Yangtze basin, and M. ocellatus occurs north to the Amur River, as well as in Japan and Korea.[1] In China, they are often used for fights, so they are named Chinese bettas because of their similarity to the Betta genus. A few species in the genus are regularly seen in the aquarium trade, and M. opercularis has been introduced to regions far outside its native range.[2]


As of 2014, the recognized species in this genus are:[1]


  1. ^ a b c Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2014). Species of Macropodus in FishBase. July 2014 version.
  2. ^ SeriouslyFish: Macropodus opercularis. Retrieved 16 July 2014.