|Named after||Walter Baade, Landon T. Clay|
|Part of||Las Campanas Observatory|
|Location(s)||Atacama Region, Chile|
|Organization||Carnegie Institution for Science|
|Altitude||2,516 m (8,255 ft)|
|First light||15 September 2001, 7 September 2002|
|Telescope style||Gregorian telescope|
|Number of telescopes||2|
|Diameter||6.5 m (21 ft 4 in)|
|Related media on Commons|
The Magellan Telescopes are a pair of 6.5-metre-diameter (21 ft) optical telescopes located at Las Campanas Observatory in Chile. The two telescopes are named after the astronomer Walter Baade and the philanthropist Landon T. Clay. First light for the telescopes was on September 15, 2000 for the Baade, and September 7, 2002 for the Clay. A consortium consisting of the Carnegie Institution for Science, University of Arizona, Harvard University, the University of Michigan and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology built and operate the twin telescopes. The telescopes were named after the sixteenth-century Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan.
Current instruments on the Magellan Telescopes
- Inamori Magellan Areal Camera and Spectrograph (IMACS)
- Folded port InfraRed Echellette (FIRE)
- Magellan Echellete (MagE)
- Magellan Inamori Kyocera Echelle (MIKE) spectrograph
- Low-Dispersion Survey Spectrograph-3 (LDSS-3)
- Megacam imager
- Michigan/Magellan Fiber System (M2FS)
Magellan Planet Search Program
MagAO Adaptive Optics System
In 2013, Clay (Magellan II) was equipped with an adaptive secondary mirror called MagAO which allowed it to take the sharpest visible-light images to date, capable of resolving objects 0.02 arcseconds across—equivalent to a dime (1.8 cm) seen from 100 miles (160 km) away.
MagAO was originally intended for the Large Binocular Telescope (LBT), but the secondary mirror was damaged before it could be installed. The project leader Laird Close and his team were able to repair and repurpose the broken mirror for use on Magellan II. As built for the LBT, the original MagAO mirror had a diameter of 36 inches (0.91 m). However, the edge of the mirror was broken. Technicians at Steward Observatory were able to cut the mirror to 33.5 inches (0.85 m) in diameter, thereby removing the broken edge.
Part of Las Campanas Observatory after snowfall, with the Magellan telescopes at the right.
Telescopes at night
- Harvard & Smithsonian (6 February 2022). "Mission Critical: Giant Magellan Telescope Ranked a National Priority". SciTechDaily. Retrieved 7 February 2022.
- Minniti, Dante; Butler, R. Paul; López-Morales, Mercedes; Shectman, Stephen A.; Adams, Fred C.; Arriagada, Pamela; Boss, Alan P.; Chambers, John E. (2009). "Low Mass Companions for Five Solar-Type Stars from the Magellan Planet Search Program". The Astrophysical Journal. 693 (2): 1424–1430. arXiv:0810.5348. Bibcode:2009ApJ...693.1424M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/693/2/1424. S2CID 119224845.
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- Wall, Mike (21 August 2013). "New Telescope Tech Takes Sharpest Night Sky Photos Ever". Space.com. Retrieved 29 July 2020.
- Beal, Tom (22 August 2013). "University of Arizona astronomers see more clearly than ever". Arizona Daily Star. Archived from the original on 25 August 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2020.