Magne Charge

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Magne chargers in California

Magne Charge is a largely obsolete inductive charging system, also known as J1773, used to charge battery electric vehicles (BEV) formerly made by General Motors, for vehicles such as the EV1, Chevy S10 EV, and other electric vehicles.[citation needed] It was produced by the General Motors subsidiary Delco Electronics.[1] It is still used by a few hundred first generation Toyota RAV4 EV electric vehicles. As these first generation Toyota RAV4 EV electric vehicles retire from the roadways, Magne Charge will be completely obsolete since no existing or future electric vehicles can use it. The 2012 Gen 2 RAV4 EV, as well as the Nissan Leaf and Chevrolet Volt, use J1772 instead of the obsolete Magne Charge.

Level 2 most common was the 6.6 kW version. Level 3 higher power 50 kW fast charge versions were demonstrated.[2]

This charger was unique in that its charge port used an inductive charge paddle, of which there were two sizes, a small and large paddle.[3] The system was designed to be safe even when used in the rain, and was demonstrated in operation fully submerged in water.[1] These are often referred on electric vehicle charging station maps as SPI and LPI stations for Small Paddle Inductive and Large Paddle Inductive stations.

Magne Charge support was withdrawn by General Motors in 2002,[4] after the California Air Resources Board settled on a conductive charging interface for electric vehicles in California in June, 2001.[5][6] It has also been referred to as Magne-Charge[7] and MagneCharge.[8]

In 2011 the California Energy Commission created the Reconnect CA Program, a grant program to upgrade and expand existing publicly available EV charging infrastructure to the new SAE J1772 charging standard.

In the movie Gattaca (1997), a character is shown plugging a Magne Charge paddle into his electric car.


  1. ^ a b "Demonstration of the Magne Charge Inductive Charging System." (Video). General Motors Corp., 1998. Retrieved on 2007-08-23.
  2. ^ "EV1 Club 10/17/98 Club Meeting". EV1 Club. Retrieved 2011-05-31. George Bellino, GMATV Magne Charge Program Assistant Manager, 50 KW Inductive Fast Charge Fleet Demo program status 
  3. ^ "EB-EAA Meeting History (May)". Electric Auto Association East (SF) Bay Chapter. 2001-05-19. Retrieved 2010-05-21. Inductive - old large & new small 
  4. ^ "EV1 Club Home Page". EV1 Club. Retrieved 2007-08-23. GM Pulls the Plug on Inductive Charging: Letter from General Motors Advanced Technology Vehicles (Letter dated 2002-03-15) 
  5. ^ "ARB Amends ZEV Rule: Standardizes Chargers & Addresses Automaker Mergers" (Press release). California Air Resources Board. 2001-06-28. Retrieved 2010-05-23. the ARB approved the staff proposal to select the conductive charging system used by Ford, Honda and several other manufacturers 
  6. ^ "Rulemaking: 2001-06-26 Updated and Informative Digest ZEV Infrastructure and Standardization" (PDF). title 13, California Code of Regulations. California Air Resources Board. 2002-05-13. Retrieved 2010-05-23. Standardization of Charging Systems 
  7. ^ "Inductive Technology to Charge GM's New Electric Vehicles." (Press Release). Chevrolet/Geo Communications, General Motors, 1996-09-01. Retrieved on 2007-08-23.
  8. ^ US 5703462  "Inductive coupler assembly having its primary winding formed in a printed wiring board."

External links[edit]

Reconnect CA Program