Magnolia × loebneri

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Magnolia × loebneri
Magnoliaceae - Magnolia stellata rosea.JPG
Flowers of Magnolia × loebneri 'Leonard Messel' at Burcina Park, Biella, Italy
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Magnoliids
Order: Magnoliales
Family: Magnoliaceae
Genus: Magnolia
Subgenus: M. subg. Yulania
Section: M. sect. Yulania subsect. Yulania
Species: Magnolia × loebneri
Binomial name
Magnolia × loebneri

Magnolia × loebneri Kache[1] is a hybrid of two Magnolia species, the Japanese Magnolia kobus and M. stellata.[2] crossed by Garteninspektor Max Löbner of Pillnitz, Germany, shortly before World War I;[3] it first flowered in 1917.[4] The deciduous, elegant[5] and compact multi-stemmed small flowering tree or large shrub, slowly attaining a height of 20 feet and somewhat wider at maturity, is hardy to USDA Zone 4.[6] Its fragrant late flowers, following its stellata parent by a couple of weeks, escape unexpected late spring frosts, but appear on the bare branches, to great effect. The deep pink buds open in informal strap-like tepals with pale shell pink upper surfaces and darker pink-purple lower ones. Like most magnolias, it thrives best on acid soils.

The selection, 'Leonard Messel' was a chance hybrid that was developed at Messel's garden in Sussex, Nymans. This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[7] Also on the market are white 'Ballerina' and the late-flowering white 'Merrill' that extend the loebneri season.


  1. ^ Kache designated the new hybrid in 1920, to honour Max Löbner.[citation needed]
  2. ^ "In every way similar to M. stellata": Ben Blackburn, "A promising hybrid magnolia", New York Botanical Garden Journal (1951:43ff).
  3. ^ Michael Dirr, Manual of Woody Landscape Plants (1983).
  4. ^ Oregon State University: Magnolia × loebneri.
  5. ^ "Elegant": Robin Lane Fox, Thoughtful Gardening (2010:92); "perhaps the finest of all the magnolias": Frances Tenenbaum, Taylor's 50 Best Trees(1999:65).
  6. ^ It "has performed well in the Minnesota Landscape Arboretum, according to Melinda Myers, Minnesota Gardener's Guide, (2005:213).
  7. ^ "Magnolia × loebneri 'Leonard Messel'". Royal Horticultural Society. 2017. Retrieved 2017-01-23.