Ministry of Interior (Thailand)

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Kingdom of Thailand
Ministry of Interior
Lanchakon - 026.jpg
"The Seal of the Lion" by Prince Narisara Nuvadtivongs
Ministry overview
Formed 1 April 1892
  • (etc.)
Jurisdiction Government of Thailand
Headquarters Office of the Minister of Interior, Asadang Road, Ratchabophit, Bangkok 10200
Annual budget 179,373.5 million baht (2007)
Ministers responsible

The Ministry of Interior of the Kingdom of Thailand (Thai: กระทรวงมหาดไทย; rtgsKrasuang Mahatthai; Abrv: MOI) is a cabinet-level department in the Government of Thailand. The ministry has wide ranging responsibilities. The ministry is responsibile for local administration, internal security, citizenship, disaster management, road safety,[1] land management, issuance of national identity cards, and public works. The ministry is responsible for appointing the 76 governors of the Provinces of Thailand. The minister of interior (Thai: รัฐมนตรีกระทรวงมหาดไทย) is the head of the ministry. He is appointed by the King of Thailand on the recommendation of the prime minister. Since 30 August 2014, the head of the ministry has been retired General Anupong Paochinda. He is aided by one deputy minister.


The ministry in its present form was founded by King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) in his reforms of the Siamese government. The ministry was founded on the 1 April 1892. He appointed his brother Prince Damrong Rajanubhab, to be its first "minister of state". At the time the ministry was divided into three divisions: the central division (Thai: กรมมหาดไทยกลาง), the northern division (Thai: กรมมหาดไทยฝ่ายเหนือ), and the local administration division (Thai: กรมพลัมภัง).

Prince Damrong reorganized the workings of the entire ministry and as a result the entire country. He created the monthon system, a complete new system of sub-divisions of the kingdom. He and the ministry took on so much power, that he was considered second only to the king. After King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) succeeded his father in 1910, the relationship between king and Prince Damrong deteriorated. In 1915 Prince Damrong resigned, officially citing health reasons, though it was an open secret that disagreements with the king were the real reason.

During the Revolution of 1932 (actually, coup d'état), the Minister of Interior was Prince Paripatra Sukhumbhand, who was exiled after the revolution because of his power. From then on the minister became an appointed position within the Cabinet of Thailand. Most ministers had been former police officials.

Statue of Prince Damrong Rajanubhab, outside the Ministry of Interior


Administrative divisions
of Thailand
Special governed cities


  • Office of the Minister
  • Office of the Permanent Secretary

Dependent departments[edit]

  • Community Development Department
  • Department of Lands
  • Department of Provincial Administration (DOPA) กรมการปกครอง
  • Department of Local Administration
  • Department of Disaster Prevention and Mitigation
    • Road Safety Direction Centre[1]
  • Department of Public Works and Town and Country Planning

State Enterprises[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Head, Jonathan (19 January 2017). "Life and death on Thailand's lethal roads". BBC News. Retrieved 19 January 2017. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 13°45′01″N 100°29′51″E / 13.750385°N 100.49749°E / 13.750385; 100.49749