Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Thailand)

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Kingdom of Thailand
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
กระทรวงการต่างประเทศ
Seal of the Minister of Foreign Affair of Thailand.svg
"The Seal of the Crystal Lotus"
Ministry overview
Formed14 April 1840; 179 years ago (1840-04-14)
JurisdictionGovernment of Thailand
HeadquartersSri Ayutthaya Building, 443 Sri Ayutthaya Rd, Phaya Thai, Ratchathewi, Bangkok 10400
Annual budget9.2 billion baht (FY2019)
Minister responsible
Ministry executive
  • Norachit Sinhaseni, Permanent Secretary of the Ministry
Websitewww.mfa.go.th

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Abrv: MFA; Thai: กระทรวงการต่างประเทศ, RTGSKrasuang Kan Tang Prathet) is the principal governmental department in charge of foreign relations for Thailand. The ministry is headed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs, who is also a member of the Cabinet of Thailand. The minister is appointed by the prime minister. The ministry is charged with formulating and executing foreign policies for the Kingdom of Thailand. The ministry manages and maintains Thai diplomatic missions around the globe.

History[edit]

Prior to the creation of the ministry, much of the country's foreign relations were handled by the absolute monarchs of the day. During the Kingdom of Ayutthaya foreign relations were handled by the "Krom Phra Khlang" (Thai: กรมพระคลัง) (or the Treasury Department). The head of the department was known as "Phra Khlang" (Thai: พระคลัง) and occasionally referred to as "Berguelang" or "Barcelon" by foreign authors. The famous 17th-century Siamese ambassador to France Kosa Pan was the younger brother of King Narai's "Phra Khlang" Kosathibodi. Soon after, a sub-department called "Kromma Tha" (Thai: กรมท่า, "Port Department") was created to deal with foreigners.

During the Bangkok Period most of these features were retained. For instance, the Chau Phaya-Phraklang in his capacity as Minister of State on behalf of Jessadabodindra[1] negotiated the Siamese-American Treaty of Amity and Commerce of 1833 with Edmund Roberts in his capacity as Minister of the United States on behalf of President Andrew Jackson.

In 1840, King Mongkut, the next king, founded the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Siam, which was administered directly by the king. The responsibilities and roles of the old "Krom" were shifted to this ministry. Chao Phraya Bhanuwong became the first Foreign Minister of Siam in 1871, appointed by King Chulalongkorn. In 1881 Prince Devavongse Varoprakarn was appointed to replace him. Known today as the "father of Thai diplomacy" he reorganized and modernized the ministry to meet 19th century standards. The ministry was then permanently established at Saranrom Palace, east of the Grand Palace. The ministry was divided into seven divisions:[2]

  • Senabodi Division (Ministerial Division)
  • Under-Secretary Division
  • Translation Division
  • Reception Division
  • Accounts Division
  • Filing Division
  • Diplomatic Division
  • Consular Division

Foreign affairs advisers[edit]

From 1892 to 1924, the Siamese government retained the professional legal services of lawyers skilled in international law.

Reorganization[edit]

After the Revolution of 1932, the ministry came under civilian control and the minister was made a member of the constitutional government of Siam. The first minister under this new system was Phraya Sri Visarn Vacha.[5]

See more at: Foreign relations of Thailand

Operations[edit]

The MFA budget for FY2019 is 9,197.3 million baht.[6]

Administration[edit]

  • Office of the Minister
  • Office of the Permanent Secretary

Functional departments[edit]

  • Department of Consular Affairs
  • Department of Protocol
  • Thailand International Development Cooperation Agency
  • Department of International Economic Affairs
  • Department of Treaties and Legal Affairs
  • Department of Information
  • Department of International Organizations

Regional departments[edit]

  • Department of European Affairs
  • Department of American and South Pacific Affairs
  • Department of ASEAN Affairs (for cooperation under the framework of the ASEAN group; bilateral relations between Thailand and each ASEAN member is under the East Asian Affairs Department)
  • Department of East Asian Affairs
  • Department of South Asian, Middle East and African Affairs

List of ministers[edit]

This is a list of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Thailand:[7][8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Roberts, Edmund (October 12, 2007) [First published in 1837]. "Chapter XX―Division of Time". Embassy to the Eastern courts of Cochin-China, Siam, and Muscat: in the U. S. sloop-of-war Peacock ... during the years 1832-3-4 (Digital ed.). Harper & Brothers. pp. 310–311. Retrieved April 25, 2012. [T]he capital [is] called Si-a-Yuthia, (pronounced See-ah-you-té-ah....)
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-01. Retrieved 2008-12-03.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Obias, Peter B. (1972). "Treaty Revision and the Role of the American Foreign Affairs Adviser 1909-1925" (PDF). Journal of the Siam Society. Siam Society. JSS Vol.60.1e (digital). Retrieved September 7, 2013.
  4. ^ Thamsook Numnonda (1974). "The First American Advisers in Thai History" (PDF). Journal of the Siam Society. Siam Society. JSS Vol.62.2f (digital): image 5. Retrieved September 7, 2013. The eventful forty-two year reign of King Chulalongkorn of Thailand (1868-1910) was a landmark in Thai history. It was the period that Thailand began to develop herself into a modern state, with the abolition of extrality (extraterritoriality), the negotiations of treaties, the reform of law and judicial administration, and the reorganization of governmental agencies. The achievement of these aims was, in fact, partly due to the work of the "foreign advisers" who shared roles in the affairs of this small Asian country.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-05-26. Retrieved 2008-12-03.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Thailand's Budget in Brief Fiscal Year 2019 (Revised ed.). Bureau of the Budget Thailand. 2018. p. 82. Retrieved 2019-01-18.
  7. ^ http://rulers.org/fm4.html
  8. ^ "Names of Past Foreign Ministers". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 4 March 2016.

External links[edit]