Mainalo

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Mainalo
Μαίναλο
A photo taken in the summer of a mountainside of Mainalo. The mountainside is completely covered in a green forest of Greek fir.
Greek fir forest on Mount Mainalo
Highest point
PeakOstrakina or Profitis Ilias
Elevation1,981 m (6,499 ft) [1]
Coordinates37°38′37″N 22°16′47″E / 37.6436°N 22.2797°E / 37.6436; 22.2797Coordinates: 37°38′37″N 22°16′47″E / 37.6436°N 22.2797°E / 37.6436; 22.2797
Dimensions
Area226 km2 (87 sq mi)
Naming
Etymologyfrom Ancient Greek Μαίναλον (Maínalon)
Geography
The location of Mainalo on a blank map of the relief of the Peloponnese, Greece
The location of Mainalo on a blank map of the relief of the Peloponnese, Greece
Mainalo
The mountain is in the middle of the Peloponnese, in Arcadia, Greece
Geology
Mountain typeMount
Climbing
Easiest routeHike
Ostrakina skiing slope
Alonistaina on Mount Mainalo

Mainalo (Greek: Μαίναλο, Ancient Greek: Μαίναλος or Μαίναλον, translit. Mainalos or Mainalon; Latin: Maenalus[2]) is the tallest mountain in the Menalon mountain range of the Peloponnese, and is found in Arcadia, Greece. In antiquity, the mountain was especially sacred to Pan.[2]

The mountain's highest point, known as both Profitis Ilias and Ostrakina,[1][3] at a height of 1,981 m (6,499 ft),[1] is the highest point in Arcadia.[4] The mountain has a length of 15 to 20 kilometres (9.3 to 12.4 mi) from southwest of Tripoli to northeast of Vytina, and a width of 5 to 10 kilometres (3.1 to 6.2 mi) from Zygovisti to Kapsas.[4] The mountain is part of a Natura 2000 site, designated in March 2011, covering an area of 226 square kilometres (87 sq mi).[5] In the 19th and early 20th century, the mountain was known as Apano Chrepa.[6]

Mainalo is home to a ski resort, which is found at an elevation of 1,600 metres (5,200 ft), with 7 ski slopes and 4 lifts,[7] which are at an altitude between 1,550 to 1,770 metres (5,090 to 5,810 ft).[4]

Geography[edit]

Mainalo's ground is mostly made of lime.[5]

Mainalo has various named peaks. Listed by height, they are, among others;[1][3][8]

  • Ostrakina or Profitis Ilias at 1,981 metres (6,499 ft)
  • Pateritsa at 1,875 metres (6,152 ft)
  • Tzelati at 1,868 metres (6,129 ft)
  • Mesovouni at 1,860 metres (6,100 ft)
  • Aidini at 1,849 metres (6,066 ft)
  • Mavri Koryfi at 1,818 metres (5,965 ft)
  • Mourtzia at 1,794 metres (5,886 ft)

Ecology[edit]

The mountain houses many forests of Greek fir and Crimean pine. Natura 2000 cites these forests as the "[Greek fir and Crimean pine's] best representation in Peloponnisos."[5]

Many amphibians, reptiles, mammals, insects, and diurnal predatory birds inhabit Mainalo. These include, among others;[5]

Notable people[edit]

The following people were associated with the ancient city Maenalus, which may have stood near the summit of Mainalo:[2][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Μαίναλο - Γράφημα των κορυφών του Μαίναλου" [Mainalo - Graph of the peaks of Mainalo]. Oreivatein. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b c  Smith, William, ed. (1857). "Maenalus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. 2. London: John Murray. pp. 243–244.
  3. ^ a b "Στην κορυφή Τζελάτη του Μαινάλου" [At the Tzelati peak of Mainalo]. hikingexperience.gr (in Greek). October 15, 2011. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  4. ^ a b c "Mainalo". Peloponnese Travel Guide in Greece - Peloponnese.eu. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d "N2K GR2520001 dataforms". Natura 2000. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  6. ^ Orr, James (1915). "Greece; Graecia". International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. II. Chicago: Howard-Severance Co. p. 1296 – via Archive.org.
  7. ^ "Ostrakina Ski Center - Mainalon". Greek Travel Pages. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  8. ^ "Εξoρμιση στο Μαιναλο με φωτογραφιεσ απο ορειβασία μέσα απο το χιόνι" [Excrusion in Mainalo with photos of hiking through snow]. TheWebRadio.gr. 12 February 2018. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  9. ^ Leake, William Martin (1846). "Gates of Helos". Peloponnesiaca: a Supplement to Travels on the Moréa. London: J. Rodwell. pp. 241–243 – via Google Books.
  10. ^ a b c d e Leake, William Martin (1846). "Olympia". Peloponnesiaca: a Supplement to Travels on the Moréa. London: J. Rodwell. pp. 59–65 – via Google Books.
  11. ^ a b Matz, David (1991). Greek and Roman sport: a dictionary of athletes and events from the eighth century B.C. to the third century A.D. United States: McFarland & Company Incorporated Pub. ISBN 9780899505589. OCLC 925131929.
  12. ^ a b c d Golden, Mark (2004). Sport in the Ancient World from A to Z. United States: Routledge. ISBN 9781134535965 – via Archive.org.
  13. ^ Durántez Corral, Conrado (2010). El significado de la victoria en los juegos de Olimpia - Los vencedores Olimpicos [The significance of victory in the games of Olympia - The Olympic victors] (PDF) (in Spanish). León: University of León.

External links[edit]

Media related to Mainalo at Wikimedia Commons