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Official language Tamil
Family Dynasty Malayamān
Capital Tirukkoyilur (Nadu Naadu)

The Malayamān family dynasty of the Velir royal house were chiefs (Araiyars) who ruled Miladu Naadu (Tirukkoyilur) of Tamilakkam during the Sangam period and worked closely with the early Cholas of the Chola Dynasty and the Chera Dynasty. Chiefs of this dynasty readily took the title Chēdirāyan, and delighted in their rule of hill countries. This clan's most famous king was Malaiyamān Thirumudi Kāri. Their royal emblem featured a horse, depicted on their issued coins. Many castes today claim descent from Malayaman Dennis B. McGilvray in his book "Crucible of conflict" states "Malayaman is just a section/title of the udaiyar caste in south arcot today, but Burton Stein also finds the title in a thirteenth-century inscription identifying Vanniar (Chieftain) subcastes of south arcot in the left-right caste classification typical of the chola empire. Again Malayaman is mentioned as Vanniar (Chieftain) by Padmanathan in his book 'The Kingdom of Jafna'. [1][2][3][4]


Tirukkoyilur has many temples built before the 12th century. Many saintly poets visited these temples and wrote poems in praise of the gods. Thirukoyilur Sri Veerateshwarar Temple is a well-known ashtaveeratanam temple in Tamil Nadu.[citation needed]

Copper-plate grant[edit]

Vanavan Mahadevi, a princess from the Malayaman clan, was the mother of the emperor Raja Raja Chola I. She committed sati at the king’s death and her image may have been installed at the Thanjavur temple by her daughter, Kundavai Pirāttiyār.[citation needed]

Malayaman coins[edit]

The Malayamans issued copper coins of quadrilateral shape which bore their royal emblem, a horse (sometimes facing left, and sometimes right). In some of the early coins, the legend "Malayaman" above the horse motif decorates the coin obverse. Most of their coins carried the symbolic map of their territory on the reverse: "A wide curved river with fishes flowing in it, and a hillock on side of the river". This depicted the territory over which they ruled. The Malayaman coins generally weighed from 2–4 g and were thin, unlike the contemporary Chera coins.[citation needed]


  1. ^ S. Pathmanathan. The Kingdom of Jaffna, Volume 1. 
  2. ^ McGilvray, Dennis B. (2008). Crucible of conflict: Tamil and Muslim society on the east coast of Sri Lanka. Duke University Press. 
  3. ^ Stein, Burton (1980). Peasant, state, and society in medieval South India. New Delhi : Oxford University Press. 
  4. ^ Journal of Indian History, Volumes 9-10. 1930. 

Further reading[edit]