Malcolm Struan Tonnochy
|Malcolm Struan Tonnochy|
|Administrator of Hong Kong|
|Preceded by||Sir John Pope Hennessy|
|Succeeded by||Sir William Henry Marsh|
|Acting Colonial Treasurer|
|Acting Colonial Secretary|
|Superintendent of Victoria Gaol|
|Born||5 December 1841
Uttar Pradesh, Bengal, British India
|Died||14 December 1882 (aged 41)
|Relations||Thomas Tonnochy Esq (father)
Caroline Kemball (mother)
|Profession||civil servant, colonial administrator|
Tonnochy was born in Bengal, India in December 1841 to Thomas Tonnochy (a colonial collector in Bulundshahr) and Caroline Kemball. He was of Scottish and Indian extraction: his paternal grandfather was a Scot (Bengal Army Sergeant Major Thomas Tonnochie) and his paternal grandmother, Catharine, was probably Indian. His maternal grandfather was a Conductor of Ordnance and maternal grandmother most likely Indian too. He was sent to England for education at Blackheath Proprietary School followed by Trinity College, Cambridge.
Colonial Service in Hong Kong
It seems that Tonnochy did not complete his studies at Cambridge, choosing instead to try for a new cadetship in the Hong Kong Civil Service, by competitive examination in 1862. In this he was successful, along with fellow candidates Cecil Clementi Smith and Walter Meredith Deane, the three of them comprising the first appointments on merit in a service that was beginning to modernise. Tonnochy worked his way up to hold many posts including Coroner, Assistant Harbour Master, Police Magistrate, acting Colonial Treasurer (when James Russell was absent), acting Colonial Secretary and as judge in the Royal Navy's Vice Admiralty Court of Hong Kong from 1879 to 1882. From 1876 to 1882 he was Superintendent of Victoria Gaol (under Hong Kong Police 1876-1879 and Hong Kong Correctional Services from 1879 to 1882). He was acting Administrator (i.e. Governor) for two short periods, in 1881 during the absence of Sir John Pope Hennessy in Peking, and in 1882 after Hennessy left office.
Unlike most colonial officials in Hong Kong at the time, Tonnochy was never honoured with any titles. The only place that bears his name is Tonnochy Road in Wan Chai. Club Tonnochy and Tonnochy Night Club are named and located on the street named for him.
- Francis Henry May Superintendent of Victoria Gaol from 1896-1902
- List of heads of Hong Kong by education
- "Tonnochy, Malcolm Struan (TNCY860MS)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Tsang, Steve. Governing Hong Kong: Administrative Officers from the 19th Century to the Hand-over to China, 1862-1997. London: I.B. Tauris, 2007.
- Obituary: The London and China Telegraph, January 22, 1883, p74.
Sir John Pope Hennessy
|Governor of Hong Kong (Administrator)
7–28 March 1882
Sir William Henry Marsh