Manuel Junction

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Manuel Junction
PlaceNear Whitecross
AreaFalkirk (council area)
Coordinates55°58′39″N 3°39′22″W / 55.9776°N 3.6562°W / 55.9776; -3.6562Coordinates: 55°58′39″N 3°39′22″W / 55.9776°N 3.6562°W / 55.9776; -3.6562
Grid referenceNS966773
Original companyEdinburgh and Glasgow Railway /
Slamannan and Borrowstounness Railway
Pre-groupingNorth British Railway
Operated byScottish Railway Preservation Society
PlatformsHistoric - 3 (2 Upper, 1 Lower), Preservation - 1
21 February 1842Bo'ness Junction (high level) opened on E&GR[1]
10 June 1856Manuel (low level) opened on S&BR (Monkland Railways)[2]
January 1866High level station renamed Manuel[1][2]
UnknownHigh level station renamed Manuel High Level; Low Level station rename Manuel Low Level[2]
1 May 1933Manuel Low Level closed[2]
6 March 1967Manuel High Level closed[2]
1990Track restored between Birkhill and Manuel by BR
9 May 2010Bo'ness and Kinneil Railway service extended to Manuel
29 June 2013New-built platform opened at Manuel
Stations on heritage railways in the United Kingdom
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal
     Manuel Junction
1856 to 1933
Coatbridge Line Junction
Bo'ness Low Junction
Bo'ness High Junction
Shieldhill Branch Junction
Causewayend Junction

Manuel Junction is a railway junction near the village of Whitecross, Falkirk, Scotland. It is the terminus of the Bo'ness and Kinneil Railway (operated by the Scottish Railway Preservation Society (SRPS)) and forms a connection between it and the Glasgow–Edinburgh via Falkirk line.

It is not to be confused with Bo'ness Junction which refers rather to the mainline junction adjacent to Manuel Junction on the Edinburgh–Glasgow line. There is no station here but services operated almost entirely by Abellio ScotRail pass on the Edinburgh–Glasgow service and Edinburgh–Dunblane service. The area's signals are controlled by Edinburgh Signalling Centre (SC). There is a loop on the westbound side and a disused west facing siding. The siding leading to the Bo'ness and Kinneil Railway and Manuel Junction is east facing on the eastbound side and is controlled by Bo'ness ground frame, which is released by Edinburgh SC.


The junction is constructed on the site of the original Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway Bo'ness Junction station which was first opened on 21 February 1842.[1] The original station had two platforms on the E&G (upper) line. In 1856[2] a single platform was opened with the (lower) Slamannan and Borrowstounness Railway line, part of the Monkland Railways and connected to the Slamannan Railway. Trains going from Bo'ness to the E&GR (westbound) used a steeply graded curve which the modern trackbed shares which rose from the north-facing Bo'ness Low Junction up to the west-facing Bo'ness High Junction.[3] To the west of the Bo'ness High Junction was the east-facing Coatbridge Line Junction[3] which allowed trains from the Linlithgow direction to head southbound on the Monkland Railways.

The low-level station was closed in 1933.[2] The upper station at Manuel survived until 1967[2] at which time the branch was cut back to Kinneil Colliery.

Preceding station Historical railways Following station
Causewayend   North British Railway
Slamannan and Borrowstounness Railway
Linlithgow   North British Railway
Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway
Heritage Railways  Heritage railways
Terminus   Bo'ness and Kinneil Railway   Birkhill


Manuel Signals alt text
A view of the track layout controlled by Manuel Link Ground Frame leading to the mainline
The old station building from Moniaive.

The line to the junction was relaid in 1990 by British Rail with funding from Tesco PLC so that SRPS Railtours could relocate their base of operations and coaching stock to Bo'ness from its previous base at Perth which was too crowded. The current junction with Network Rail is east-facing.

There is now a platform at Manuel and passengers on the branch service can now be able to alight and disembark whilst the train waits for the locomotive to run-round each and every trip. The newly constructed platform finally opened (officially to the public) on 29 June 2013.[citation needed]

The old station building at Moniaive has been offered to the SRPS as a suitable structure for the site.[4]

Track layout[edit]

Manuel's track layout features a long curving loop with a short headshunt at the west end. The link-line leaves the loop approximately 13 BR Mk1 coach lengths from the end of the headshunt. A small trap point is located some way up the link line and further up, a gate, signifying the edge of the SRPS's ground. On the approach to Manuel, a fixed distant signal is encountered shortly before the line curves and climbs steeply up to the junction itself. The points at the north-west end of the loop are controlled by a 3-lever ground frame known as Manuel North. The east-facing link line is controlled by a 5-lever ground frame which includes mechanical control of two signals: a raised yellow disc signal reads up the link line and up onto Network Rail and a small arm signal prevents moves onto the B&KR. The points at the west end are hand points. Both ground frames are controlled by the train staff using Annett's locks and all signals are tubular upper quadrant in design. The points at the Network Rail end of the link-line are controlled from a ground frame released from Edinburgh SC.



  1. ^ a b c Butt (1995), page 39
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Butt (1995), page 154
  3. ^ a b Jowett (1989), page 23, Map A
  4. ^ Armstrong, Charles. Moniaive Station. Sou'West. Summer 2015. No.170. page 11.


  • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199.
  • Jowett, Alan (March 1989). Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-086-0. OCLC 22311137.
  • Yonge, John (May 1987). Gerald Jacobs, ed. British Rail Track Diagams - Book 1: ScotRail (1st ed.). Exeter: Quail Map Company. ISBN 0-9006-0948-6.
  • Yonge, John (February 1993). Gerald Jacobs, ed. Railway Track Diagams - Book 1: Scotland and the Isle of Man (2nd ed.). Exeter: Quail Map Company. ISBN 0-9006-0995-8.
  • Yonge, John (April 1996). Gerald Jacobs, ed. Railway Track Diagams - Book 1: Scotland and the Isle of Man (3rd ed.). Exeter: Quail Map Company. ISBN 1-8983-1919-7.
  • Yonge, John (2007). Gerald Jacobs, ed. Railway Track Diagams - Book 1: Scotland & Isle of Man (Quail Track Plans) (fifth ed.). Bradford on Avon: Trackmaps (formerly Quail Map Co). ISBN 978-0-9549866-3-6. OCLC 79435248.

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