Margaret Dobbs

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Margaret Dobbs
Margaret Emmeline Conway Dobbs

19 November 1871
Died2 January 1962
Occupationwriter, scholar

Margaret Emmeline Dobbs (19 November 1871- 2 January 1962) was an Irish scholar and playwright, best known for her work to preserve the Irish language.[1][2][3]

Life and career[edit]

Born in November 1971 to barrister Conway Edward Dobbs.[2][4] Her father was Justice of the Peace for County Antrim, High Sheriff for Carrickfergus in 1875 and High Sheriff for County Louth in 1882. The family spent time living in Dublin where Dobbs was born.[5][6] She attempted to learn Irish. However, when her father died in 1898 her mother moved the family back to Glenariff.[7][8][9] Her mother was Sarah Mulholland, daughter of St Clair Kelvin Mulholland Eglantine, Co. Down.[2][10]

Dobbs was interested in learning Irish and found it easier to learn in Donegal where it was still spoken. Her first teacher was Hugh Flaitile. She attended the Irish College at Cloughaneely in the Donegal Gaeltacht. She brought the idea of promoting the language to the Glens of Antrim and her circle of friends.[7][8] Dobbs was one of the small number of Protestant women interested in the Gaelic revival.[11][12]

1904 saw the "Great Feis" in Antrim and Dobbs was a founder member of the Feis na nGleann committee and later a tireless literary secretary. In 1946, the Feis committee decided to honour her by presenting her with an illuminated address. It can be seen today at Portnagolan House with its stained glass windows commemorating a great Irishwoman. During her speech she said: ‘Ireland is a closed book to those who do not know her language. No one can know Ireland properly until one knows the language. Her treasures are hidden as a book unopened. Open the book and learn to love your language’.[7][8][9][13]

Dobbs wrote seven plays, published by Dundalgan Press in 1920, though only three were performed. The Doctor and Mrs McAuley won the Warden trophy for one-act plays at the Belfast festival in 1913. However her plays were generally not a success and after 1920 she never wrote another. She continued to work on historical and archaeological studies and her articles were published in the Ulster Journal of Archaeology, in a German magazine for Celtic studies, in the French Revue Cletique and in the Irish magazine Eriu.[7][8][14]

Roger Casement was a good friend and although Dobbs never made her political opinions known she contributed to his defence costs when he was accused of treason.[7][8][9][15] Although her political views were not clearly known Dobbs had been a member of the Gaelic League and in the executive of Cumann na mBan.[13][16][17]

She died in Portnagalon.[8]

Further reading[edit]

  • Seán Duffy (15 January 2005). Medieval Ireland: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. pp. 115–. ISBN 978-1-135-94824-5.
  • "Full text of "Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland"". Https:. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  • "TEI header for Tochmarc Éadaine". Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  • "Eriu" (PDF). Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  • "Feis na nGleann". Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  • "Place Names NI - Home". Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  • "Holdings: Obituary of Margaret Emmeline Dobbs". Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  • M. Sihra (14 March 2007). Women in Irish Drama: A Century of Authorship and Representation. Palgrave Macmillan UK. pp. 222–. ISBN 978-0-230-80145-5.
  • "Women in 20th-Century Ireland, 1922-1966: Sources from the Department of the Taoiseach". National Archives of Ireland. Retrieved November 3, 2016.


  1. ^ Sean Mac Reamoinn (20 Mar 1996). "AN IRISHMAN'S DIARY". Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh. "Burke's Irish Family Records". London, U.K.: Burkes Peerage Ltd, 1976.
  3. ^ "Dictionary of Irish Biography - Cambridge University Press". Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  4. ^ "Irish Genealogy". Https:. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  5. ^ "National Archives: Census of Ireland 1911". Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  6. ^ "Irish Genealogy". Https:. Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Margaret Dobbs". Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Eamon Phoenix; Padraic O'Cleireachain (2005). Feis Na NGleann: A Century of Gaelic Culture in the Antrim Glens. Ulster Historical Foundation. pp. 37–. ISBN 978-1-903688-49-6.
  9. ^ a b c Kate Newmann. "The Dictionary of Ulster Biography". Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  10. ^ Dermot Walsh; Mary Murphy. "DOBBS, Margaret (1871-1962)". Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  11. ^ Peter Hulme; Russell McDougall (15 September 2007). Writing, Travel and Empire: Colonial Narratives of Other Cultures. I.B.Tauris. pp. 180–. ISBN 978-1-84511-304-9.
  12. ^ Ann Matthews (2010). Renegades: Irish Republican Women 1900-1922. Mercier Press Ltd. pp. 94–. ISBN 978-1-85635-684-8.
  13. ^ a b J. MacPherson (16 October 2012). Women and the Irish Nation: Gender, Culture and Irish Identity, 1890-1914. Springer. pp. 117–. ISBN 978-1-137-28458-7.
  14. ^ "Dobbs (Margaret E.) • CODECS: Online Database and e-Resources for Celtic Studies". Retrieved November 3, 2016.
  15. ^ Angus Mitchell (23 January 2014). Roger Casement: 16Lives. O'Brien Press. pp. 110–. ISBN 978-1-84717-608-0.
  16. ^ Alan Hayes; Diane Urquhart (January 2001). The Irish Women's History Reader. Psychology Press. pp. 63–. ISBN 978-0-415-19914-8.
  17. ^ "Ireland 1916 Rising History Dublin". Retrieved November 3, 2016.