Carbone as Rosario in Goyescas
15 June 1908|
Castellammare di Stabia, Italy
28 December 2002 (aged 94)|
|Occupation||Opera singer (soprano)|
Maria Carbone (15 June 1908 – 28 December 2002) was an Italian operatic soprano. She created the lead female roles in two of Gian Francesco Malipiero's operas: the title role in Ecuba (11 January 1941) and Cleopatra in Antonio e Cleopatra (4 May 1938).
Life and career
Born in Castellammare di Stabia, Carbone studied medicine for four years. She then studied music at the Conservatorio di San Pietro a Majella in Naples, receiving a diploma in piano and studying voice with Agostino Roche. She made her debut on the opera stage in 1930 at the Teatro San Carlo in Naples as Margherita in Boito's Mefistofele. She also performed there as Micaela in Bizet's Carmen and as Mimì in Puccini's La bohème.
In 1932 she appeared at the Teatro Regio in Turin as Liu in Puccini's Turandot. She made her debut at La Scala in 1936 as Giorgetta in Puccini's Il tabarro. She also sang there the title role Minnie of his La fanciulla del West, and roles in contemporary operas, such as Respighi's Maria egiziaca and Lucrezia, Pizzetti's Fra Gherardo, Debora e Jaele and Lo straniero, and Alfano's Cyrano de Bergerac. In her later life, she recalled, "I spent my life creating operas that never saw the light again." She was also known for singing the title roles of Salome and Elektra by Richard Strauss, Salome first in Turin, then in many other Italian opera houses and in 1937 in a broadcast of EIAR Rome. She toured in South America, Germany, Switzerland and Norway, performing Fiora in Italo Montemezzi's L'amore dei tre re. She performed the title role in Busoni's Turandot in the Italian premiere at the Maggio Musicale Fiorentino of 1940.
After her marriage in 1940 to the architect Giuliano Rossini and the outbreak of World War II, Carbone rarely sang outside Italy. When she retired from the stage in the early 1950s, she taught voice at the conservatories of Venice and Milan and later privately in Turin. Her students included the soprano Maria Chiara and the baritone Benito Di Bella. She came out of retirement briefly in 1974 to sing in a concert conducted by Antonio Pedrotti commemorating the 30th anniversary of Riccardo Zandonai's death. Carbone had sung in the premiere of Zandonai's Giuliano in 1928 in the small role of "A young girl" and went on to become a noted interpreter of the title role in his Francesca da Rimini. She was also a great admirer of Pietro Mascagni and sang the leading soprano roles in many of his operas, including Maria in Guglielmo Ratcliff and the title roles in Lodoletta, Isabeau, Iris, Pinotta, and Parisina, the latter in its first radio broadcast (EIAR, Rome, 20 August 1938).
Carbone rarely recorded, and only early in her career. Her only two recordings were made in 1931, Desdemona in Verdi's Otello and Micaela in Bizet's Carmen, both in complete recordings of the operas with Carlo Sabajno conducting the La Scala Orchestra and Chorus. When the Otello was reissued in 1957, the reviewer in The New Records wrote, "Maria Carbone surprised this writer, he had forgotten what a fine singer she was on these discs. Her work in the Love Duet is exquisite, and in the Finale she is superb."
- Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). 4 Maggio 1938; 11 Gennaio 1941. Almanacco Amadeus. Retrieved 14 February 2016 (in Italian).
- Carbone, Maria; Soprano. Operissimo concertissimo. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
- Rasponi, Lanfranco (1982). The Last Prima Donnas, pp. 353–362. Alfred A. Knopf
- Kutsch, Karl-Josef; Riemens, Leo (2004). "Carbone, Maria". Großes Sängerlexikon, Vol. 4, p. 717. Walter de Gruyter (in German)
- Zamboni, Fabio (1 February 2015). "L'ultimo viaggio di Zandonai e la “diretta” del direttore". Alto Adige. Retrieved 14 February 2016 (in Italian).
- Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). 4 Febbraio 1928. Almanacco Amadeus. Retrieved 14 February 2016 (in Italian).
- El Mercurio (16 March 2013). "El regreso de "Francesca da Rimini", Retrieved 14 February 2016 (in Spanish).
- Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). 20 Agosto 1938. Almanacco Amadeus. Retrieved 14 February 2016 (in Italian).
- Flury, Roger (2001). Pietro Mascagni: A Bio-bibliography, pp. xii; 86; 105; 127; 152. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0313296626
- Steiger, Karsten (2008). Opern-Diskographie: Verzeichnis aller Audio- und Video-Gesamtaufnahmen, p. 64. Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 3110955962 (in German)
- Pasquini, Elisabetta (2000). Catalogo della discoteca storica dell'Istituto nazionale di studi verdiani, p. 82. EDT srl. ISBN 8885065163 (in Italian)
- The New Records (March 1957). "Verdi: Otello", p. 10. H. Royer Smith Company