Maria da Fé

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Maria da Fé
Municipality
Maria da Fé sign
Maria da Fé sign
Flag of Maria da Fé
Flag
Location in the State of Minas Gerais
Location in the State of Minas Gerais
Coordinates: 22°18′28″S 45°22′30″W / 22.30778°S 45.37500°W / -22.30778; -45.37500Coordinates: 22°18′28″S 45°22′30″W / 22.30778°S 45.37500°W / -22.30778; -45.37500
Country Brazil
RegionSoutheast
State Minas Gerais
FoundedJune 1, 1912
Government
 • MayorPatricia Santos de Almeida Bernardo (PSD)
Area
 • Total203.774 km2 (78.678 sq mi)
Elevation
1,258 m (4,127 ft)
Population
 (2008)
 • Total14,646
 • Density75.2/km2 (195/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-3 (BST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (BDT)
Postal Code
37517-000
WebsiteMaria da Fé, Minas Gerais

Maria da Fé is a Brazilian municipality located in the state of Minas Gerais. Its population as of 2008 is estimated to be 14,646 people. The area of the municipality is 203.774 km². The city belongs to the mesoregion South/South-West of Minas Gerais and to the microregion of Itajubá.

Climate[edit]

The city is located in the dominant mesothermic climates in the southeast and south of Brazil, associated with its altitude. The climate is tropical in terms of precipitation but the temperature is affected by elevation, which leads to classify Maria da Fé as a highland tropical climate, as well as Campos do Jordão (Köppen: Cwb). The average temperature is 17 °C (maximum average 23.3 °C and minimum average of 10.1 °C), with warm summers but not as hot as places in valleys in the interior of the country and the winters are colds to Brazil and Minas Gerais. The total precipitation is 1738 mm.[1] Different from oceanic climates, being in the end of the tropics, there is a dry season defined in the winter[2], they are fences of 7 to 8 cold fronts, without the fronts due to the air dryness, there would be only 40% of the total precipitation for the season.[3] It is the only city in the state where the average temperature rise trend per decade reaches 1 °C.[4] Being in the Mantiqueira Montains, frost is a common event in normal winter. It can go from 10 occasions in several years.[5]

The city is the coldest of Minas Gerais and one of the coolest of the Brazilian southeast.[6] According to data from the National Institute of Meteorology (INMET), referring to the period between 1976 and 2016, the lowest temperature recorded in Maria da Fé was -8.4 °C on July 21, 1981,[7] and the highest reached 34,4 °C on January 19, 2015.[8] The largest accumulated rainfall in 24 hours reached 173 mm (mm) on January 3, 2000. Other large accumulations equal or greater than 100 mm were 125 mm on October 14, 1995, 103.4 mm on November 26, 2006 and 100.2 mm on February 25, 1995.[9] The lowest relative humidity index reached 15% in the afternoon of August 20, 2005.[10] In recent records there were years like 2013 where there were 23 nights with frost but the following year only 3 days, but varies considerably from year to year going from a few days to more than a dozen. The average of the first frost is on May 18 and the last on August 14, and may occur from early April until the end of September.[11]

Climate data for Maria da Fé (Downtown), elevation: 1276 m or 4186.4 ft, 1981-2010 normals[a], extremes for 1976-present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.4
(93.9)
32.6
(90.7)
31
(88)
30.6
(87.1)
29.6
(85.3)
27.6
(81.7)
27.9
(82.2)
29.7
(85.5)
32.4
(90.3)
34
(93)
32.4
(90.3)
32.6
(90.7)
34.4
(93.9)
Average high °C (°F) 25.9
(78.6)
26.6
(79.9)
25.8
(78.4)
24.6
(76.3)
22.1
(71.8)
21.2
(70.2)
21.6
(70.9)
23.5
(74.3)
24.3
(75.7)
25
(77)
25.5
(77.9)
25.5
(77.9)
24.3
(75.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 19.9
(67.8)
19.9
(67.8)
19.2
(66.6)
17.3
(63.1)
14.4
(57.9)
12.7
(54.9)
13.1
(55.6)
14.1
(57.4)
16.4
(61.5)
18.1
(64.6)
18.8
(65.8)
19.4
(66.9)
16.9
(62.4)
Average low °C (°F) 15.2
(59.4)
14.7
(58.5)
14
(57)
11.4
(52.5)
8.1
(46.6)
6.5
(43.7)
6.3
(43.3)
7.1
(44.8)
10.4
(50.7)
12.6
(54.7)
13.6
(56.5)
14.8
(58.6)
11.2
(52.2)
Record low °C (°F) 3.6
(38.5)
5.2
(41.4)
3
(37)
0.6
(33.1)
−5.2
(22.6)
−4.2
(24.4)
−8.4
(16.9)
−8
(18)
−0.4
(31.3)
−0.4
(31.3)
1.4
(34.5)
3
(37)
−8.4
(16.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 295.3
(11.63)
196.3
(7.73)
175.2
(6.90)
83.2
(3.28)
76.3
(3.00)
42
(1.7)
32.5
(1.28)
32.4
(1.28)
93.6
(3.69)
139.2
(5.48)
197.7
(7.78)
283.4
(11.16)
1,647.1
(64.85)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm (0.04 in)) 18 14 14 7 5 4 3 3 7 11 14 18 118
Average relative humidity (%) 81.4 80.5 80.6 80.1 79.8 78.7 76.3 71.6 73 75.5 77.7 80.6 78
Mean monthly sunshine hours 148 161 176.8 184.1 191.9 194.6 216.4 233.1 184.8 186.3 169.6 146.6 2,193.2
Source: INMET

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "(PDF) ESPAÇAMENTO ENTRE PLANTAS NO DESEMPENHO DE JARDIM CLONAL DE CULTIVARES DE OLIVEIRA". ResearchGate. Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  2. ^ Garcia, Sâmia Regina; Santos, Diego Felipe dos; Martins, Fabrina Bolzan; Torres, Roger Rodrigues (2018-04-17). "ASPECTOS CLIMATOLÓGICOS ASSOCIADOS AO CULTIVO DA OLIVEIRA (Olea europaea L.) EM MINAS GERAIS". Revista Brasileira de Climatologia (in Portuguese). 22 (0). doi:10.5380/abclima.v22i0.56825. ISSN 2237-8642.
  3. ^ Reboita, Michelle Simões; Rodrigues, Marcelo; Silva, Luiz Felipe; Alves, Maria Amélia (2015). "ASPECTOS CLIMÁTICOS DO ESTADO DE MINAS GERAIS (CLIMATE ASPECTS IN MINAS GERAIS STATE)". Revista Brasileira de Climatologia (in Portuguese). 17 (0). doi:10.5380/abclima.v17i0.41493. ISSN 2237-8642.
  4. ^ Ávila, Léo Fernandes; Mello, Carlos Rogério de; Yanagi, Sílvia de Nazaré Monteiro; Neto, Olívio Bahia Sacramento (2014-06-11). "Tendências de temperaturas mínimas e máximas do ar no Estado de Minas Gerais". Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira (in Portuguese). 49 (4): 247–256. ISSN 1678-3921.
  5. ^ "Avaliação Da Ocorrência De Geada Na Serra Da Mantiqueira No Período Entre 2009 E 2014". Even3 (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  6. ^ Cidade mais fria de MG, Maria da Fé atrai turistas e fotógrafos - G1 Sul de Minas - Jornal da EPTV 1ª Edição - Catálogo de Vídeos, retrieved 2018-11-17
  7. ^ "BDMEP - série histórica - dados diários - temperatura mínima (°C) - Maria da Fé". Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  8. ^ "BDMEP - série histórica - dados diários - temperatura máxima (°C) - Maria da Fé". Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  9. ^ "BDMEP - série histórica - dados diários - precipitação (mm) - Maria da Fé". Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  10. ^ "BDMEP - série histórica - dados horários - umidade relativa (%) - Maria da Fé". Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  11. ^ Brzezina, Jachym. "Estação Meteorológica Sítio da Laje". Estação Meteorológica Sítio da Laje. Retrieved 2019-08-01.

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]