Marie Cuttoli

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Marie Cuttoli (née Myriam Bordes; 1879 – 1973) was an Algerian-born French entrepreneur and patron of modernist tapestry.[1][2]

Career[edit]

Cuttoli's original interests were in reviving carpet production in Algeria. Around 1910, she set up a workshop in her Algerian home to teach the trade to local women; their works were then sold to haute couture houses in Paris.[1] In 1925, her works were displayed and well received at the International Exposition of Modern Industrial and Decorative Arts.[3] In the same year, she opened Maison Myrbor (an abbreviation of her maiden name), a gallery and design house in Paris on Rue Vignon designed by Jean Lurçat. The street included established art dealers, such as Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler.[4] Maison Myrbor produced embroidered and appliqué dresses, some designed by Natalia Goncharova,[5][6] offered a decoration department, and held major painting exhibitions for artists such as Salvador Dalí and Francis Cyril Rose.[7]

Cuttoli commissioned tapestry cartoons from Georges Braque, Fernand Léger, Joan Miró, and Pablo Picasso in 1927.[3] The following year, she turned her attention to reviving the Aubusson tapestry industry.[1] She encouraged additional avant-garde artists of the time to weave tapestries based upon their easel paintings.[8] These included Raoul Dufy, Le Corbusier, Lurçat, Henri Matisse, and Rouault.[9] Cuttoli went on to partner with Galerie Jeanne Bucher, and later with Galerie Lucie Weill & Seligmann.[1]

Personal life[edit]

In 1912,[10] she married Paul Cuttoli, an Algerian-born French politician, a Radical Socialist senator.[11] The Cuttolis built a mansion in Philippeville, Algeria named Villa Myriam.[4]:15 Her Parisian home at 55 Rue de Babylone went on to become the home of Yves Saint Laurent and his partner, Pierre Bergé.[11] A close friend of Picasso and other contemporary artists, the Cuttolis collected works by Picasso, as well Braque, Dufy, and Léger.[2] Her collection of Cubist works was donated to the Musée National d'Art Moderne,[9] the 1969 Cuttoli-Laugier donation to the same museum included a collection of Picassos.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Susan Day (1 October 2002). Art Deco and Modernist Carpets. Chronicle Books. pp. 131, 195–. ISBN 978-0-8118-3613-5. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
  2. ^ a b Troy, Virginia Gardner. "Marie Cuttoli: Patron of Modern Textiles". University of Nebraska - Lincoln. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
  3. ^ a b c Richardson, John (5 October 2010). A Life of Picasso: The Triumphant Years, 1917-1932. Random House Digital, Inc. pp. 354–. ISBN 978-0-375-71151-0. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
  4. ^ a b Morelle, Chantal (1997). Henri Laugier: un espirit sans frontières. Bruylant. p. 5. ISBN 978-2-8027-1055-4. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
  5. ^ Lussier, Suzanne (2006). Art deco fashion (Repr. ed.). London: V&A Publications. p. 46. ISBN 9781851773909. Goncharova's primitive interpretation of Russian folk art and Byzantine mosaics was evident not only in her costumes for the Ballets Russes but also in her designs for Myrbor
  6. ^ "Evening dress by Natalia Goncharova for Myrbor". V&A Museum. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
  7. ^ Spring, Justin (17 August 2010). Secret Historian: The Life and Times of Samuel Steward, Professor, Tattoo Artist, and Sexual Renegade. Macmillan. pp. 71–. ISBN 978-0-374-28134-2. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
  8. ^ Campbell, Gordon (9 November 2006). The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts: Two-volume Set: Two-volume Set. Oxford University Press. pp. 64–. ISBN 978-0-19-518948-3. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
  9. ^ a b "Acquisition de la tapisserie "Marie Cuttoli"". Fondation Le Corbusier. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
  10. ^ Jarry, Madeleine (1974). La tapisserie: art du 20e siécle Madeleine Jarry. Office du livre. p. 76. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
  11. ^ a b Collins, Amy Fine (January 2009). "The Things Yves Loved". Vanity Fair.