Mark Fax

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Mark Oakland Fax (15 June 1911 – 2 January 1974) was an American composer and a professor of music.

Child prodigy[edit]

Born on June 15, 1911, in Baltimore, Maryland, Fax was a child prodigy. By age fourteen, Fax was employed as a theater organist playing scores to silent films in Baltimore's Regent Theater on Saturdays,[1] and gospel music at an African American church on Sundays.[1] Fax enrolled at Syracuse University on the advice of his brother, Elton Fax, an artist, who believed Syracuse faculty would take his aspirations as a classical composer seriously.

Education[edit]

Mark studied at Syracuse University where he earned a B.Mus. in 1933,[2] then at Eastman earning a Master's degree in composition. While at Eastman he studied with Howard Hanson.[3] his bachelor's of music degree with honours, Fax won the prestigious Julius Rosenwald Fellowship in a national competition and was elected to the All-University Honour Society. Depression-era conditions compelled him to turn down graduate fellowship offers, and he accepted a position at Paine College in Georgia,[2] where he founded and chaired the music department. in 1942 Mark studied piano at Bennington College in Vermont. It was here that he wrote music for the Martha Graham Dance Troupe.[2]

Career[edit]

Feeling that he was stagnating artistically, he returned to Central New York in 1942 to study advanced composition at the Eastman School of Music. To support his family, he served as both choirmaster and janitor at a Rochester church until he won a rare second Rosenwald Fellowship. He taught at Black Mountain College in 1946. Max also taught music at Paine College a (1934-1942),.[2][3] From 1947 to 1972, Fax taught music theory at Howard University and served as director of the School of Music. Later, Fax became Acting Dean of Howard's College of Fine Arts. Concurrently, he served as music director at Washington's famed Asbury Methodist Church Washington, DC where he has acted as the music director, organist, and composer.[2] Fax composed works for chorus, symphony, chamber ensemble, voice, piano and organ, in addition to two full-length operas, Christmas Miracle (1958) and 'Til Victory Is Won (1967). Though many of Fax's compositions are unpublished many had been preserved by his wife and reproduced in dissertation on his work by Velma Jones, titled "The Life and Works of Mark Oakland Fax."[4][5]

Public attention[edit]

In the Washington limelight, he finally received public attention. Washington Post critic Paul Hume praised Fax's Sonata for Clarinet and Piano as "striking…difficult…a work of surprising contrapuntal texture" and declared the composer's oeuvre "music of rare power." 'Til Victory is Won (1967), Fax's epic operatic history of the African American experience, was mounted at the Kennedy Center. Hume says of Fax's opera ""A strong and valid artistic pronouncement" upon the trials of the time it was written.[6] Mark Fax died January 2, 1974, in Washington, DC.

Reference List[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Mark O. Fax-organist 1911-1974 distinguished Howard U. professor: On black classical music Dominique de Lerma". Afro-American. Baltimore. 29 July 1978. p. 11. ProQuest 532593308.
  2. ^ a b c d e Poole, Eric Orlando (2012). The sacred choral works of Mark Oakland Fax (Thesis). ProQuest 1039551333.
  3. ^ a b "Mark Fax". The Black Perspective in Music. 2 (2): 225. 1974. JSTOR 1214259.
  4. ^ Jones, Velma (1978). The Life and Works of Mark Oakland Fax (Thesis).
  5. ^ Lerma, Dominique de (29 July 1978). "Mark O. Fax-organist 1911-1974 distinguished Howard U. professor: On black classical music". Afro-American. Baltimore. p. 11.
  6. ^ Hume, Paul (7 Mar 1958). "New Opera, 'A Christmas Miracle,' Has Premiere". The Washington Post and Times Herald. Washington, D.C. p. A16.

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