Marwan Jameel Essa al-Muasher
|Deputy Prime Minister|
3 July 2005 – 24 November 2005
|Born||1956 (age 63–64)|
Marwan al-Muasher (Arabic: مروان المعشر) (born 1956) is a Jordanian diplomat and politician who was Jordan's foreign minister from 2002 to 2004 and its deputy prime minister during 2004 and 2005. He currently serves as vice president for studies at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he oversees research on the Middle East. He was Jordan's first ambassador to Israel and former ambassador to the United States.
Education and early career
Muasher attended Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana, where he earned a bachelor of science degree in electrical engineering in 1977, a master of science degree in computer engineering in 1978, and a Ph.D., also in computer engineering, in 1981.
Muasher began his career working as a journalist for the Jordan Times, the only Jordanian newspaper in the English language. He then entered government service, working in communications in the Ministry of Planning, at the prime minister's office as press adviser, and as director of the Jordan Information Bureau in Washington, D.C.
In 1995, following the 1994 Israel–Jordan peace treaty, Muasher became Jordan's first ambassador to Israel. Then, in 1996, he became minister of information and the government spokesperson. From 1997 to 2002, he served in Washington, D.C., again as ambassador to the United States, and helped negotiate the Jordan–U.S. Free Trade Agreement, the first free-trade agreement the United States signed with an Arab country.
He returned to Jordan in January 2002 to serve as foreign minister, where he played a central role in developing the Arab Peace Initiative and the Middle East roadmap. He served until October 2004, when he gained the post of deputy prime minister in a cabinet reshuffle under former Prime Minister Adnan Badran that sought to continue reform and shrink the bureaucracy. He served as the deputy prime minister until November 2005. In 2005 he developed the National Agenda, a long-term political, economic and social reform plan for Jordan. The making up of the plan involved 450 Jordanian stakeholders and experts giving solutions and deadlines to implement them. The National Agenda was never actually realized because, according to Muasher, it was thwarted by a group of political elites and bureaucrats, eager to keep a rentier-based state system, rather than one based on merit. According to Sultan Sooud Al-Qassemi, al-Muasher, a Christian, was dropped from the post to please the Jordanian Muslim Brotherhood.
From 2006 to 2007, he was a member of the Jordanian Senate.
International policy making
He currently serves as vice president for studies at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he oversees research on the Middle East from Washington, D.C., and Beirut, Lebanon. In 2011 Muasher took seat in the advisory council of The Hague Institute for Global Justice.
He is the author of two books:
- The Arab Center: The Promise of Moderation. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. 2008. p. 336. ISBN 978-0300123005.
- The Second Arab Awakening: And the Battle for Pluralism. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. 2014. p. 232. ISBN 978-0300186390.
- Majālī, ʻabd al-Salām; Anani, Jawad Ahmed; Haddadin, Munther J. (2006). Peacemaking: The Inside Story of the 1994 Jordanian-Israeli Treaty. ISBN 9780806137650.
- "Marwan Muasher". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
- Noam Chomsky, "Is the world too big to fail?", Salon.com, 21 April 2011.
- "Marwan Jamil Al Muasher". World Economic Forum. Archived from the original on 26 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
- "Marwan Muasher, the Optimist Reformer". Fanack.com. Retrieved 9 August 2016.
- Fanack. "Marwan Muasher, the Optimist Reformer". Fanack.com. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
- Sultan Sooud Al-Qassemi (14 June 2009). "Shameful Plight of the Middle East's Christians". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
- "Marwan Muasher Appointed As Senior Vice President, External Affairs; Press Release No:2007/277/EXT". World Bank. 19 March 2007.
- "Advisory Council". The Hague Institute for Global Justice. Retrieved 17 July 2014.