Mary Meigs Atwater
Mary Meigs Atwater (February 28, 1878 – September 5, 1956) was an American weaver. She revived handweaving in America by collecting weaving drafts, teaching and writing; Handweaver and Craftsman called Atwater "the grand dame and grand mother of the revival of handweaving in [the United States]".
Atwater studied art at the Chicago Art Institute and in Paris, France. She lived in several western states, Bolivia and Mexico. When living in Basin, Montana, she began weaving as an artistic outlet and to provide business opportunities for the women in her community. She organized a weaving guild and published The Shuttle-Craft Book of American Hand-Weaving (Macmillan, 1928). She wrote monographs on specific weave structures as well as an instructional course in hand weaving (Cambridge, 1923). The artistic endeavor of handweaving nearly disappeared in America except for Weaver Rose (William Henry Harrison Rose) and his sister Elsie Maria Babcock Rose  in Rhode Island and isolated women in the Appalachian Mountains. Mary Meigs Atwater researched patterns and collected forgotten weaves and through her efforts restored weaving in America as an artistic endeavor. As she states in The Shuttle-Craft Book of American Hand-Weaving , "There are actually more hand-looms in operation at the present time than there were at the time of the Revolution when all textiles were woven by hand."
"The 20th-century revival of American hand-weaving began with a few individuals who rediscovered the old coverlets and the surviving weavers. These interested individuals saw a need to collect the woven pieces and knowledge still around before the coverlets were permanently destroyed and the information lost. They recorded or acquired coverlets and coverlet fragments, as well as written drafts, notebooks, and account books. Founding weaving schools and donating collections to museums, these individuals including Mary Meigs Atwater, left a legacy to today's weavers, historians and collectors."
- James E. Atwater (grandson)
- Atwater, Mary Meigs; Reitter, Mary Jo, comp. (1992). Weaving a life: The story of Mary Meigs Atwater. Loveland, Colorado: Interweave Press. ISBN 0-934026-77-7.
- Handweaver and Craftsman. Vol. 21–22. Handweaver & Craftsman. 1970. p. 5.
- Osterhaug, Anita. "Beweave-It". Weaving Today. Interweave. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
- Atwater, Mary Meigs. "The Shuttle-Craft Book of American Hand-Weaving". Archive.org. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- Atwater, Mary Meigs. "Shuttle-Craft Course in Hand Weaving" (PDF). Computer Science Database. University of Arizona. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- Tabac, Betsy. "The Weaving Roses of Rhode Island (Book Review)". WeaveZine. WeaveZine. Archived from the original on 29 June 2013. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- Strickler, Carol (1987). American woven coverlets. Loveland, Colorado: Interweave Press. p. 16. ISBN 0-934026-30-0.
- Janet Koplos; Bruce Metcalf (2010). Makers: A History of American Studio Craft. University of North Carolina Press. p. 125. ISBN 978-0-8078-3413-8.
- Kathleen Curtis Wilson (2001). Textile Art from Southern Appalachia: The Quiet Work of Women. The Overmountain Press. ISBN 978-1-57072-198-4.
- Shirley E. Held (May 1998). Weaving: a handbook of the fiber arts. Harcourt Brace College Publishers. pp. 56–58. ISBN 978-0-15-501512-8.
- Osma Gallinger Tod (2012). The Joy of Handweaving. Courier Corporation. p. 170. ISBN 978-0-486-15737-5.