Rock Island, Illinois
Rock Island, Illinois
Rock Solid, Rock Island
Location of Rock Island in Rock Island County, Illinois.
|County||Rock Island County|
|• Mayor||Mike Thoms|
|• City||17.06 sq mi (44.19 km2)|
|• Land||16.86 sq mi (43.66 km2)|
|• Water||0.20 sq mi (0.53 km2)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||2,266.45/sq mi (875.08/km2)|
|• Metro||381,342 (134th)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Rock Island is a city in and the county seat of Rock Island County, Illinois, United States. The original Rock Island, from which the city name is derived, is the largest island on the Mississippi River. It is now called Arsenal Island. The population was 39,018 at the 2010 census. Located on the Mississippi River, it is one of the Quad Cities, along with neighboring Moline, East Moline, and the Iowa cities of Davenport and Bettendorf. The Quad Cities has a population of about 380,000. The city is home to Rock Island Arsenal, the largest government-owned weapons manufacturing arsenal in the US, which employs 6,000 people.
There is a wide variety of housing available in Rock Island, including historic homes, new downtown condos, new construction in the heart of the city, and wooded retreats. The Rock Island-Milan School District, Rockridge School District (southwest portion of city) along with private schools, serve the city. The District (Downtown Rock Island) has art galleries and theaters, nightclubs and coffee shops, and restaurants of all flavors. Golf courses, parks, a casino, botanical center, marina, historic tours, bike paths, and festivals offer entertainment opportunities.
In 2015 Rock Island was ranked the 32nd "Best Small City" in the country based on economic health, affordability, and quality of life.
Rock Island made the list of the nation's "25 Most Affordable Housing Markets," a ranking released by 24/7 Wall Street.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Development
- 6 Education
- 7 Points of interest
- 8 Cultural organizations
- 9 Sports
- 10 Media
- 11 Film, theater, and literary references
- 12 Notable people
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Saukenuk, a Sauk village
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Various Native American tribes occupied this area for thousands of years before settlement. By the early nineteenth century, it was occupied chiefly by the historic Sauk tribe. Their major village of Saukenuk was located on the south side of Rock Island, along the Rock River. After the War of 1812, the United States built Fort Armstrong on the island for defensive reasons in 1816.
Saukenuk was the birthplace of the Sauk war chief Black Hawk, for whom the Black Hawk War of 1831–1832 was named. Fort Armstrong served as the US military's headquarters for the war. Today the Black Hawk State Historic Site, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, includes much of the site of the original village of Saukenuk. The park includes a museum and a number of hiking trails along the Rock River and in surrounding woods.
The original City plat was filed on July 10, 1835, and was named Stephenson. It was renamed Rock Island in 1841.
This area has been a fortuitous place first for settlement and then for steamboat traffic, bridges, and railroads.
Railroads and development
The Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad (RI) was founded here in 1851, known informally as the Rock Island Line. As part of later nineteenth-century development, two first-class hotels: the Harper House (build by Ben Harper and opened in February 1871) and the Rock Island House were built in town. Rock Island Arsenal manufactured military equipment and ordnance for the U.S. Army since the 1880s. The railroad's 1980 abandonment ranks as the longest and most unnecessarily complicated in U.S. railroad history.
Due to its geography, Rock Island has a rich history of bridge building, including the first railroad bridge across the Mississippi (now gone), an unusual two-track railroad bridge, and the largest roller dam in the world.
The first railroad bridge across the Mississippi River was built between Arsenal Island and Davenport in 1856. Many steamboat pilots felt that the bridge had been intentionally positioned to make it hard for them to navigate, and this conflict reflected a larger rivalry: St. Louis and its steamboats against Chicago and its railroads. Two weeks after the bridge opened, the steamboat Effie Afton collided with the bridge, caught fire, and damaged the bridge. The owner of the Effie Afton sued the bridge company for damages, and Abraham Lincoln was one of the lawyers who defended the railroad. This test case was appealed to the United States Supreme Court, which ruled in favor of the railroad in 1872. Although the original bridge is long gone, a monument exists on Arsenal Island marking the Illinois side. On the Iowa side, the bridge was located near where 4th and Federal streets intersect with River Drive.
Lock and Dam No. 15 and the Government Bridge are located just southwest of the site of the first bridge. The Government Bridge, completed in 1896, is notable for having two sets of railroad tracks above the car lanes. There are only two bridges in the world with this feature.
Three other bridges span the river between Rock Island and Davenport. The Crescent Rail Bridge is a railroad-only bridge, completed in 1899. The Centennial Bridge was completed in 1940 for autos only. The newest bridge is the Interstate 280 bridge, completed in 1973.
Lock and Dam No. 15, completed in 1934 as a federal Works Progress Administration (WPA) project during the Great Depression, is the largest roller dam in the world. The dam is designed for navigation, not flood control. During flood season, the rollers are raised, unleashing the full flow of the water.
On the south side of the city, overlooked by the Black Hawk State Historic Site, are auto and railroad crossings of the Rock River to Milan, Illinois. This set of bridges also crosses the historic Hennepin Canal and Sears Dam (this was named after the entrepreneur David B. Sears, who previously built the Sears Dam between Arsenal Island and Moline.) In 2007 a new bridge was completed between 3rd Street Moline/southeast Rock Island and Milan. It expedites the trip to Milan, the airport, and points south on U.S. Route 67.
Rock Island is located at (41.489083, -90.573154).
According to the 2010 census, Rock Island has a total area of 17.872 square miles (46.29 km2), of which 16.85 square miles (43.64 km2) (or 94.28%) is land and 1.022 square miles (2.65 km2) (or 5.72%) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 39,684 people, 16,148 households, and 9,543 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,492.0 people per square mile (962.4/km²). There were 17,542 housing units at an average density of 1,101.6 per square mile (425.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.13% White, 17.17% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.75% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 2.41% from other races, and 2.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.90% of the population.
There were 16,148 households out of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.2% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.9% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 13.1% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,729, and the median income for a family was $45,127. Males had a median income of $32,815 versus $23,378 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,202. About 10.9% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.
According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the largest employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Rock Island Arsenal||8,500|
|3||Rock Island-Milan School District 41||900|
|4||County of Rock Island||510|
|6||Jumer's Casino & Hotel||450|
|7||Performance Food Group||450|
|8||Modern Woodmen of America||440|
|10||Dohrn Transfer Company||300|
Construction will begin in April 2017 for a new Rock Island County courthouse. The 46,000 square foot building will have three stories that house four courtrooms, judges offices, a law library, and both the Circuit Clerk and States Attorneys offices. The $28 million project is expected to be completed in the fall of 2018. The old courthouse is expected to be torn down upon completion of the new building.
The majority of the city is served by the Rock Island/Milan School District with portions of the southwest area falling under the Rockridge School District. The Rock Island-Milan School District is currently home to thirteen schools. One high school, two junior high schools, nine elementary schools, and one alternative education center. Several private schools also serve Rock Island including Jordan Catholic Elementary School and Alleman Catholic High School.
Former schools, now closed
- Villa de Chantal (Catholic, 1978 closure, building destroyed by fire in 2005)
- Frankin Junior High School torn down
- Central Junior High School torn down
- Lincoln Elementary School torn down
- Audubon Elementary School torn down
Points of interest
- Augustana College (Illinois)
- Black Hawk State Historic Site
- Jumer's Casino & Hotel
- Broadway Historic District
- Chippiannock Cemetery
- Hauberg Civic Center
- Longview Park Conservatory and Gardens
- Quad City Botanical Center
- Rock Island Public Library
- Rock Island Arsenal is a National Historic Landmark
- The District
- Boetje's Mustard Factory
Rock Island, Illinois is the site of the Quad City Hindu Temple, a Hindu shrine dedicated chiefly to the deity Venkateswara. The temple opened in 2007. Prior to its construction, Hindu worshippers had to travel to St. Louis or Peoria to participate in Hindu festivals and worship.
- Ballet Quad Cities
- Genesius Guild
- The Quad City Symphony Orchestra plays part of its Masterworks Series' concerts at Centennial Hall on the Augustana College campus.
- Quad City Arts
The first football game in what was to become the National Football League was played at Rock Island's Douglas Field in September, 1920. It was hosted by the Rock Island Independents(1907-1926), who were a charter NFL franchise in 1920.
The Rock Island Islanders were a minor league baseball team that played for 37 seasons between 1901 and 1948. The Islanders played at Douglas Park and were affiliates of the Cincinnati Reds and Philadelphia A's.
The Rock Island Legion Post 200 baseball team won the 4th State Championship in its history in 2011 in Galesburg, Illinois. Post 200 would finish 4th that year in the Great Lakes Regional.
Karters flock to Rock Island every year for the prestigious Rock Island Grand Prix on Labor Day weekend, which attracts competitors from across the United States and the world. With exception to 1997, when the annual race was canceled due to legal liability issues, the Rock Island Grand Prix has been held every year since 1994.
Rock Island High School has won state championships in basketball, girls and boys track, softball, and wrestling. Additionally the football and basketball programs are perennial powerhouses. Rock Island Public Schools Stadium has an artificial surface and has a seating capacity of over 15,000.
Rock Island is the location of television station WHBF-TV. Until 1963, WHBF was one of only two television stations in the Quad Cities area. (The other is WOC-TV on the Iowa side of the river.) Rock Island was also the longtime former home of WHBF-TV's former sister radio stations, WHBF and WHBF-FM, although it does remain the licensed city of those stations.
Film, theater, and literary references
- Around the World in Eighty Days (1873) by Jules Verne has Phileas Fogg crossing the Mississippi River at Rock Island.
- Rock Island Line (song) was first recorded in 1934. Its many recorded versions include ones by John Lomax, Lonnie Donegan, Johnny Cash and Bobby Darin. A version is sung by Kevin Spacey in his film of Darin's life, Beyond the Sea.
- In the 1936 Margaret Mitchell novel Gone with the Wind, Ashley Wilkes was imprisoned on Arsenal Island during the Civil War.
- The Rock Island Trail, starring Forrest Tucker, was a Republic Studios production (1950) related to the building of the Rock Island Railroad across the Mississippi River.
- The opening 'railroad train' number in Meredith Willson's The Music Man (1957) is entitled "Rock Island". It suggests a Rock Island train's crossing from Rock Island to Davenport, Iowa, known as "River City".
- Rock Island is one of the markers of the outer edge of the range of Project X in Ayn Rand's novel Atlas Shrugged.
- Rock Island is mentioned several times in Jack Kerouac's book On the Road. Sal (Jack Kerouac) says that in Rock Island, "for the first time in my life that I saw my beloved Mississippi River dry in the summer haze."
- In the 1977 episode "Breaker, Breaker" of Good Times, where Nathan Bookman hides a CB radio in the Evan's apartment, during a scene where Willona Woods gets on the CB with a man who says he's coming back into Chicago from "that Rock Island town" and wanted to know if she and Millicent "Penny" Gordon Woods could meet up.
- The Blues Brothers are from Rock Island.
- In the 1996 film Hard Eight, John, played by John C. Reilly, says that they are staying in Rock Island, Illinois.
- Part of the film Road to Perdition (2002) takes place in Rock Island. The first track of the soundtrack is entitled Rock Island. The movie was based on the 1998 graphic novel, which was in turn based on the life of Rock Island gangster John Looney.
- In the 2006 film Death of a President, Al Claybon, the character behind the assassination of George W. Bush, resided in Rock Island.
- In the 2001 film, America's Sweethearts, Larry King takes a call from a viewer in Rock Island, Illinois.
- Rock Island Line is the title of a 1975 novel by David Rhodes (author)
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- Eddie Albert, Oscar-nominated actor and activist, known for television series, Green Acres and Switch, and films
- Black Hawk, leader and warrior of the Sauk American Indian tribe
- Dred Scott, American slave who sued for his freedom
- Ken Bowman, Ken Duncan and Herm Schneidman, players for NFL's Green Bay Packers
- George Davenport, American frontiersman, trader, U.S. Army soldier, and Indian agent
- Steve Decker, catcher with the San Francisco Giants, Florida Marlins, Colorado Rockies and Anaheim Angels
- Pony Diehl, Wild West outlaw
- Booker Edgerson, Buffalo Bills
- Lane Evans, former United States Congressman (Illinois 17th District); born in Rock Island
- Virginia Frederick, Illinois state representative
- Daniel G. Garnsey, former U.S. Congressman
- Aaron H. Grout, son of Governor Josiah Grout and Vermont Secretary of State
- Charles G. Hall, photojournalist; born in Rock Island
- June Haver, screen and radio actress; wife of actor Fred MacMurray
- Chase Hilgenbrinck, former professional soccer player with the New England Revolution
- Jesse Johnson, musician, guitarist for group "The Time", as well as solo artist
- Mark Johnson, Olympian and winningest wrestling coach at the University of Illinois
- Madison Keys, professional tennis player
- Lou Kolls, MLB umpire
- Helen Mack, screen and stage actress; born in Rock Island
- Jerry Mansfield, NFL player
- Elisabeth Maurus (aka Lissie), folk-rock singer and songwriter; born in Rock Island
- Tim Moore, stage, screen and television actor; first black TV star
- Don Nelson, forward and head coach with several NBA teams, most all-time wins as a head coach
- Greg Norton, former bassist of the hardcore punk band Hüsker Dü
- Col. Gary Payton, astronaut
- Chasson Randle, basketball player and all-time leading scorer at Stanford
- Harry Sage, catcher with the Toledo Maumees
- Bobby Schilling, U.S. Congressman from Illinois's 17th congressional district
- Michael H. Sexton, Minor League Baseball executive
- Tom Sexton, shortstop with 19th century's Milwaukee Brewers
- Thomas P. Sinnett, Illinois politician and lawyer
- Charles A. Spring, Presbyterian leader and son of Samuel Spring
- Lefty Taber, pitcher for the Philadelphia Phillies; born in Rock Island
- Hiram Truesdale, lawyer and jurist
- Jonathan Tweet, game designer, author, blogger
- Samuel Rinnah Van Sant, Civil War soldier, Governor of Minnesota 1901-05
- Henry Cantwell Wallace, U.S. Secretary of Agriculture 1921-24
- Bill Zies, catcher with the St. Louis Cardinals
- Lester Ziffren, journalist and Hollywood screenwriter
- Mayor of Rock Island, Illinois
- List of crossings of the Upper Mississippi River
- Rock Island Independents – former NFL franchise
- Daytrotter – National Music Website Based in Rock Island
- List of tallest buildings in the Quad Cities
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- Diane Oestreich: "Harper House Hotel. 2nd Avenue & 19th Street", Rock Island Preservation Society, February 2013.
- Drury, George H. (1994). The Historical Guide to North American Railroads: Histories, Figures, and Features of more than 160 Railroads Abandoned or Merged since 1930. Waukesha, Wisconsin: Kalmbach Publishing. pp. 87–93. ISBN 0-89024-072-8.
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- "Rock Island rated 3rd most exciting city in Illinois by national real estate firm". Qconline.com. Retrieved 29 April 2014.
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- Wickstrom, George W., The Town Crier J. W. Potter Company, 1948
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