Lying along both banks of the River Dee, the Lands of Culter originally included the parishes of Peterculter and Maryculter. These were in the jurisdiction of the monks of Kelso. However, about the year 1187, William the Lion granted the portion of the Culter lands on the south bank of the river to the Knights Templar.
Between 1221 and 1236 Walter Byset, Lord of Aboyne, founded the Preceptory or College of the Knights Templar on the site of Maryculter House Hotel. The barrel-vaulted basement of the house is said to have formed part of the Preceptor's Lodging.
The Templars also built a chapel. This became the parish church in 1535, was abandoned in 1782 and is now a fragmentary ruin, the only architectural feature surviving being the piscina built into the south wall. The chapel and surrounding graveyard are a Scheduled monument. The chapel was replaced as the parish church by Maryculter Trinity Church.
In 1811, Maryculter was bought by General William Gordon of Fyvie, and the Gordon family owned the estate until the death of Sir Cosmo Duff-Gordon in 1931 led to the sale of the property in 1935. The estate was broken up and the home-park was bought by the City of Aberdeen Boy Scouts' Association to create Templars' Park Scout Campsite. Alterations to the house took place in 1936.
- Boyd, EJ. "A brief history of the Knights of the Temple and of the Preceptory and Priory of St. George Aboyne 1794 - 1994". Craftings. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
- "Maryculter House and the Precatory of the Knights Templar" (PDF). Maryculter House Hotel. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
- "Aberdeenshire SMR". Aberdeenshire SMR. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
- "St Mary's Church, Maryculter". Places of Worship in Scotland. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
- "Maryculter, Church". Canmore. Historic Environment Scotland. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
- Historic Environment Scotland. "Maryculter House, church & burial ground 65m NNE of (SM10831)". Retrieved 15 April 2019.
- Mitchell, Alex. "The Old Burghs Of Aberdeen – Part 4". Aberdeen Voice. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
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- "Old Maryculter House". Dictionary of Scottish Architects. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
- Watson, Adam (2013). Place Names in Much of North-East Scotland. Paragon Publishing. p. 236. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
- Historic Environment Scotland. "Old Maryculter House (now incorporated into Deeside Hotel) (LB16496)". Retrieved 15 April 2019.
- Maryculter House Hotel website
- Blog post about the house and graveyard
- Maryculter House Sweet Chestnut
- Details of film, Maryculter Calling, 1934
- Video footage of St Mary's Chapel
- Nicol, Norman D (1999) Maryculter in the Eighteenth Century: Lairds, Kirk and People in a Lower Deeside Parish