MasterFormat

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MasterFormat is a standard for organizing specifications and other written information for commercial and institutional building projects in the U.S. and Canada.[1] Sometimes referred to as the "Dewey Decimal System" of building construction, MasterFormat is a product of the Construction Specifications Institute (CSI) and Construction Specifications Canada (CSC). It provides a master list of Divisions, and Section numbers with associated titles within each Division, to organize information about a facility’s construction requirements and associated activities.[2]

MasterFormat is used throughout the construction industry to format specifications for construction contract documents. The purpose of this format is to assist the user to organize information into distinct groups when creating contract documents, and to assist the user searching for specific information in consistent locations. The information contained in MasterFormat is organized in a standardized outline format within 50 Divisions (16 Divisions pre-2004). Each Division is subdivided into a number of Sections.[3]

History[edit]

After World War II, building construction specifications began to expand, as more advanced materials and choices were made available.[4] The Construction Specifications Institute (CSI) was founded in 1948 and began to address the organization of specifications into a numbering system. In 1963, they published a format for construction specifications, with 16 major divisions of work. A 1975 CSI publication used the term MasterFormat. The last CSI MasterFormat publication to use the 16 divisions was in 1995, and this is no longer supported by CSI. In November 2004, MasterFormat expanded from 16 Divisions to 50 Divisions, reflecting innovations in the construction industry and expanding the coverage to a larger part of the construction industry.[5] Updates were published in 2010, 2012, and 2014.[5]

Advantages[edit]

Standardizing the presentation of such information improves communication among all parties involved in construction projects. That helps the project team deliver structures to owners according to their requirements, timelines, and budgets. An indication of the widespread acceptance of MasterFormat is that the ASTM standard for sustainability assessment of building products relies on MasterFormat to organize the data.[6] MasterFormat is an integral component of the SpecsIntact system. SpecsIntact (Specifications Kept Intact), is an automated specification processing system for preparing certain government facility construction projects using standard master specifications, called Master Text or Masters, supplied by each of three government agencies. SpecsIntact was developed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and designed for use by engineers, architects, interior designers, specification writers, project managers and construction managers. The Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC) and the Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) has also adopted SpecsIntact as their standard specifications system, greatly facilitating the effort to standardize construction specifications throughout these agencies.[7] These services utilize MasterFormat from UFGS (United Facilities Guide Specification) sections found on the Whole Building Design Guide website.

Current Divisions (April 2016)[edit]

The current MasterFormat Divisions are:

PROCUREMENT AND CONTRACTING REQUIREMENTS GROUP

  • Division 00 — Procurement and Contracting Requirements

SPECIFICATIONS GROUP

General Requirements Subgroup

  • Division 01 — General Requirements

Facility Construction Subgroup

  • Division 02 — Existing Conditions (e.g., alterations to existing natural conditions)
  • Division 03 — Concrete (e.g., footings, slabs, precast, grouting)
  • Division 04 — Masonry (e.g., concrete block, brick, stone)
  • Division 05 — Metals (e.g., structural steel framing, joists, decorative metals, etc.)
  • Division 06 — Wood, Plastics, and Composites (e.g., wood framing, finish carpentry, plastic decking)
  • Division 07 — Thermal and Moisture Protection (e.g., insulation, water barriers, sealant)
  • Division 08 — Openings (e.g., doors, windows, and louvers)
  • Division 09 — Finishes
  • Division 10 — Specialties
  • Division 11 — Equipment
  • Division 12 — Furnishings
  • Division 13 — Special Construction
  • Division 14 — Conveying Equipment
  • Division 15 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION
  • Division 16 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION
  • Division 17 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION
  • Division 18 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION
  • Division 19 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION

Facility Services Subgroup:

  • Division 20 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION
  • Division 21 — Fire Suppression
  • Division 22 — Plumbing
  • Division 23 — Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning (HVAC)
  • Division 24 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION
  • Division 25 — Integrated Automation
  • Division 26 — Electrical
  • Division 27 — Communications (e.g., data, voice, audio/visual systems)
  • Division 28 — Electronic Safety and Security
  • Division 29 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION

Site and Infrastructure Subgroup:

  • Division 30 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION
  • Division 31 — Earthwork
  • Division 32 — Exterior Improvements
  • Division 33 — Utilities
  • Division 34 — Transportation
  • Division 35 — Waterway and Marine Construction
  • Division 36 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION
  • Division 37 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION
  • Division 38 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION
  • Division 39 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION

Process Equipment Subgroup:

  • Division 40 — Process Interconnections
  • Division 41 — Material Processing and Handling Equipment
  • Division 42 — Process Heating, Cooling, and Drying Equipment
  • Division 43 — Process Gas and Liquid Handling, Purification and Storage Equipment
  • Division 44 — Pollution and Waste Control Equipment
  • Division 45 — Industry-Specific Manufacturing Equipment
  • Division 46 — Water and Wastewater Equipment
  • Division 47 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION
  • Division 48 — Electrical Power Generation
  • Division 49 — RESERVED FOR FUTURE EXPANSION

Pre-2012 Divisions[edit]

MASTERFORMAT 2004 EDITION

Same as MasterFormat 2014, except the following:

  • Division 40 — Process Integration

MASTERFORMAT 1995 EDITION

Before November 2004, MasterFormat was composed of 16 Divisions:

  • Division 1 — General Requirements
  • Division 2 — Site Construction
  • Division 3 — Concrete
  • Division 4 — Masonry (Ex. Concrete block)
  • Division 5 — Metals (Ex. Beams)
  • Division 6 — Wood and Plastics
  • Division 7 — Thermal and Moisture Protection
  • Division 8 — Doors and Windows
  • Division 9 — Finishes
  • Division 10 — Specialties
  • Division 11 — Equipment
  • Division 12 — Furnishings
  • Division 13 — Special Construction
  • Division 14 — Conveying Systems
  • Division 15 — Mechanical (Ex. Plumbing and HVAC)
  • Division 16 — Electrical

MASTERFORMAT 1988 EDITION

Same as MasterFormat 1995 except the following:

  • Division 2 — Sitework

DIVISION 2 SITE CONSTRUCTION

DIVISION 3 CONCRETE 01 78 23 Operation and Maintenance Data Division 4 Masonry 04 21 13.13 Nonbearing Masonry Veneer/Steel Stud Walls Division 5 Metals 05 72 00 Decorative Metal Specialties Division 6 Wood, Plastics, and Composites 06 20 00 Finish Carpentry 06 41 16.00 10 Plastic-Laminate-Clad Architectural Cabinets 06 61 16 Solid Surfacing Fabrications Division 6 Wood, Plastics, and Composites 06 20 00 Finish Carpentry 06 41 16.00 10 Plastic-Laminate-Clad Architectural Cabinets 06 61 16 Solid Surfacing Fabrications Division 7 Thermal and Moisture Protection 07 11 13 Bituminous Dampproofing 07 19 00 Water Repellents 07 21 13 Board and Block Insulation 07 22 00 Roof and Deck Insulation 07 52 00 Modified Bituminous Membrane Roofing 07 60 00 Flashing and Sheet Metal 07 84 00 Firestopping Division 8 DOORS WINDOWS 08 13 73 Sliding Metal Doors 08 14 00 Wood Doors 08 33 23 Overhead Coiling Doors 08 34 16.10 Steel Sliding Hangar Doors 08 34 16 Corrosion Control Hangar Doors 08 41 13 Aluminum-Framed Entrances and Storefronts 08 44 00 Curtain Wall and Glazed Assemblies 08 60 45 Translucent Panels 08 71 00 Door Hardware 08 81 00 Glazing 08 91 00 Metal Walls Louvers Division 9 Finishes 09 06 90 Schedules for Painting and Coating 09 22 00 Supports for Plaster and Gypsum Board 09 22 36 Lath 09 24 23 Cement Stucco 09 26 00 Veneer Plaster 09 29 00 Gypsum Board 09 30 10 Cement Tiling, Quarry Tiling and Paver Tiling 09 51 00 Acoustical Ceilings 09 62 38 Static-Control Flooring 09 64 29 Wood Strip and Plank Flooring 09 65 00 Resilient Flooring 09 67 23.14 Chemical Resistive Resinous Flooring 09 68 00 Carpeting 09 69 13 Rigid Grid Access Flooring 09 83 13 Acoustical Wall Coating 09 90 00 Paints and Coatings 09 96 00 High-Performance Coatings Division 10 Specialties 10 14 00.10 Exterior Signage 10 14 00.20 Interior Signage 10 21 13 Toilet Compartments 10 26 00 Wall and Corner Guards 10 28 13 Toilet Accessories 10 44 16 Fire Extinguishers 10 51 13 Metal Lockers

Division 11  EQUIPMENT

Division 12 Furnishings 12 21 00 Window Blinds 12 24 13 Roller Window Shades 12 36 00 Countertops 12 48 13 Entrance Floor Mats and Frames 12 61 13 Upholstered Audience Seating Division 21 Fire Suppression 21 13 13.00 10 Wet Pipe Sprinkler System, Fire Protection 21 13 25 High Expansion Foam (Hi-Ex) Fire Protection System 21 30 00 Fire Pumps Division 22 Plumbing 22 00 00 Plumbing, General Purpose 22 07 19.00 40 Plumbing Piping Insulation 22 14 29.00 40 Sump Pumps 22 15 09.00 40 General Service Compressed-Air Systems Cleaning Procedures 22 15 14.00 40 General Service Compressed-Air Systems, Low Pressure 22 15 26.00 20 High and Medium Pressure Compressed Air Piping Division 23 Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning 23 00 00 Air Supply, Distribution, Ventilation and Exhaust Systems 23 05 48.00 40 Vibration and Seismic Controls for HVAC Piping and Equipment 23 07 00 Thermal Insulation for Mechanical Systems 23 09 53.00 20 Space Temperature Control Systems 23 35 00.00 10 Overhead Vehicle Tailpipe and Welding Fume Exhaust Removal Systems 23 81 23.00 20 Computer Room Air Conditioning Units 23 82 00.00 20 Terminal Heating Units 23 82 02.00 10 Unitary Heating and Cooling Equipment 23 82 46.00 40 Electric Unit Heaters Division 26 Electrical 26 05 71.00 40 Low Voltage Overcurrent Protective Devices 26 20 00 Interior Distribution System 26 24 13 Switchboards 26 35 43 400-Hertz (HZ) Solid State Frequency Converter 26 41 00 Lightning Protection System 26 51 00 Interior Lighting Division 27 Communications 27 05 14.00 10 Cable Television Premises Distribution System 27 10 00 Building Telecommunications Cabling System 27 51 23.10 Intercommunication System Division 28 Electronic Safety and Security 28 10 05 Electronic Security Systems (ESS) 28 16 01.00 10 Small Intrusion Detection System 28 23 23.00 10 Closed Circuit Television Systems 28 31 76 Interior Fire Alarm and Mass Notification System Division 32 Exterior Improvements 32 05 33 Landscape Establishment 32 93 00 Exterior Plants Division 33 Utilities 33 52 10 Service Piping, Fuel Systems 33 56 10 Factory-Fabricated Fuel Storage Tank 33 58 00 Leak Detection for Fueling Systems Division 41 Material Processing and Handling Equipment 41 22 13.14 Bridge Cranes, Overhead Electric, Top Running 41 22 23.19 Monorail Hoists

Related Organizational Formats[edit]

SectionFormat is a standard for organizing information within each Section. A Section is divided into three Parts—"general," "products," and "execution." Each Part is further organized into a system of Articles and Paragraphs.

A relatively new strategy to classify the built environment, named OmniClass,[8] incorporates the work results classification in its Table 22 Work Results.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mowrer, F. "Development of the fire Data Management System" Department of Fire Protection and Engineering, NIST-GCR-94-693, August 1993.
  2. ^ Charette, R. and Marshall, A. "Uniformat II Elemental classification for Building Specifications, Cost Estimating, and Cost Analysis," NIST BFRL Office of applied Economics, NISTIR6389, October 1999.
  3. ^ Ross Spiegel and Dru Meadows, Green Building Materials: A Guide to Product Selection and Specification, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1999.
  4. ^ Clendining, Warren (2009). "History of Specifications". Technical Expressions. Archived from the original on 22 March 2013. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "What's My MasterFormat Number?". CSI. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 
  6. ^ ASTM Standard E2129-05, 2005, "Standard Practice for Data Collection for Sustainability Assessment of Building Products", ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2005, doi:10.1520/E2129-05
  7. ^ Morales, M. "SpecsIntact" National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Kennedy Space Center, FL 32899, website last accessed May 4, 2009. [1]
  8. ^ "OmniClass". OmniClass. OCCS Development Committee Secretariat. Retrieved 28 May 2017. 

External links[edit]