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Regions with significant populations
Caprivi strip, Namibia [1]
Zambia [1]
Botswana [1]
Traditional ancestor worship, Christianity

The Masubia are the largest tribe in Caprivi Strip whose traditional authority (kuta) is based in Bukalo.[2]


They Masubia originate from Central Africa. In Southern Africa they first settled in the Goha Hills of Botswana. Due to the tribal conflicts in Botswana,[when?] they moved to the great Caprivi. In that region they erected their headquarters in Bukalo under the leadership of the first Masubia king, King Sanjo.[3] The invasion of the Lozi of Zambia and the Kololo of South Africa between the 17th and 18th century led to the current blend of cultures, language and traditions.

Ways of life[edit]

They live off farming and gathering, hunting and fishing. The women are responsible for farming activities while the men deal with the hunting and fishing. Their staple food is hard porridge (inkoko) with fish or sour milk (masanza).[citation needed]


The Masubia villages are called minzi. The homes consist of huts made up of a mud wall and thatch roof or houses with concrete walls and sheet metal roofs. The huts are surrounded by a reed fence known as ilapa. The villages often consist of 15 to 30 families.[citation needed].

Nkuhaane village names are given in accordance or with consideration to major life events that took place or were believed to have taken place in that area such as [4] the main villages of the nkuhaane people are, Ibbu, Mahundu, Vuruha, Mutikitila, Ngala, Mbalasinte, Ciseke ca banyai, Ioma, Bbwaara, Cizungwe and Iseke.


Masubia religion is based on ancestor worship, wherein the deceased ancestors are regarded as guardian spirits. Those who do not honor nor show respects to these spirits are punished. They believe that these spirits have a connection with the Creator, and serve as mediators. According to the Joshua Project, forty percent of the Masubia are Christians while sixty percent practice ethnic religion.[5]


The Masubia are well known for their vibrant cultural dances known as Chiperu and Chizo and their traditional attire, Musisi.[6]


  1. ^ a b c Sanzila, George (29 July 2013). "Thousands celebrate Bwinkuhane Bwetu". New Era. 
  2. ^
  3. ^[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "ciwongo ca masaku" an isolated peace of land which was and is still believed to be a place where ghosts live/d.
  5. ^
  6. ^ "People of Caprivi". Retrieved 8 October 2012.