Matthew White Ridley, 3rd Viscount Ridley

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The Viscount Ridley
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
In office
Hereditary peerage
Preceded byMatthew White Ridley (1916)
Succeeded byMatthew White Ridley
Personal details
Matthew White Ridley

16 December 1902
Marylebone, London
Died25 February 1964(1964-02-25) (aged 61)
Northumberland, England
Spouse(s)Ursula, Viscountess Ridley (née Lutyens)
ParentMatthew White Ridley, 2nd Viscount Ridley
Residence(s)Blagdon Hall, Northumberland
EducationEton College
Alma materBalliol College, Oxford

Matthew White Ridley, 3rd Viscount Ridley CBE (16 December 1902 – 25 February 1964) was a British peer, landowner, public servant and race car driver. He was also the third Baron Wensleydale and seventh Baronet Ridley.[1]


Early life and education[edit]

Ridley was the son and heir of the 2nd Viscount Ridley and Rosamond Cornelia Gwladys Guest, daughter of the 1st Baron Wimborne. He succeeded to the family titles when he was just 13 years old, after his father's death on 14 February 1916. He attended Eton College and Balliol College, Oxford.[1]


Ridley was a self-taught engineer and car racing enthusiast. At the family estate, Blagdon Hall, he designed and built his own car to challenge the speed records for Class H vehicles (501 – 750cc).[2] In 1931, he set the record for the "flying kilometre and flying mile" in the International Class A at Brooklands, with mean speeds of 105.42 mph (kilometre) and 104.56 mph (mile).[1] He was badly injured in an accident at Brooklands at the end of the 1931 season, when his car reportedly reached a speed of 112 mph.[2]


He inherited considerable estates in Northumberland (10,000 acres) and devoted his life to public affairs. He was a member of the Northumberland County Council from 1928 to his death, and chairman of the North-East Development Association, the North-East Industrial and Development Association, the Northern Regional Board for Industry,[1] and the Rock Building Society.[2]

In business, he also served as chairman of the Consett Iron Works, director of the Moor Line steamship company, and a member of the board of Lloyds Bank.[1]

Ridley served as an officer in the Northumberland Yeomanry, an honorary colonel of the Tyne Electrical Engineers and was active in the Territorial Army. Nationally he served as Director of Hydrogen Production for the Air Ministry, Director of Producer Gas Vehicles for Ministry of Transport and as North Regional Controller of the Ministry of Production.[1] During the Second World War, he designed an auxiliary engine for Sunderland flying boats.[2]

In 1937, he became chairman of the council of King's College, Newcastle and had a significant role in the creation of the new University of Newcastle upon Tyne.[1]

Viscount Ridley was invested as a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 1938 New Year Honours for "public services in Durham and Tyneside".[3]


Ridley married Ursula Lutyens, daughter of Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens and Lady Emily Bulwer-Lytton (daughter of Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton), on 13 October 1924. They had three children together:


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Viscount Ridley – A Life of Public Service". The Times. 26 February 1964. p. 14.
  2. ^ a b c d "Family History". Blagdon Estate. Archived from the original on 18 February 2020. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  3. ^ "No. 34469". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 January 1938. p. 9.

External links[edit]

Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Viscount Ridley
Succeeded by